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Third Language Phonological Acquisition: Comparison of Simultaneous and Sequential Bilinguals’ Acquisition of Voice Onset Time


Third Language Phonological Acquisition: Comparison of Simultaneous and Sequential Bilinguals’ Acquisition of Voice Onset Time

Proulx, Joannie (2022) Third Language Phonological Acquisition: Comparison of Simultaneous and Sequential Bilinguals’ Acquisition of Voice Onset Time. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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The process of third language acquisition (TLA) differs from the process of second language acquisition (SLA) due to the learners’ additional language experiences and temporal possibilities, creating a much more complex model of development (De Angelis, 2007; Falk & Bardel, 2010; Cenoz, 2003). Despite the recent growth in the body of TLA research, and more specifically L3 phonological acquisition, results are insufficient to provide a clear picture of L3 phonological development. Whereas most research has focused on sequential bilinguals, with the exception of a few recent studies investigating heritage learners (e.g., Llama & López-Morelos, 2016; Cabrelli & Pichan, 2019; Geiss et al., 2021), very few have focused on simultaneous bilinguals. Moreover, despite the variety of methodological designs and tasks found in TLA research, studies investigating the effect of different types of tasks remain scarce; in addition, they provide mixed results regarding task effects on the L3 production of bilinguals. This study, a partial replication of Llama, Cardoso and Collins (2010) and Llama and Cardoso (2018), set out to investigate sequential and simultaneous bilinguals’ acquisition of Voice Onset Time (VOT) in L3 Spanish in two different types of tasks in order to determine whether type of bilingualism and task type modulate L3 phonological acquisition. 15 sequential L1 French/L2 English, 13 sequential L1 English/L2French and 6 simultaneous French/English bilinguals learning L3 Spanish completed word-reading and a picture-descriptions tasks. Findings indicate that simultaneous bilinguals have a partial advantage in L3 production: They are more accurate in their L3 VOT productions than sequential bilinguals in the picture-description task, but not in the word list task. Findings also indicate that type of task modulated L3 productions in that all participants produced lower VOT values in the picture-description task.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Education
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Proulx, Joannie
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Program:Applied Linguistics
Date:20 December 2022
Thesis Supervisor(s):Cardoso, Walcir
Keywords:L3 acquisition, bilingualism
ID Code:991445
Deposited By: Joannie Poisson-Proulx
Deposited On:21 Jun 2023 14:23
Last Modified:21 Jun 2023 14:23


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