Login | Register

Conscious Beholding: Strategies, Methods, & Approaches Of Transgender & Gender-Nonconforming Filmmakers


Conscious Beholding: Strategies, Methods, & Approaches Of Transgender & Gender-Nonconforming Filmmakers

Drummond, Quinn-Evelynn (2023) Conscious Beholding: Strategies, Methods, & Approaches Of Transgender & Gender-Nonconforming Filmmakers. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

[thumbnail of Drummond_MA_S2023.pdf]
Text (application/pdf)
Drummond_MA_S2023.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.


Representation of transgender and gender non-conforming (T&GNC) identities in media is crucially important - it helps to form self-identity, contextualizes personhood, and cultivates community. However, we as T&GNC people are going to have to create much of this representation for ourselves. We cannot rely on most mainstream media producers and systems for meaningfully accurate or good faith depiction, as has been routinely historically demonstrated. This research-creation thesis thus works to answer the following question: in the context of film, what are non-mainstream transgender and gender non-conforming filmmakers doing to create more reflective, self-generated representations? Specifically, what unique strategies, approaches, techniques, and mobilizations are being employed to tell novel stories about transness and gender-nonconformity? Essentially: what are T&GNC filmmakers doing differently? Garnering data through qualitative interviews and interpreting it through the framework of experiential narrative, this thesis ultimately identifies a series of production and narrative-based strategies and phenomena - including funding issues, narrative incidentalism, commercial disavowal, and a communal shift - as key dynamics informing T&GNC-made film that, taken together, help to illuminate the practices, struggles, and aims of such filmmakers.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Communication Studies
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Drummond, Quinn-Evelynn
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Program:Media Studies
Date:12 April 2023
Thesis Supervisor(s):Lynes, Krista
Keywords:narrative, story, transgender, gender non-conforming, film, community
ID Code:992147
Deposited By: Quinn-Evelynn Drummond
Deposited On:21 Jun 2023 14:16
Last Modified:21 Jun 2023 14:16


Adelaide, K., & Sharp, M. (Directors). (2020). Don’t Text Back [Film]. True Sweetheart Films.

Adelaide, K., & Sharp, M. (Directors). (2021). MonsterDykë [Film]. True Sweetheart Films.

Ahmed, S. (2006). Queer phenomenology orientations, objects, others. Duke University Press.

Alfano, S. (2009, February 11). The truth of truthiness. CBS News. Retrieved November 22, 2022, from https://web.archive.org/web/20131116045748/http://www.cbsnews.com/ stories/2006/12/12/opinion/meyer/main2250923.shtml

Baker, R. W. (Director). (1971). Dr. Jekyll and Sister Hyde [Film]. Hammer Film Productions.

Bell-Metereau, R. L. (2019). Transgender cinema. Rutgers University Press.

Biemann, U. (2003). Stuff it: The video essay in the digital age. Springer-Verlag KG.

Blumberg, N. (2022, September 9). Lili Elbe. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved October 28, 2022, from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Lili-Elbe

Bradley. M. (Director). (2014). Two 4 One [Film]. Hoggwild Films.

Burke, K. (1969). A rhetoric of motives. University of California Press.

Castillo, E. (2022). How to read now: Essays. Viking.

Chapman, O., & Sawchuk, K. (2012). Research-creation: Intervention, analysis and “family resemblances.” Canadian Journal of Communication, 37(1), 5–26. https://doi.org/10.22230/cjc.2012v37n1a2489

Charland, M. (1987). Constitutive rhetoric: The case of the peuple québécois. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 73(2), 133–150. https://doi.org/10.1080/00335638709383799

Chen, J. N. (2019). Trans exploits: Trans of color cultures and technologies in movement. Duke University Press.

Christian, D., Medel, S., & Mazawi, A. E. (2019). ‘Talking in/talking out’: Indigenous knowledge, filmmaking, and the decolonial poetics of visual sovereignty. Postcolonial Directions in Education, 8(2), 155–184.

Cizek, K., Uricchio, W., Anderson, J., Carter, M. A., Detroit Narrative Agency, Harris, T. A., Holmes, M. K., Lachman, R., Massiah, L., Mertes, C., Rafsky, S., Stephenson, M., Winger-Bearskin, A., & Wolozin, S. (2022, November 1). Collective wisdom: Co- creating media for equity and justice. MIT Press. Retrieved March 24, 2023, from https:// direct.mit.edu/books/book/5488/Collective-WisdomCo-Creating-Media-for-Equity-and

Coon, D. R. (2018). Turning the page: Storytelling as activism in queer film and media. Rutgers University Press.

Cox, L., Scholder, A. (Producers), & Feder, S. (Director). (2020). Disclosure [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.netflix.com

Cuthand, T. J. (Director). (2019). Woman Dress [Film]. National Film Board of Canada.

Cuthand, T. J. (Director). (2021). Kwêskosîw: She Whistles [Film]. Fanning Feathers Productions.

Cuthand, T. J., & May, K. (Directors). (2021). Discretion [Film]. Braided Sisters Productions.

Dalwood, C. (2023, February 17). Is Canada actually a viable safe harbour for trans people fleeing the U.S. and U.K.? Xtra*. Retrieved April 11, 2023, from https://xtramagazine.com/power/canada-trans-immigration-petition-245702

de Filippis. L. (Director). (2017). For Nonna Anna [Film]. Fra Diavolo Films.

de Lauretis, T. (1995). Alice doesn't: Feminism, semiotics, cinema. Indiana Univ. Press.

Demme, J. (Director). (1991). The Silence of the Lambs [Film]. Strong Heart Productions.

Dhont, L. (Director). (2018). Girl [Film]. Menuet Production.

Dubois, E., & Ford, H. (2015). Trace interviews: An actor-centered approach. International Journal of Communication, 9, 2067–2091.

FilmDaily.tv. (2023). Documentary grants 2023. FilmDaily.tv. Retrieved March 23, 2023, from https://www.filmdaily.tv/grants/documentary

Florez, S. (Director). (2019). The Whistle [Film]. What Do We Want Films.

Florez, S. (n.d.). Welcome to Roswell. StormMiguel Florez. Retrieved November 10, 2022,
from https://www.stormflorez.com/welcometoroswell.html

Gannon, S. (2006). The (im)possibilities of writing the self-writing: French poststructural theory and autoethnography. Cultural Studies ↔ Critical Methodologies, 6(4), 474–495. https:// doi.org/10.1177/1532708605285734

GLAAD. (2017, January 12). Victims or villains: Examining ten years of transgender images on television. GLAAD. Retrieved October 31, 2022, from https://www.glaad.org/ publications/victims-or-villains-examining-ten-years-transgender-images-television

Goffman, E. (1986). Frame analysis. Northeastern University Press.

Haraway, D. (2013). SF: Science fiction, speculative fabulation, string figures, so far. Ada: A Journal of Gender, New Media, and Technology, No.3. doi:10.7264/N3KH0K81

Hayward, E. (2008). More lessons from a starfish: Prefixial Flesh and transspeciated selves. WSQ: Women's Studies Quarterly, 36(3-4), 64–85. https://doi.org/10.1353/wsq.0.0099

Heath, S. (1976). Narrative space. Screen, 17(3), 68–112. https://doi.org/10.1093/screen/17.3.68

Hiltzik, R. (Director). (1983). Sleepaway Camp [Film]. American Eagle Films.

Hitchcock, A. (Director). (1960). Psycho [Film]. Shamley Productions.

Hooper, T. (Director). (2016). The Danish Girl [Film]. Working Title Films.

Horak, L. (2016). Girls will be boys: Cross-dressed women, lesbians, and American cinema, 1908-1934. Rutgers University Press.

Hot Docs. (2023). Film funds: Hot docs. Hot Docs. Retrieved March 23, 2023, from https:// hotdocs.ca/industry/film-funds

IMDb. (n.d.). The Danish Girl. IMDb. Retrieved February 1, 2023, from https://www.imdb.com/ title/tt0810819/

Iqbal, M. (2023, January 9). YouTube revenue and Usage Statistics (2023). Business of Apps. Retrieved February 13, 2023, from https://www.businessofapps.com/data/youtube- statistics/

Juhasz, A. (1999). They said we were trying to show reality—all I want to show is my video: The politics of the realist feminist documentary. In J. M. Gaines & M. Renov (Eds.), Collecting visible evidence (pp. 190–215). essay, Univ. of Minnesota Press.

Keegan, C. M. (2013). Moving bodies: Sympathetic migrations in transgender narrativity. Genders, (57). Retrieved from https://www.colorado.edu/ gendersarchive1998-2013/2013/06/01/moving-bodies-sympathetic-migrations- transgender-narrativity

Keegan, C. M. (2018). Lana and Lilly Wachowski. University of Illinois Press.

Keegan, C. M. (2022). On the necessity of bad trans objects. Film Quarterly, 75(3), 26–37. https://doi.org/10.1525/fq.2022.75.3.26

Lakoff, G. (2010). Why it matters how we frame the environment. Environmental Communication, 4(1), 70-81. doi:10.1080/17524030903529749

Livingston, J. (Director). (1990). Paris Is Burning [Film]. Art Matters Inc.

Loveless, N. (2019). How to make art at the end of the world: A manifesto for research-creation. Duke University Press.

Luna, W. (2019). Re-thinking thought: Foucault, Deleuze, and the possibility of thinking. Foucault Studies, 1(27), 48–68. https://doi.org/10.22439/fs.v27i27.5891

McLaren, J. T. (2018). ““Recognize me:’” An analysis of transgender media representation.” In Major Papers, 45. https://scholar.uwindsor.ca/major-papers/45.

Mcwhirter, A. (2015). Film criticism, film scholarship and the video essay. Screen, 56(3), 369– 377. https://doi.org/10.1093/screen/hjv044

Mitchell, B. (Director). (2020). The Duchess of Grant Park [Film]. Studio Vosges.

PBS. (2022). PBS open call for emerging filmmakers. PBS. Retrieved March 23, 2023, from

Rosskam, J. (2018). Making trans cinema: A roundtable discussion with Felix Endara, Reina Gossett, Chase Joynt, Jess Mac, and Madsen Minax. Somatechnics, 8(1), 14–26. https:// doi.org/10.3366/soma.2018.0234

Seymour, N. (2019). Representing transgender embodiment in film and culture: Looking beyond the transition narrative in Amazon's Transparent. Somatechnics, 9(1), 84–97. https:// doi.org/10.3366/soma.2019.0266

Shadyac, T. (Director). (1994). Ace Venture: Pet Detective [Film]. Morgan Creek Productions. Shamash, S. (2022). A decolonising approach to genre cinema studies. Film Education Journal,
5(1), 41–54. https://doi.org/10.14324/fej.05.1.05

Shaw, A. (2022). Extractive practice to decolonial futures: Interrogating the ‘humanitarian impulse’ in nonprofit filmmaking. University of British Columbia. Retrieved from https:// open.library.ubc.ca/collections/ubctheses/24/items/1.0412951

Spade, D. (2015). Normal life: Administrative violence, critical trans politics, and the limits of law. ProQuest Ebook Central https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.lib-ezproxy.concordia.ca

Steinbock, E. (2019). Towards trans cinema. In K. L. Hole, D. Jelača, E. A. Kaplan, & P. Petro (Eds.), The routledge companion to cinema and gender (pp. 395–406). essay, Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Steinmetz, K. (2014, May 29). The transgender tipping point. Time. Retrieved October 31, 2022, from https://time.com/135480/transgender-tipping-point/

Stuckey-French, N. (2012). The video essay. American Book Review, 33(2), 14–15. https:// doi.org/10.1353/abr.2012.0011

Stryker, S. (2008). Transgender history. Seal Press.

Trans Legislation Tracker. (n.d.). 2023 Anti-Trans Bills: Trans legislation tracker. 2023 Anti- Trans Bills: Trans Legislation Tracker. Retrieved April 11, 2023, from https://translegislation.com/

Vaid-Menon, A. (2017, July 19). A love letter apologizes to itself - Alok Vaid-Menon. Youtube. Retrieved March 31, 2022, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ROxxUsbFgSk

Wall, S. (2006). An autoethnography on learning about autoethnography. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 5(2), 146–160. https://doi.org/10.1177/160940690600500205

White, H. (1992). Tropics of discourse: Essays in cultural criticism. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press.

Williams Institute. (2021, March 23). Transgender people over four times more likely than cisgender people to be victims of violent crime. UCLA School of Law Williams Institute. Retrieved April 11, 2023, from https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/press/ncvs-trans- press-release/

Wissot, L. (2017, September 9). Whose story?: Five doc-makers on (avoiding) extractive filmmaking. International Documentary Association. Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://www.documentary.org/feature/whose-story-five-doc-makers-avoiding-extractive- filmmaking
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top