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Conceptual access of compound and pseudocompound “constituents”: Evidence from dichoptic presentation


Conceptual access of compound and pseudocompound “constituents”: Evidence from dichoptic presentation

Salehi, Kyan (2023) Conceptual access of compound and pseudocompound “constituents”: Evidence from dichoptic presentation. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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How are (pseudo)complex words recognized? The present study investigates the nature of the visual word recognition system by employing a word-picture relatedness task with brief exposure to target stimuli. Participants were dichoptically presented word-picture pairs (133 ms and backward masked) and were instructed to judge whether the stimuli were related to each other. The main manipulation consisted of presenting a target compound (e.g., bedroom, seatbelt) or pseudocompound (e.g., fanfare, shamrock) word and a picture representing either the first or second “constituent” (e.g., BED, BELT, FAN, and ROCK, respectively). If the word recognition system decomposes letter sequences with knowledge of morpho-orthographic regularities but is blind to semantics, we predicted that the “constituents” of both compounds and pseudocompounds would be semantically accessed. On the other hand, if the word recognition system is morpho-semantically informed, only compound constituents would be accessed. Accuracy and response times to relatedness judgements were analyzed using linear mixed effects models. Results revealed that (a) pseudocompound “constituents” were semantically accessed, but to a lesser degree than compounds—with less accurate and longer response times—and (b) both compounds and pseudocompounds produced a first “constituent” advantage in accuracy, but not in RTs. We interpret these results as supporting a semantically blind morpho-orthographic parser that quickly accesses and composes “constituent” meanings, while suppressing morpho- orthographically legal but semantically anomalous compositions.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Salehi, Kyan
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Date:26 July 2023
Thesis Supervisor(s):G. de Almeida, Roberto
Keywords:visual word recognition; semantic processing; word-picture relatedness task; compounds; pseudocompounds
ID Code:992869
Deposited By: Kyan Salehi
Deposited On:17 Nov 2023 14:36
Last Modified:17 Nov 2023 14:36


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