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Computerized cancer malignancy grading of fine needle aspirates

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Computerized cancer malignancy grading of fine needle aspirates

Jeleń, Łukasz (2009) Computerized cancer malignancy grading of fine needle aspirates. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

According to the World Health Organization, breast cancer is a leading cause of death among middle-aged women. Precise diagnosis and correct treatment significantly reduces the high number of deaths caused by breast cancer. Being successful in the treatment strictly relies on the diagnosis. Specifically, the accuracy of the diagnosis and the stage at which a cancer was diagnosed. Precise and early diagnosis has a major impact on the survival rate, which indicates how many patients will live after the treatment. For many years researchers in medical and computer science fields have been working together to find the approach for precise diagnosis. For this thesis, precise diagnosis means finding a cancer at as early a stage as possible by developing new computer aided diagnostic tools. These tools differ depending on the type of cancer and the type of the examination that is used for diagnosis. This work concentrates on cytological images of breast cancer that are produced during fine needle aspiration biopsy examination. This kind of examination allows pathologists to estimate the malignancy of the cancer with very high accuracy. Malignancy estimation is very important when assessing a patients survival rate and the type of treatment. To achieve precise malignancy estimation, a classification framework is presented. This framework is able to classify breast cancer malignancy into two malignancy classes and is based on features calculated according to the Bloom-Richardson grading scheme. This scheme is commonly used by pathologists when grading breast cancer tissue. In Bloom-Richardson scheme two types of features are assessed depending on the magnification. Low magnification images are used for examining the dispersion of the cells in the image while the high magnification images are used for precise analysis of the cells' nuclear features. In this thesis, different types of segmentation algorithms were compared to estimate the algorithm that allows for relatively fast and accurate nuclear segmentation. Based on that segmentation a set of 34 features was extracted for further malignancy classification. For classification purposes 6 different classifiers were compared. From all of the tests a set of the best preforming features were chosen. The presented system is able to classify images of fine needle aspiration biopsy slides with high accuracy

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Computer Science and Software Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Jeleń, Łukasz
Pagination:xii, 171 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph.D.
Program:Computer Science and Software Engineering
Date:2009
Thesis Supervisor(s):Krzyzak, A
ID Code:976607
Deposited By: Concordia University Library
Deposited On:22 Jan 2013 16:29
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:42
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