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Single-Microphone Speech Dereverberation based on Multiple-Step Linear Predictive Inverse Filtering and Spectral Subtraction

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Single-Microphone Speech Dereverberation based on Multiple-Step Linear Predictive Inverse Filtering and Spectral Subtraction

Baghaki, Ali (2013) Single-Microphone Speech Dereverberation based on Multiple-Step Linear Predictive Inverse Filtering and Spectral Subtraction. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Single-channel speech dereverberation is a challenging problem of deconvolution of reverberation, produced by the room impulse response, from the speech signal, when only one observation of the reverberant signal (one microphone) is available. Although reverberation in mild levels is helpful in perceiving the speech (or any audio) signal, the adverse effect of reverberation, particularly at high levels, could both deteriorate the performance of automatic recognition systems and make it less intelligible by humans. Single-microphone speech dereverberation is more challenging than multi-microphone speech dereverberation, since it does not allow for spatial processing of different observations of the signal.
A review of the recent single-channel dereverberation techniques reveals that, those based on LP-residual enhancement are the most promising ones. On the other hand, spectral subtraction has also been effectively used for dereverberation particularly when long reflections are involved. By using LP-residuals and spectral subtraction as two promising tools for dereverberation, a new dereverberation technique is proposed. The first stage of the proposed technique consists of pre-whitening followed by a delayed long-term LP filtering whose kurtosis or skewness of LP-residuals is maximized to control the weight updates of the inverse filter. The second stage consists of nonlinear spectral subtraction. The proposed two-stage dereverberation scheme leads to two separate algorithms depending on whether kurtosis or skewness maximization is used to establish a feedback function for the weight updates of the adaptive inverse filter.
It is shown that the proposed algorithms have several advantages over the existing major single-microphone methods, including a reduction in both early and late reverberations, speech enhancement even in the case of very high reverberation time, robustness to additive background noise, and introducing only a few minor artifacts. Equalized room impulse responses by the proposed algorithms have less reverberation times. This means the inverse-filtering by the proposed algorithms is more successful in dereverberating the speech signal. For short, medium and high reverberation times, the signal-to-reverberation ratio of the proposed technique is significantly higher than that of the existing major algorithms. The waveforms and spectrograms of the inverse-filtered and fully-processed signals indicate the superiority of the proposed algorithms. Assessment of the overall quality of the processed speech signals by automatic speech recognition and perceptual evaluation of speech quality test also confirms that in most cases the proposed technique yields higher scores and in the cases that it does not do so, the difference is not as significant as the other aspects of the performance evaluation. Finally, the robustness of the proposed algorithms against the background noise is investigated and compared to that of the benchmark algorithms, which shows that the proposed algorithms are capable of maintaining a rather stable performance for contaminated speech signals with SNR levels as low as 0 dB.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Electrical and Computer Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Baghaki, Ali
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Electrical and Computer Engineering
Date:30 August 2013
ID Code:977620
Deposited By: ALI BAGHAKI
Deposited On:18 Nov 2013 16:50
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:44
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