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On the Semantics of Queries over Graphs with Uncertainty

Title:

On the Semantics of Queries over Graphs with Uncertainty

Kim, Soyoung (2016) On the Semantics of Queries over Graphs with Uncertainty. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

We study the semantics of queries over uncertain graphs, which are directed graphs in which each edge is associated with a value in [0,1] representing its cer- tainty. In this work, we consider the certainty values as probabilities and show the challenges involved in evaluating the reachability and transitive closure queries over uncertain/probabilistic graphs. As the evaluation method, we adopted graph re- duction from automata theory used for finding regular expressions for input finite state machines. However, we show that different order of eliminating nodes may yield different certainty associated with the results. We then formulate the notion of "correct" results for queries over uncertain graphs, justified based on the notion of common sub-expressions, and identify common paths and avoid their redundant multiple contributions during the reduction. We identify a set of possible patterns to facilitate the reduction process. We have implemented the proposed ideas for answering reachability and transitive closure queries. We evaluated the effectiveness of the proposed solutions using a library of many uncertain graphs with different sizes and structures. We believe the proposed ideas and solution techniques can yield query processing tools for uncertain data management systems.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Computer Science and Software Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Kim, Soyoung
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M. Comp. Sc.
Program:Computer Science and Software Engineering
Date:2 September 2016
Thesis Supervisor(s):Shiri, Nematollaah
Keywords:Uncertain Graphs, transitive closure, recursive queries, reachability query problem, probabilistic graphs
ID Code:981891
Deposited By: SOYOUNG KIM
Deposited On:08 Nov 2016 16:16
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:54

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