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Three-Dimensional Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problems with Loading Constraints


Three-Dimensional Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problems with Loading Constraints

Mahvash-Mohammadi, Batoul (2014) Three-Dimensional Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problems with Loading Constraints. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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City logistics planning involves organizing the movement of goods in urban areas carried out by logistics operators. The loading and routing of goods are critical components of these operations. Efficient utilization of vehicle space and limiting number of empty vehicle movements can strongly impact the nuisances created by goods delivery vehicles in urban areas. We consider an integrated problem of routing and loading known as the three-dimensional loading capacitated vehicle routing problem (3L-CVRP). 3L-CVRP consists of finding feasible routes with the minimum total travel cost while satisfying customers’ demands expressed in terms of cuboid and weighted items. Practical constraints related to connectivity, stability, fragility, and LIFO are considered as parts of the problem. We address the problem in two stages. Firstly, we address the three-dimensional (3D) loading problem followed by 3L-CVRP.
The main objective of a 3D loading problem without routing aspect is finding the best way of packing 3D items into vehicles or containers to increase the loading factor with the purpose of minimizing empty vehicle movements. We present the general linear programming model to the pure three-dimensional vehicle loading problem and solve it by CPLEX. To deal with large-sized instances, Column Generation (CG) technique is applied. The designed method in this work outperforms the best existing techniques in the literature.

The 3DVLP with allocation and capacity constraints, called 3DVLP-AC, is also considered. For the 3DVLP-AC, CPLEX could handle moderate-sized instances with up to 40 customers. To deal with large-sized instances, a Tabu Search (TS) heuristic algorithm is developed. There are no solution methods or lower bounds (LBs) for the 3DVLP-AC existent in the literature by which to evaluate the TS results. Therefore, we evaluate our TS with the CPLEX results for small instances.
3L-CVRP is addressed by using CG technique. To generate new columns, the pricing problem that is part of CG is solved by using two approaches: 1-by means of shortest path problem with resource constraints (ESPPRC) and loading problem, and 2-a heuristic pricing method (HP). CG using HP with a simple scheme can attain solutions competitive with the efficient TS algorithms described in the literature.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Mahvash-Mohammadi, Batoul
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Industrial Engineering
Date:8 December 2014
Thesis Supervisor(s):Anjali, Awasthi
ID Code:979912
Deposited On:16 Jul 2015 15:19
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:50
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