Login | Register

Felt sentiments: The representation of invisible struggles through wearable sound


Felt sentiments: The representation of invisible struggles through wearable sound

Tchilinguirian, Patil (2020) Felt sentiments: The representation of invisible struggles through wearable sound. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

[thumbnail of Tchilinguirian_MDES_S2020.pdf]
Text (application/pdf)
Tchilinguirian_MDES_S2020.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


Through research-creation, this thesis presents imaginative perspectives from which critical stories about the “hidden Armenians” can be told and worn on the clothed body. These stories embed notions of Armenian collective memoires of cultural loss, and illustrate the complex relationship between cultural identity, oppression and expression, as they negotiate hidden political information to unveil unknown histories of suffering. These stories are materialized through textiles, which when enhanced with wearable technologies, become an archival interface that store tactile and acoustic material. In this project, tactility and sonification are used and intertwined to transform the clothed body into a space for cultural dialogue where narratives of social justice can be transmitted. As a result, alternative modes of cultural transmission are manifested by the marriage of the clothed body with fabric speaker technologies to elicit an emotional and immersive experience that accommodates representations of invisible struggles through wearable sound. Sound is employed to mitigate the tensions of visibility and to echo silenced voices, all the while amplifying the political struggle of the unheard to wider audiences. As such, this thesis postulates on the possibility of embedding a multilayered and non-linear system of meaning on the clothed body, further enhanced by wearable technologies, to create transcendental interpretations of wearable space. Seeking to inspire new questions and ideas on the different ways research-creation can engender alternative modes of cultural durability and transmission, through a practice-based and practice-led process, the corpus of work in this thesis evolved with an iterative design methodology that combed craft and technology as a creative process to interweave interactive storytelling and textile design.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Fine Arts > Design and Computation Arts
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Tchilinguirian, Patil
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.Des.
Date:1 June 2020
Thesis Supervisor(s):Langshaw, pk
Keywords:Wearable sound, wearable technologies, electronic textiles, hidden Armenians, the Leftovers of the Sword
ID Code:986921
Deposited By: Patil Tchilinguirian
Deposited On:25 Nov 2020 16:20
Last Modified:25 Nov 2020 16:20
Related URLs:


Aghjayan, G. (2015, September 4). 1.5 Million Minus 2: DNA Testing Brings Ancestors Back from the Dead. Retrieved September 26, 2019, from The Armenian Weekly website: http://armenianweekly.com/2015/09/04/dna-testing-brings-ancestors-back-from-dead/

Andrew, S. (2008). Textile Semantics: Considering a Communication-based Reading of Textiles. TEXTILE, 6(1), 32–65. https://doi.org/10.2752/175183508X288680

Arendt, H. (1958). The Human Condition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Barnard, M. 1996. Fashion as Communication. London: Routledge.Barness, J., & Papaelias, A.
(2015). Critical Making at the Edges. Visible Language, 49.

Barthes, R. (1983). The System of Fashion. Oakland, CA: University of California 

Bateson, G. (1987). Steps to an ecology of mind: collected essays in anthropology, psychiatry, evolution, and epistemology. Northvale, N.J: Aronson. Retrieved from http://nomadicartsfestival.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Gregory-Bateson-Ecology-of- Mind.pdf

Bedrosyan, R. (2013, November 15). The Islamized Armenians and Us. Retrieved September 4, 2019, from The Armenian Weekly website: http://armenianweekly.com/2013/11/15/the- islamized-armenians-and-us/

Berzowska, J. (2013). XS Labs: Electronic textiles and reactive garments as sociocultural interventions. In Sandy Black, Amy de la Haye, Joanne Entwistle, Agnes Rocamara, Regina A. Hoot and Helen Thomas (eds), The Handbook of fashion studies. London: Bloomsury: 456-475.

Bonsiepe G. (2007) The Uneasy Relationship between Design and Design Research. In: Michel R. (eds) Design Research Now. Board of International Research in Design. Birkhäuser Basel

Bournoutian, G. A. (2006). A concise history of the Armenian people: from ancient times to the present. Costa Mesa, Calif: Mazda Publishers.

Altman, I., & Taylor, D. A. (1973). Social penetration: The development of interpersonal relationships. Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Breu R., Ronald, M. (2002). Expressions in Silk: Embroidered Miniatures on Historic Textiles from the Armenian Apostolic Churches of Istanbul. Retrieved February 10, 2018, from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301224142_Expressions_in_Silk_Embroidered_Miniat ures_on_Historic_Textiles_from_the_Armenian_Apostolic_Churches_of_Istanbul

Brumann, C. and Cox, R. A. (2009). Making Japanese Heritage. New York, NY: Routledge.

Buechley, L., Eisenberg, M., Catchen, J., & Crockett, A. (2008). The LilyPad Arduino: Using computational textiles to investigate engagement, aesthetics, and diversity in computer science education. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 423-432). New York, NY: ACM. https://doi.org/10.1145/1357054.1357123

Calefato, P. (2004). The clothed body (English ed). Berg. Summary for ISBN Number 1859738052. (2004). Retrieved March 27, 2020, from http://www.syndetics.com/index.aspx?client=conulib&isbn=1859738052/summary.html&type=r n12

Carroll, T. (2017). Textiles and the Making of Sacred Space. Textile History, 48(2), 192–210. https://doi.org/10.1080/00404969.2016.1266232

Çetin, F., & Freely, M. (2012). My grandmother: An Armenian-Turkish memoir. Cox, C. (2009). Sound Art and the Sonic Unconscious. Organised Sound, 14(01), 19.

Cross, N. (2001). Designerly Ways of Knowing: Design Discipline Versus Design Science. Design Issues, 17(3), 49–55. https://doi.org/10.1162/074793601750357196

Dolas, E. (2013). Female Trauma and the Pursuit of Self in Fethiye Çetin’s My Grandmother. Gender Forum; Köln, 45, N_A. https://search.proquest.com/docview/1492432003/abstract/888FEC9EB43D4DBDPQ/1

De Landa, M. (1997). A thousand years of nonlinear history. New York: Zone Books.

DeLong, M.R. (1998), The Way We Look: Dress and Aesthetics, Fairchild Publications, New York.

Devendorf, L., Lo, J., Howell, N., Lee, J. L., Gong, N.-W.,

Karagozler, M. E., Fukuhara, S., Poupyrev, I., Paulos, E.,

Ryokai, K. (2016). “I don’t want to wear a screen”: Probing perceptions of and possibilities for dynamic displays on clothing. In Proceedings of the CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 6028-6039). New York, NY: ACM. https://doi.org/10.1145/2858036.2858192

Dunne, A., & Raby, F. (2013). Speculative Everything: Design, Fiction, and Social Dreaming. Cambridge, Massachusetts; London: The MIT Press.

Dunne, L. E., Profita, H., Zeagler, C., Clawson, J., Gilliland, S., Do, E. Y. L., & Budd, J. (2014). The social comfort of wearable technology and gestural interaction. In Proceedings of the 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (pp. 4159-4162). Hoboken, NJ: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2014.6944540 

Dyson, F. (2009). Sounding new media: Immersion and embodiment in the arts and culture. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Fetterman, D. (2012). Ethnography. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks California 91320 United States: SAGE Publications, Inc. (pp. 282-292)

Fisk, R. (2018) Erdogan has released the genealogy of thousands of Turks – but what is his motive? | The Independent. Retrieved July 25, 2019, from https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/turkey-race-armenian-recep-tayyip-erdogan-generlogy- family-trees-ethnicity-a8234346.html

Gandy, M., Baker, P. M. A., & Zeagler, C. (2017). Imagining futures: A collaborative policy/device design for wearable computing. Futures, 87, 106–121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2016.11.004

Gorgorian, A. (2009). Acculturation gap-distress hypothesis applied to Armenian Americans in Glendale, California (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from: ETD Collection for Fordham University. (AAI3361354)

Greru, C., & Kalkreuter, B. (2017). Design and the Evolving Tradition of Sanganer Hand Block Printing: Formation and Negotiation of Artisanal Knowledge and Identities Against the Backdrop of Intangible Cultural Heritage. The Journal of Modern Craft, 10(2), 137–156. https://doi.org/10.1080/17496772.2017.1351102

Guattari, F. (2005). The Three Ecologies. London; New York: Continuum.

Hadjian, A. (2018). Secret nation: The hidden Armenians of Turkey.

Jones, D. (2015) Growing Numbers of Turks Discover Armenian Ancestry. (23.04.2015). Retrieved June 19, 2019, from Voice of America website: https://www.voanews.com/europe/growing-numbers-turks-discover-armenian-ancestry

Karabeg, D. (2002). Designing Information Design, Information Design Journal, 11(1), 82-90. doi: 10.1075/idj.11.1.12kar

Kenneally, R. (2014). Introduction: Visual, Material, and Spatial Ireland. The Canadian Journal of Irish Studies, 38(1/2), 47-55. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/stable/43410723

Kolko, J. (2011). Exposing the magic of design: A practitioner's guide to the methods and theory of synthesis. New York: Oxford University Press.

Kouymjian, D. (2014). What is Armenian Art? A Reflection on Armenian Art for a Handbook of Oriental Studies. 14.
Labadi, S. & Long, C. (2010). Heritage and Globalisation. Oxon: Routledge.

LaBelle, B. (2018). Sonic agency: Sound and emergent forms of resistance. London: Goldsmiths Press.

Lemoine-Luccioni, E. (1983). La robe: Essai psychanalytique sur le vêtement. Paris: Éditions du Seuil.

Lerpiniere, C. (2013). One Wedding, Two Cultures, Four Outfits: The Phenomenological Exploration of Fashion and Textiles. Journal of Textile Design Research and Practice, 1(1), 27– 41. https://doi.org/10.2752/175183513X13772670831074

Maldini, I. (2014). Design and the Global Structures of Common Difference: The Extinction of the SUN in Uruguay. Design and Culture 6(1): 111-124.10.2752/175470814X13823675225199

McAdams, D. (2015). Exploring Psychological Themes Through Life-Narrative Accounts in Varieties of Narrative Analysis. Edited by Holstein, J., & Gubrium, J. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781506335117
McLuhan, Marshall: Understanding Media – The Extension of Man. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, 1995.

Moore-Cherry, N., & Whelan, Y. (2007). Heritage, memory and the politics of identity: New perspectives on the cultural landscape. Aldershot, England: Ashgate.

Nickell, K. (2015). “Troubles Textiles”: Textile Responses to the Conflict in Northern Ireland. Textile 13(3), 234–251. https://doi.org/10.1080/14759756.2015.1084693

Örs, B., & Komsuoğlu, A. (2007). Turkey’s Armenians: A Research Note on Armenian Identity. Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, 13(3), 405–429. https://doi.org/10.1080/13537110701451595

Pailes-Friedman, R. (2016). Smart Textiles for Designers: Inventing the Future of Fabrics. London: Laurence King Publishing.

Pajaczkowska, C. (2015). The thread and the line. Journal of Visual Art Practice, 14(1), 18–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/14702029.2015.1010354

Panossian, R. (2002). The Past as Nation: Three Dimensions of Armenian Identity. Geopolitics, 7(2), 121–146. https://doi.org/10.1080/714000931

Poghosyan. A. 2001. Carpets. In Armenian Folk Arts, Culture, and Identity, ed. L. Abrahamian and N. Swoozy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

PluseaFollow. (n.d.). Embroidered Fabric Speaker. Instructables. Retrieved April 2, 2020, from https://www.instructables.com/id/Embroidered-Fabric-Speaker/

Ratto, Matt. (2011). Critical Making: Conceptual and Material Studies in Technology and Social Life. Inf. Soc. 27. 252-260. 10.1080/01972243.2011.583819.

Ratto, Matt. Critical making. Open Design Now. (n.d.). Retrieved October 3, 2019, from http://opendesignnow.org/index.html%3Fp=434.html

Ratto, M (2009), ‘Critical Making: conceptual and material studies in technology and social life’, paper for Hybrid Design Practice workshop, Ubicomp 2009, Orlando, Florida.

Rejnö, Å., Berg, L., & Danielson, E. (2014). The narrative structure as a way to gain insight into peoples’ experiences: One methodological approach. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 28(3), 618–626. https://doi.org/10.1111/scs.12080

Ryan S. E. (2014). Garments of paradise: wearable discourse in the digital age. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. Quotes from Silverman, K. (1986). Fragments of a fashionable discourse. Studies in entertainment: Critical approaches to mass culture, ed. Tania Modleski (Bloomington: Indiana university press), p 145; Silverman quotes from Lemoine-Luccioni, E (1983). La robe: Essai psychanalytique sur le vêtement (Paris, Éditions du Seuil) p 147.

Sayers, C. E. by J. (2015). Kits for Cultural History. Retrieved November 29, 2017, from

Schön, D. A. (1983). The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action.

Schneider B. (2007) Design as Practice, Science and Research. In: Michel R. (eds) Design Research Now. Board of International Research in Design. Birkhäuser Basel

Seymour, S. (2008). Fashionable technology: the intersection of design, fashion, science, and technology. Wien; New York, NY: Springer.

Silverman, K. (1986). Fragments of a fashionable discourse. Studies in entertainment: Critical approaches to mass culture, ed. Tania Modleski (Bloomington: Indiana university press)

Social sciences and humanities research council. (2019). Research-creation. Retrieved from http://www.sshrc-crsh.gc.ca/funding-financement/programs-programmes/definitions- eng.aspx#a22

Stead, L. (2005). The Emotional Wardrobe: A fashion Perspective on the Integration of Technology and Clothing. PhD thesis, University of the Arts London.

Stovel, K., & Koski-Karell, D. (2015). Narrative Networks. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (pp. 211–217). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08- 097086-8.10450-7

Tomico, O., & Wilde, D. (2016). Soft, embodied, situated and connected: Enriching interactions with soft wearables. The Journal of Mobile User Experience, 5(3). https://doi. org/10.1186/s13678-016-0006-z

Üngör, U. Ü. (2012). Orphans, Converts, and Prostitutes: Social Consequences of War and Persecution in the Ottoman Empire, 1914–1923. War in History, 19(2), 173–192. https://doi.org/10.1177/0968344511430579

UNESCO. (2003). Text of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Retrieved from: https://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/en/convention#art2
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top