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BIM-Based Seismic Loss Assessment for Instrumented Buildings


BIM-Based Seismic Loss Assessment for Instrumented Buildings

Bahmanoo, Sam (2021) BIM-Based Seismic Loss Assessment for Instrumented Buildings. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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A look at the most devastating earthquakes ever reported, emphasizes the essentiality of forecasting earthquake-induced loss of buildings with predictable seismic performances. This perspective is mostly adopted in performance-based earthquake engineering (PBEE) loss assessment frameworks. The current generation of PBEE framework developed by the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research (PEER) center, PEER-PBEE (also known as FEMA P-58) is a state-of-the-art methodology among all the PBEE frameworks. It contains four stages of hazard analysis, structural analysis, damage analysis and loss analysis to predict the seismic loss estimation of buildings in terms of repair cost, downtime, and other decision variables. However, despite its numerous advantages, the quality of the PEER-PBEE framework can significantly be affected due to considerable sources of uncertainties. Lack of actual structural performance characteristics (structural analysis) and ineffective details of building components (damage analysis) are the main reasons identified by the previous studies to the incorporated uncertainties. Moreover, some attempts have been made before to employ innovative technologies such as seismic instrumentation and integrated BIM tools to tackle the associated uncertainties in structural and damage analysis, respectively. However, yet, no comprehensive systematic methodology has been dedicated to the full engagement of seismic instrumentation and integrated BIM tools in PBEE-based loss assessment frameworks. This objective of the thesis is to develop a systematic methodology to address the limitations associated with PEER-PBEE loss assessment framework by adopting innovative technologies such as seismic instrumentation of buildings and integrated BIM tools. For this purpose, a workflow of seismic loss estimation is developed for buildings with three main steps, including: (1) the measurement of structural dynamic response throughout an ambient vibration test and subsequent output-only system identification (SI), (2) experimental structural analysis by both the model-based and nonmodel-based approaches (3) automated seismic loss analysis through the developed Application Programming Interface (API) tool in BIM platform (based on FEMA P-58 framework). Moreover, the full functionality of the proposed methodology is validated through a real case study located in Montreal, Canada.
Consequently, this study demonstrates the added values of the systematic utilization of seismic instrumentation as well as BIM-based API technology in seismic vulnerability assessment of buildings, which leads to a better interpretation of loss consequence predictions and subsequent decision-making process in disastrous situations.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Bahmanoo, Sam
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Civil Engineering
Date:31 August 2021
Thesis Supervisor(s):Bagchi, Ashutosh
Keywords:Building Information Modeling (BIM), Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), FEMA P-58, seismic loss assessment, loss visualization, API, Dynamo
ID Code:988984
Deposited By: Sam Bahmanoo
Deposited On:29 Nov 2021 16:25
Last Modified:31 Aug 2023 00:00


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