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Development of Heuristic Model-Based Predictive Control Strategies for an Institutional Net-Zero Energy Building


Development of Heuristic Model-Based Predictive Control Strategies for an Institutional Net-Zero Energy Building

Jalilov, Emil (2021) Development of Heuristic Model-Based Predictive Control Strategies for an Institutional Net-Zero Energy Building. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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This thesis presents the development of heuristic model-based predictive control strategies for an institutional NZEB building archetype with the Varennes Library selected as a case study. A heuristic model-based predictive control strategy is applied to a radiant floor heating system. Depending on anticipated weather scenarios, developed near-optimal heating temperature setpoint profiles are selected. A generalized methodology for building energy model development to be used by model predictive control (MPC), demonstrating a step-by-step approach of more details addition to the model, is presented. The resulting explicit finite difference 10th order lumped parameter resistance-capacitance (RC) thermal network model is used to describe the dynamic behaviour of the building. The selected model is validated using on-site measurements.
The thesis then develops an approach for generalizing the heuristic predictive control strategies. The proposed strategy showed the possibility of 25% energy saving on an extremely cold sunny day. Another strategy emphasizing energy flexibility displaces nearly 100 % of heating power during the morning peak and approximately 80% of the heating power during the evening peak demand event once the one-day ahead notification from the utility is received. Acceptable indoor thermal conditions recommended by ASHRAE Standard 55 are maintained under proposed strategies.
Finally, the thesis analyzes the building-integrated photovoltaic/thermal (BIPV/T) system installed in the library as a potential solution to increase energy flexibility and energy efficiency, proposes subsystem data-driven control-oriented model development and evaluates the possible enhancements of the installed system both in terms of design and control perspective.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Jalilov, Emil
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Building Engineering
Date:11 November 2021
Thesis Supervisor(s):Athienitis, Andreas
Keywords:Net Zero Energy Building, Energy Flexibility, Energy Efficiency, Control-oriented modelling, BIPV/T
ID Code:990004
Deposited By: Emil Jalilov
Deposited On:16 Jun 2022 14:45
Last Modified:16 Jun 2022 14:45


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