Login | Register

Multihazard Performance-Based Assessment of Multi-Storey Steel Braced Frame Buildings


Multihazard Performance-Based Assessment of Multi-Storey Steel Braced Frame Buildings

Dakour, Mohamad (2022) Multihazard Performance-Based Assessment of Multi-Storey Steel Braced Frame Buildings. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

[thumbnail of Dakour_MASc_S2022.pdf]
Text (application/pdf)
Dakour_MASc_S2022.pdf - Accepted Version


Seismic codes have evolved to the point that allows integrating Structural System Reliability of buildings into the seismic analysis by limiting the building damage under earthquake input, while keeping a reasonable margin of safety. However, wind design following the major international standards, including the National Building Code of Canada, remains prescriptive and overall conservative.
Current wind design uses the first significant yielding of a structural member as a strength limit state and does not explore nonlinearity beyond the design level, neither accounts for the inherent system overstrength. In other words, it does not explore the wind response of the lateral force resisting system (LFRS) from yielding to the system’s failure mechanism. For a building located in a seismic region, the LFRS has well-detailed ductile fusses that are allowed to yield under seismic loads and dissipate energy through hysteresis but are required to respond elastically under wind load. Further, the return period for the seismic and wind loads are not compatible in the building codes; hence, at design level, the seismic hazard is associated to 2500-year return period and the wind hazard (ultimate limit state) to 500-year return period.
This research presents a multihazard assessment of two multi-storey concentrically braced frame (CBF) buildings located in Montreal, Quebec, where both wind and earthquake load are critical. The collapse margin safety under earthquake load is conducted according to FEMA P695 (2009) procedure and the wind reliability criterion is verified as per the ASCE PBWD (2019) pre-standard methodology.
In this study, the nonlinear dynamic response of the LFRSs of studied buildings was analyzed to different seismic and wind hazard levels using two-dimensional numerical models developed in the OpenSees framework. Then, these models were independently subjected to a set of seven artificial ground motions and aerodynamic data derived from the Tokyo Polytechnic University (TPU) aerodynamic database. Using data from seismic and wind Incremental Dynamic Analyses (IDA), the fragility curves were constructed and the failure mechanisms of multi-storey Concentrically Braced Frames (CBF) under wind and earthquake was identified. The progressive development of dynamic response from yielding to collapse is also discussed.
The study concluded that more flexibility could be permitted to wind design by accounting for the inherent structural overstrength and limited ductility, while challenging aspects may still arise due to inherent differences between earthquake and wind loads.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Dakour, Mohamad
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Civil Engineering
Date:5 April 2022
Thesis Supervisor(s):Tirca, Lucia and Stathopoulos, Theodore
ID Code:990512
Deposited By: Mohamad Dakour
Deposited On:16 Jun 2022 14:33
Last Modified:16 Jun 2022 14:33


Aguero, A., Izvernari, C., & Tremblay, R. (2006). "Modelling of the Seismic Response of Concentrically Braced Steel Frames Using the OpenSees Analysis Environment". International Journal of Advanced Steel Construction, 2, 242-274.
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). (2012). Wind Tunnel Testing for Buildings and Other Structures.
ASCE. (2019). "Prestandard for Performance-Based Wind Design". Reston, Virginia: ASCE/SEI.
Aswegan, K., Larsen, R., Klemencic, R., Hooper, J., & Hasselbauer, J. (2017, April 6-8). "Performance-Based Wind and Seismic Engineering: Benefits of Considering Multiple Hazards". Structures Congress, 473-484.
Athanasiou, A., Dakour, M., Pejmanfar, S., Tirca, L., & Stathopoulos, T. (2022,a). "Multihazard performance-based assessment framework for multi-story steel buildings". ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering, 148(6), 04022054.
Athanasiou, A., Tirca, L., & Stathopoulos, T. (2020). "Discussion Paper on Performance-Based Wind-Resistant Optimization Design for Tall Building Structures” by Deng et al.(2019)". Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, 146(8).
Athanasiou, A., Tirca, L., & Stathopoulos, T. (2022,b). "Nonlinear wind and earthquake loads on tall steel-braced frame buildings". ASCE, Journal of Structural Engineering, in press.
Bezabeh, M. A., Bitsuamlak, G. T., & Tesfamariam, S. (2020). "Performance-based wind design of tall buildings: Concepts, frameworks, and opportunities". WIND AND STRUCTURES, 31(2), 103-142.
Chuang, W.-C., & Spence, S. M. (2017). "A performance-based design framework for the integrated collapse and non-collapse assessment of wind excited buildings". Engineering Structures, 150, 746–758.
Ciampoli, M., Petrini, F., & Augusti, G. (2011). "Performance-Based Wind Engineering: Towards a general procedure". Structural Safety, 33, 367–378.
Cornell, C. A., & Krawinkler, H. (2000). "Progress and Challenges in Seismic Performance Assessment". PEER Center News, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA.
CSI ETABS. (2018). Integrated Analysis and Design of Building Systems, Computers & Structures Inc.US.
Der Kiureghian, A. (2006, July 10-12). "Structural system reliability, revisited". Proceedings, 3rd ASRANet International Colloquium, Glasgow, UK.
Duthinh, D., & Simiu, E. (2010, MARCH). "Safety of Structures in Strong Winds and Earthquakes: Multihazard Considerations". Journal of Structural Engineering © ASCE, 136(3), 330-333.
EL Damatty, A. A., & Elezaby, F. (2018, August 27 - 31). "The integration of wind and structural engineering". The 2018 World Congress on Advances in Civil, Environmental, & Materials Research (ACEM18).
Ellingwood, B. R., Rosowsky, D. V., Li, Y., & Kim, J. H. (2004, December). "Fragility Assessment of Light-Frame Wood Construction Subjected to Wind and Earthquake Hazards". Journal of Structural Engineering © ASCE, 130(12), 1921-1930.
Fajfar, P., & Krawinkler, H. (2004, September). "PERFORMANCE-BASED SEISMIC DESIGN CONCEPTS AND IMPLEMENTATION". PEER Report 2004/05, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). (2009). “Quantification of Building Seismic Performance Factors.” FEMA P695, Washington, D.C.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). (2012, 2018). "Seismic performance 754 assessment of buildings". Volume 1. FEMA P58-1. Washington, D.C.
Fisher, J. W., Kulak, G. L., & Smith, I. F. (1997). 'A Fatigue Primer for Structural Engineers'. Advanced Technologies for Large Structural Systems (ATLSS), Lehigh University; Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USA.
Griffis, L., Patel, V., Muthukumar, S., & Baldava, S. (2012). "A Framework for Performance-based Wind Engineering". ATC & SEI Conference on Advances in Hurricane Engineering.
Hsiao, P.-C., Lehman, D. E., & Roeder, C. W. (2012). "Improved analytical model for special concentrically braced frames". Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 73, 80–94.
Hsiao, P.-C., Lehman, D. E., & Roeder, C. W. (2013). "A model to simulate special concentrically braced frames beyond brace fracture". EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING & STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS, 42, 183–200.
Jeong, S. Y., Alinejad, H., & Kang, T. H.-K. (2021). "Performance-Based Wind Design of High-Rise Buildings Using Generated Time-History Wind Loads". Journal of Structural Engineering, 147(9), 04021134.
Judd, J. P. (2018). "Windstorm Resilience of a 10-Story Steel Frame Office Building". ASCE-ASME J. Risk Uncertainty Eng. Syst., Part A: Civ. Eng, 4(3), 04018020.
KANG, Y.-J., & WEN, Y.-K. (2000). "Minimum Life-Cycle Cost Structural Design Against Natural Hazards". Structural Research Series 629, University of Illinois.
Kleingesinds, S., Lavan, O., & Venanzi, I. (2021). "Life-cycle cost-based optimization of MTMDs for tall buildings under multiple hazards". Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, 17(2), 921–940.
Li, Y., & Ellingwood, B. R. (2009, FEBRUARY). "Framework for Multihazard Risk Assessment and Mitigation for Wood-Frame Residential Construction". Journal of Structural Engineering © ASCE, 135(2), 159-168.
Lignos, D. G., & Karamanci, E. (2013, March 1-2). "PREDICTIVE EQUATIONS FOR MODELING CYCLIC BUCKLING AND FRACTURE OF STEEL BRACES". 10th International Conference on Urban Earthquake Engineering.
Lindt, J. W., & Dao, T. N. (2009, FEBRUARY). "Performance-Based Wind Engineering for Wood-Frame Buildings". JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING © ASCE, 135(2), 169-177.
Mahmoud, H., & Cheng, G. (2017). "Framework for Lifecycle Cost Assessment of Steel Buildings under Seismic and Wind Hazards". Journal of Structural Engineering, 143(3), 04016186.
Matsuishi, M., & Endo, T. (1968). "Fatigue of metals subjected to varying stress". Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fukuoka, Japan, 68(2), 37- 40.
Mohammadi, A. (2016). "Wind Performance Based Design for High-Rise Buildings". Doctoral dissertation, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Florida International University , FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3032. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/etd/3032.
Mohammadi, A., Azizinamini, A., Griffis, L., & Irwin, P. (2019). "Performance Assessment of an Existing 47-Story High-Rise Building under Extreme Wind Loads". Journal of Structural Engineering, 145(1), 04018232.
National Research Council of Canada. (2015). National Building Code of Canada (NBC) and User’s Guide – NBC 2015 Structural Commentaries (Part 4 of Division B), 2015, ON.
Nikellis, A., Sett, K., & Whittaker, A. S. (2019). "Multihazard Design and Cost-Benefit Analysis of Buildings with Special Moment–Resisting Steel Frames". Journal of Structural Engineering, 145(5), 04019031.
PEER, Pacific Earthquake Eng. Research Center. (2015). Open systems for earthquake engineering simulation (OpenSees).
Petrini, F., Ciampoli, M., & Augusti, G. (2009, July 19–23). "A probabilistic framework for Performance-Based Wind Engineering". 5th European & African Conference on Wind Engineering.
Petrini, F., Gkoumas, K., Rossi, C., & Bontempi, F. (2020). "Multi-Hazard Assessment of Bridges in Case of Hazard Chain: State of Play and Application to Vehicle-Pier Collision Followed by Fire". Frontiers in Built Environment, 6, 580854.
Porter, K. A. (2003, July 6-9). "An Overview of PEER’s Performance-Based Earthquake Engineering Methodology". Ninth International Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Civil Engineering (ICASP9).
Song, J., Kang, W.-H., Lee, Y.-J., & Chun, J. (2021). "Structural System Reliability: Overview of Theories and Applications to Optimization". ASCE-ASME J. Risk Uncertainty Eng. Syst., Part A: Civ. Eng., 7(2), 03121001.
Spence, S. M., & Kareem, A. (2014). "Performance-based design and optimization of uncertain wind-excited dynamic building systems". Engineering Structures, 78, 133–144.
Suksuwan, A., & Spence, S. M. (2018). "Performance-based multi-hazard topology optimization of wind and seismically excited structural systems". Engineering Structures, 172, 573–588.
Tirca, L., Chenb, L., & Tremblay, R. (2015). "Assessing collapse safety of CBF buildings subjected to crustal and subduction earthquakes". Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 115, 47–61.
Tirca1, L., & Chen, L. (2014). "NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF INELASTIC CYCLIC RESPONSE OF HSS BRACES UPON FRACTURE". Advanced Steel Construction, 10(4), 442-462.
Tokyo Polytechnic Aerodynamic Database TPU. (2021). Retrieved from TPU: http://wind.arch.t-kougei.ac.jp/system/eng/contents/code/tpu
TRIFUNAC, M. D., & BRADY, A. G. (1975). "A Study on the Duration of Strong Earthquake Ground Motion". Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 65(3), 581-626.
Uriz, P. (2005). "Towards Earthquake Resistant Design of Concentrically Braced Steel Buildings". Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.
Uriz, P., & Mahin, S. A. (2008, NOVEMBER). "Toward Earthquake-Resistant Design of Concentrically Braced Steel-Frame Structures". PACIFIC EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER (PEER). University of California, Berkeley.
Vamvatsikos, D., & Cornell, C. A. (2002). "Incremental dynamic analysis". EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS, 31, 491–514.
Venanzi, I., Lavan, O., Ierimonti, L., & Fabrizi, S. (2018). "Multi-hazard loss analysis of tall buildings under wind and seismic loads". Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, 14(10), 1295–1311.
Yang, F., & and Mahin, S. A. (2005). "Limiting Net Section Failure in Slotted HSS Braces". Structural Steel Education Council, Moraga, CA.
Zaghi, A. E., Padgett, J. E., Bruneau, M., Barbato, M., Li, Y., Mitrani-Reiser, J., & McBride, A. (2016). "Establishing Common Nomenclature, Characterizing the Problem, and Identifying Future Opportunities in Multihazard Design". Journal of Structural Engineering, 142(12), H2516001.
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top