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Evaluation of human thermal response and building resilience to extreme heat events


Evaluation of human thermal response and building resilience to extreme heat events

Ji, Lili (2022) Evaluation of human thermal response and building resilience to extreme heat events. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Under the current and potential impact of climate change, there is a growing concern about extreme heat events and their challenges to human health and building resilience. The indoor heat-stress situation relates to the interaction of outdoor extreme heat events, building characteristics, and occupants’ vulnerability. The high heat-related mortality rate of older people (aged 65+) and the trend of the population aging worldwide indicate the significant importance of evaluating and predicting heat-stress conditions for older people. Building thermal resilience determines the ability to tolerate extreme heat events and maintain or recover indoor comfort. Models of the relation between outdoor extreme weather data, indoor environment parameters, and human physiological responses are still needed to predict the consequences of global warming. Therefore, this research aims to evaluate building occupants’ thermal response and quantify building thermal resilience against extreme heat events. The Bioheat models applicable to calculating young and older adults’ physiological responses under hot exposure were developed. The validation study shows that the simulation results of the proposed models agree well with the published experimental data. The heat-stress index Standard Effective Temperature (SET) can be calculated based on the proposed Bioheat models and used in the selection of extreme hot years (EHY) and quantification of building thermal resilience. The EHY was selected by quantifying the degree of synchronization between outdoor heatwave events and building indoor overheating conditions based on the concept of POS (Percentage of Synchronization). It has been proved that in building overheating-centric studies, the EHYs should be selected according to the severity and intensity of heatwaves defined by SET. A new quantification framework for building thermal resilience against extreme heat events was developed. The framework includes the conceptual resilience trapezoid curve, Thermal Resilience Index (TRI), and resilience labelling system for zone level and building level resilience. The proposed framework has been implemented in a calibrated building model to quantify the building thermal resilience with different retrofit strategies. With this method, the effect of retrofit strategies and their combinations on the building and zonal thermal resilience can be quantified, labelled, and compared, thereby, a detailed design of resilience enhancement strategies to be achieved. The contributions of the thesis include validated new models and methods to quantify human thermal responses and building resilience to extreme heat events. These new methods and models contribute potentially significant impacts to the research under different climate zones and future climates covering from a single building to large scales to quantify community or city scale resilience to heat.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Ji, Lili
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Building Engineering
Date:28 October 2022
Thesis Supervisor(s):Wang, (Leon) Liangzhu and Laouadi, Abdelaziz
ID Code:991752
Deposited By: Lili Ji
Deposited On:21 Jun 2023 14:35
Last Modified:21 Jun 2023 14:35
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