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Psychosocial working conditions and the utilization of health care services

Title:

Psychosocial working conditions and the utilization of health care services

Azagba, Sunday and Sharaf, Mesbah F (2011) Psychosocial working conditions and the utilization of health care services. BMC Public Health, 11 (1). p. 642. ISSN 1471-2458

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-642

Abstract

Background
While there is considerable theoretical and empirical evidence on how job stress affects physical and mental health, few studies have examined the association between job related stress and health care utilization. Using data from the Canadian National Population Health Survey from 2000 to 2008, this paper examines the association between stressful working conditions, as measured by the job strain model, and the utilization of health care services.

Methods
A zero inflated negative binomial regression is used to examine the excess health care utilization due to job strain. Separate regressions are estimated for both males and females since studies have shown gender differences in health care utilization.

Results
Estimates for the whole population show that high or medium job strain has a positive and statistically significant association with the number of visits to both a general practitioner (GP) and a specialist (SP). On average, the number of GP visits is up to 26% more (IRR = 1.26, 95% CI = 1.19-1.31) for individuals with high strain jobs compared to those in the low job strain category. Similarly, SP visits are up to 27% more (IRR = 1.27, 95% CI = 1.14-142) for the high strain category. Results are quantitatively similar for males and females, save for medium strain. In general, findings are robust to the inclusion of workplace social support, health status, provincial and occupational-fixed effects.

Conclusion
Job strain may be positively associated with the utilization of health care services. This suggests that improving psychosocial working conditions and educating workers on stress-coping mechanisms could be beneficial for the physical and mental health of workers.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Economics
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Azagba, Sunday and Sharaf, Mesbah F
Journal or Publication:BMC Public Health
Date:2011
Funders:
  • Concordia Open Access Author Fund
ID Code:36198
Deposited By:ANDREA MURRAY
Deposited On:16 Dec 2011 14:49
Last Modified:09 Aug 2012 15:13
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