Spectrum is Concordia’s research repository where Concordia authors can deposit a digital copy
of their research publications. Anyone in the world with access to the Web can visit Spectrum and read the
publications. Authors may deposit copies of research articles, conference papers, book chapters, images, PowerPoint
presentations, or other materials that reflect research activity. Most journal publishers allow deposit of a copy of
an article in a repository. Doing so increases readership and will likely result in more impact for Concordia
Each publication stored in Spectrum will have its own lasting web address. Spectrum is regularly crawled by Google and Google Scholar, so work will be findable in these search engines.
Research repositories benefit faculty members by bringing about broader dissemination, increased use and enhanced
professional visibility of their scholarly research.
When work reaches a wider audience, it often leads to an increase in citations. According to Peter Suber, open access to research publications increases the audience for a work far beyond the audience of any priced journal, even the most prestigious or popular journal. Studies in many fields show a correlation between open access and citation-count increases from 50% to 250%. See http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html
Spectrum provides download statistics for each item. At the bottom of the page for each and every item, Spectrum shows how many times the full-text document has been downloaded.
Spectrum is a repository for research produced by Concordia researchers. Published and peer-reviewed materials can be
deposited. Additionally, Concordia theses and dissertations are housed in Spectrum. Research publications
by students may also be considered for deposit.
A Concordia NetName is required to deposit publications in Spectrum.
Spectrum is a record of research activity. It is a venue for journal articles, conference papers or presentations
and other scholarly creations. Spectrum’s software can support a variety of digital file formats. Word
documents, PDFs, PowerPoint presentations, images and media files may be deposited. Questions about what can be
deposited in Spectrum may be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org
Spectrum’s software is designed for authors to deposit their work by uploading the document itself to the
repository and filling out a form with basic information about the publication. The deposit process can be completed
in minutes. It is possible for a departmental, graduate or research assistant with a Concordia NetName to deposit on
an author’s behalf. The Library can assist as well. Once research material has been deposited, a
verification process by Spectrum editors ensures the accuracy of the publication information.
Any scholarly material can be deposited in Spectrum. It may be easier to begin with more recent research.
Since Spectrum is a digital repository, electronic versions of articles and other publications must be uploaded.
Contact Spectrum (email@example.com) to discuss the
deposit of a print version of a publication.
File size limitations and recommended file formats for preservation and
the Spectrum Guidelines.
Publications can be deposited in multiple repositories.
What if it’s already on a web page?
Spectrum does not replace personal homepages, but deposit within the repository has advantages over homepages. For example, unless an author controls the website, there is no guarantee that it will be available in the future. There is no need to remove work from an existing website. Depositing a copy of a paper in Spectrum creates an additional access point. A link to an existing web site can be inserted in Spectrum. During the submission process, add the URL in the "Additional URLs" field.
What if it’s already in an OA archive such as “arXiv.org”?
It is very easy to obtain a publication that has already been deposited in an open access archive and then deposit it again into Spectrum.
Check the publisher’s policy on self-archiving at the SHERPA/RoMEO website:
SHERPA/RoMEO allows authors to search by publisher name, journal name or ISSN. The website gives precise information about self-archiving (which copy to deposit, existence of an embargo period or not, compliance with open access funder mandates, etc.). SHERPA/RoMEO assigns a colour code to the different types of self-archiving policies:
can archive pre-print and post-print
can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing)
can archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing)
archiving not formally supported
Authors are encouraged to write to the publisher and request flexibility in self-archiving. Often, a publisher will
give permission to deposit in a repository.
Before publishing an article, the SPARC Author’s Addendum is a useful tool to help secure an author’s rights:
Depositing authors are responsible for ensuring that they have permission to deposit a research article in Spectrum,
including ensuring that co-authors allow the deposit.
Concordia University does not claim copyright on anything deposited in Spectrum.
Authors who deposit in Spectrum agree to make the work available under the default Spectrum Terms of Access or one of the Creative Commons licenses.
Depositing authors agree to grant the University a non-exclusive right to the work available online. Spectrum is a mechanism for
disseminating the work of Concordia authors. Much of the work that will be deposited in Spectrum will have already
been published elsewhere. Spectrum is an additional venue for making work accessible on the Web.
If an author has transferred copyright to the journal publisher at the time of publication the author will need to determine if the publisher allows deposit in a repository. Use SHERPA/RoMEO’s service (http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/).
Anything deposited in Spectrum is for personal research or study use only.
Research will be accessible to people at institutions whose libraries may not have subscriptions to all journals in which Concordia authors have been published. Readers will find work in Spectrum when they search Google, Google Scholar or when they visit Spectrum directly. The material deposited in Spectrum will be downloaded, printed, read, used, cited and discussed in the same way as material that is published in journal articles or on a web site.
Deposit of a work in Spectrum entails agreement to the terms of the Concordia University Research Repository Non-Exclusive License. When depositing a Concordia thesis, the graduate student agrees to the Concordia University Research Repository "Spectrum" Non-Exclusive License for Electronic Theses. Further information on this topic can be found at the Copyright Guide for Thesis preparation.
Yes. If an author holds sufficient copyright for the item being deposited in Spectrum, a Creative Commons license can be selected. This is entirely optional. Creative Commons licenses explain to readers and users of the work what uses are permitted.
When work is deposited in Spectrum it will be on an official Concordia website, and the name and institutional
affiliation will be prominent. The date and time the work was deposited will be visible; authorship of an
article or idea is date stamped. Spectrum increases access to research. Work that is widely available is cited
more than work which is published only in subscription-based sources.
This disclaimer appears in each Spectrum record:
“All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.”
Spectrum preserves research material and will maintain backup copies for security and preservation. Formats may be migrated, but the content will not change.
The University is committed to providing ongoing access to and preservation of the digital publications contained in Spectrum.
Contact Spectrum at firstname.lastname@example.org.