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Analyses of biodynamic responses of seated occupants to uncorrelated fore-aft and vertical whole-body vibration

Title:

Analyses of biodynamic responses of seated occupants to uncorrelated fore-aft and vertical whole-body vibration

Mandapuram, Santosh and Rakheja, Subhash and Marcotte, Pierre and Boileau, Paul-Émile (2011) Analyses of biodynamic responses of seated occupants to uncorrelated fore-aft and vertical whole-body vibration. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 330 (16). pp. 4064-4079. ISSN 0022460X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2011.04.003

Abstract

The apparent mass and seat-to-head-transmissibility response functions of the seated human body were investigated under exposures to fore-aft (x), vertical (z), and combined fore-aft and vertical (x and z) axis whole-body vibration. The coupling effects of dual-axis vibration were investigated using two different frequency response function estimators based upon the cross- and auto-spectral densities of the response and excitation signals, denoted as H1 and Hv estimators, respectively. The experiments were performed to measure the biodynamic responses to single and uncorrelated dual-axis vibration, and to study the effects of hands support, back support and vibration magnitude on the body interactions with the seatpan and the backrest, characterized in terms of apparent masses and the vibration transmitted to the head. The data were acquired with 9 subjects exposed to two different magnitudes of vibration applied along the individual x- and z-axis (0.25 and 0.4 m/s2 rms), and along both the axis (0.28 and 0.4 m/s2 rms along each axis) in the 0.5–20 Hz frequency range. The two methods resulted in identical single-axis responses but considerably different dual-axis responses. The dual-axis responses derived from the Hv estimator revealed notable effects of dual-axis vibration, as they comprised both the direct and cross-axis responses observed under single axis vibration. Such effect, termed as the coupling effect, was not evident in the dual-axis responses derived using the commonly used H1 estimator. The results also revealed significant effects of hands and back support conditions on the coupling effects and the measured responses. The back support constrained the upper body movements and thus showed relatively weaker coupling compared to that observed in the responses without the back support. The effect of hand support was also pronounced under the fore-aft vibration. The results suggest that a better understanding of the seated human body responses to uncorrelated multi-axis whole-body vibration could be developed using the power-spectral-density based Hv estimator.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science > Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Mandapuram, Santosh and Rakheja, Subhash and Marcotte, Pierre and Boileau, Paul-Émile
Journal or Publication:Journal of Sound and Vibration
Date:2011
ID Code:36221
Deposited By:ANDREA MURRAY
Deposited On:20 Dec 2011 14:06
Last Modified:20 Dec 2011 14:06
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