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Contextual Typologies: Gambling Practices among University Students

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Contextual Typologies: Gambling Practices among University Students

Cote-Marcil, Marc-Antoine (2011) Contextual Typologies: Gambling Practices among University Students. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

In recent decades, research on gambling has largely focused on the description of gambling behaviours and problems, and on the psychological determinants of excessive behaviours (Aasved, 2003b). It is our contention that these conceptual orientations have ignored the role of the proximal social context as a significant determinant of gambling patterns and problems. In response to this limitation, we suggest conceptualizing gambling behaviours as social practices that are expressed and empirically observed in proximal contexts through a triad of dimensions including the type of activity, the relationship to gambling partners and the location. Given the scarcity of research on the social context of gambling, however, this contextual study of gambling is exploratory in nature. It aims primarily at identifying groups of gambling practices among university students and examining the association between the identified groups and related problems. These problems namely include gambling problems, alcohol and illicit drug use and psychological distress. The sample (N=861) was drawn from the University Student Gambling Habit Survey 2008 (ENHJEU), conducted among a representative sample of undergraduate students in three universities and three affiliated schools in Montreal, Canada. A multiple correspondence analysis was performed to generate groups of gambling patterns based on the combination of three characteristics of the gambling context including the activity, the gambling locations and the partners. The analysis revealed three groupings of activities and eight distinct groups of contexts. Three groups were found to be associated with problem gambling while none of the other risk-behaviours had any association. The discussion brings about the role of contexts in shaping gambling as collective social practices and the association between specific constellations of contextual factors and gambling problems. It concludes with a broader reflection on new approaches to comprehend gambling in the context of modernity.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Sociology and Anthropology
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Cote-Marcil, Marc-Antoine
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Program:Sociology
Date:06 December 2011
Thesis Supervisor(s):Kairouz, Sylvia
Keywords:Gambling Problem gambling University Students Multiple Correspondence Analysis
ID Code:36280
Deposited By:MARC-ANTOINE COTE-MARCIL
Deposited On:19 Jun 2012 15:25
Last Modified:19 Jun 2012 15:25
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