Harding-Jones, Celyn M. (2010) Souvenirs of a Forgotten Highway. Masters thesis, Concordia University.
- Accepted Version
Souvenirs of a Forgotten Highway contributes to the tradition of Western literature by depicting contemporary people struggling to find balance in the extreme desert landscape; they are beset by the consequences of the rise, fall and sustenance of the Cowboy myth. The novella is inspired from personal experiences living in the Sonoran desert, and encouraged by Jack Spicer’s Billy the Kid and B.P. Nichol’s The True Eventual Story of Billy the Kid. Just as William Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury is haunted by the Old South, my characters are tormented by whispers of Owen Wister’s The Virginian and Theodore Roosevelt’s Frontier myth. Cormac McCarthy’s modern take on the West’s violent past in Blood Meridian cannot be escaped. Provoked by Michael Ondaatje’s fragmented form in The Collected Works of Billy the Kid, my thesis collects various storytelling techniques such as rumours, TV guide schedules, real crimes, and Native American tales mirroring the historical influence the West has had on literature, and the effect literature had on creating the Cowboy myth.
Set in a hamlet in rural Arizona, nine year-old Christina is trapped in wide-open spaces, and attempts a dangerous escape. Maria, her mother, is isolated, sun-beaten, and holed-up her trailer. Sam is perpetually overwhelmed with the long list of lives he must “fix”. Lucy faces bringing a baby into a dysfunctional world. Jerome finds that he has run out of space to hide in, tormented by his urge to run and a troubled past. Even the rain is rejected by the desert, creating disaster for those who live in it.
|Divisions:||Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > English|
|Item Type:||Thesis (Masters)|
|Authors:||Harding-Jones, Celyn M.|
|Thesis Supervisor(s):||Queyras, Sina|
|Keywords:||Novella, Southwest Fiction, Western Novel,|
|Deposited By:||CELYN HARDING-JONES|
|Deposited On:||09 Jun 2011 15:04|
|Last Modified:||28 Jul 2015 19:55|
Anzaldua, Gloria. Borderlands/ La Frontera: The New Mestiza. San Francisco,
California: Aunt Lute Books, 2007.
Baylor, Byrd. The Desert is Theirs. New York, New York: Aladdin Paperbacks, 1975.
Bethell, Kathleen I. “Reading Billy: memory, time and subjectivity in The Collected Works of Billy the Kid”. Studies in Canadian Literature 28.1 (Winter 2003): pg 71.
Borges, Jorge Luis. “The Disinterested Killer Bill Harrigan”. Collected Fictions. transl. Andrew Hurley. Toronto, Ontario: Penguin Books Canada, 1999.
rewton, Vince. “The Changing Landscape of Violence in Cormac McCarthy’s Early Novels and the Border Trilogy”. The Southern Literary Journal, Vol. 37, No. 1 (Fall, 2004), pp. 121-143. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press. March 17, 2009. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/20078400>.
Brown, Richard Maxwell. “Western Violence: Structure, Values, Myth”. The Western Historical Quarterly, Vol. 24, No 1 (Feb., 1993), pp. 5-20. Western Historical Quarterly, Utah State University. March 17, 2009. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/970005>.
Butler, Judith. “Merely Cultural.” New Left Review 227 (1998): 33-44.
Calder, Jenni. There Must Be a Lone Ranger: The American West in Film and in Reality. New York: Taplinger, 1974.
Cant, John. Cormac McCarthy and the Myth of American Exceptionalism. New York: Routeledge, 2008.
Cisneros, Sandra. Woman Hollering Creek and Other Stories. New York, New York: Vintage Contemporaries, 1992.
Clark Mitchell, Lee. Westerns: Making the Man in Fiction and Film. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Ellis, Jay. “What Happens to Country in Blood Meridian”. Rocky Mountain Review of Language and Literature, Vol. 60, No 1 (2006), pp. 85-97. Rocky Mountain Language Association. March 17, 2009. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/4143880>.
Faulkner, William. The Sound and the Fury. New York, New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1994.
Folsom, James K (ed). The Western: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc, 1979.
Freedman, Russel. The Life and Death of Crazy Horse. Toronto, Ontario: Scholastic, Inc, 1996.
French, Philip. Westerns: Aspects of a Movie Genre. New York, New York: Viking, 1973.
Kollin, Susan. “Genre and the Geography of Violence: Cormac McCarthy and the Contemporary Western”. Contemporary Literature, Vol. 42, No. 3 (Autumn, 2001), pp. 557-588. University of Wisconsin Press. March 1, 2009.
Limerick, Patricia. Legacy of Conquest: The Unbroken Past of the American West. New York: Norton, 1987.
McCarthy, Cormac. Blood Meridian or the Evening Redness in the West. New York: Vintage 1992.
---. All the Pretty Horses. New York, New York: Vintage International,
---. Cities of the Plain. New York, New York: Vintage International, 1999.
McClure, Michael. The Sermons of Jean Harlow & the Curses of Billy the Kid. San Francisco, California: Four Seasons Foundation, 1968.
McVeigh, Stephen. The American Western. Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press, 2007.
Mullin, Robert N & Charles E. Welch, Jr. “Billy the Kid: The Making of a Hero”.
Western Folklore. Vol. 32. No. 2 (April 1973), pg 104-111. Western States Folklore
Society. March 6, 2009. <http:www.jstor.org/stable/1498322>.
Nichol, BP. The True Eventual Story of Billy the Kid. Toronto, Ontario: Weed/Flower Press, 1970.
Ondaatje, Michael. The Collected Works of Billy the Kid. Toronto, Ontario: Vintage Canada, 2008.
Owens, Barcley. Cormac McCarthy’s Western Novels. Tucson, Arizona: The University of Arizona Press, 2000.
Phillips, Dana. “History and the Ugly Facts of Cormac McCarthy’s Blood Meridian”. American Literature, Vol. 68, No. 2 (Jun., 1996), pp. 433-460. Duke University Press. March 17, 2009. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/2928305>.
Robinson, Forrest G. Having It Both Ways: Self-Subversion in Western Popular Classics. Albuquerque, New Mexico: U of New Mexico P, 1993.
Roosevelt, Theodore. The Winning of the West. ed. Christopher Lasch. New York, New York: Hastings House Publishers, 1963.
Sadler, Frank. “The Frontier in Jack Spicer’s ‘Billy the Kid.’” Concerning Poetry 9, No. 2 (Fall pg 15-21. Sourced in Poetry Criticism. Ed. Michelle Lee. Vol. 78. p235-368. Detroit, MI: Thomson Gale, 2007.
Shaw, Patrick W. The Modern American Novel of Violence. Troy, New York: The
Whitston Publishing Company, 2000.
Slotkin, Richard. Gunfighter Nation: The Myth of the Frontier in Twentieth Century. New York, New York: HarperPerennial, 1993.
---. “Nostalgia and Progress: Theodore Roosevelt’s Myth of the Frontier” American Quarterly, Vol. 33, No. 5, Special Issue: American Culture and the American Frontier (Winter, 1981), pp. 608-637. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press. March 18, 2009. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/2712805>.
---. “The Movie Western.” Updating the Literary West. Ed. Christina Bold. pp. 874-881. Fort Worth: Texas Christian UP, 1997.
Smith, Henry Nash. “Myth of the Garden and Turner’s Frontier Thesis”. Virgin Land: The American West as Symbol and Myth”. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970.
Spicer, Jack. Billy the Kid. Stinson Beach, California: Enkidu Surrogate Press, 1959.
Spinks, Lee. “Sense and Singularity: Reading Ondaatje’s The Collected Works of Billy the Kid”. Canadian Literature. Vancouver, British Columbia: Summer, 2008, Issue 197, pg. 62.
Turner, Frederick Jackson. The Frontier in American History. Henry Holt and Company of New York, 1921. March 1, 2009.<http://xroads.virginia.edu/~Hyper/TURNER>.
Watson, Sheila. The Double Hook. Toronto, Ontario: McClelland and Stewart, 1989.
Will, Barbara. “The Nervous Origins of the American Western”. American Literature, Vol. 70, No. 2 (Jun., 1998), pp. 293-316. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. March 1, 2009. <http:// www.jstor.org/stable/2902839> .
Wister, Owen. The Virginian: A Horseman of the Plains. 1902. New York: Signet, 1979.
White, G. Edward. The Eastern Establishment and the Western Experience: The West of Frederick Remington, Theodore Roosevelt, and Owen Wister”. New Haven and London, Yale University Press: 1968.
“Dinosaur Tracks and Dinosaur Poop”. Youtube Video. www.bigaveTV.com, August 21, 2008. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0W-_o8lNlE>.
Repository Staff Only: item control page