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The application of science to the management of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): integration across scales

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The application of science to the management of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): integration across scales

Armstrong, John D. and Grant, James W.A. and Forsgren, Harvey L. and Fausch, Kurt D. and DeGraaf, Richard M. and Fleming, Ian A. and Prowse, Terry D. and Schlosser, Isaac J. (1998) The application of science to the management of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): integration across scales. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 55 (S1). pp. 303-311. ISSN 0706-652X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/d98-014

Abstract

The need for integration across spatial and temporal scales in applying science to the management of Atlantic salmon is considered. The factors that are currently believed to affect the production of anadromous adult Atlantic salmon (synthesized from recent reviews) are arranged in a hierarchy in which any given process overrides those processes at lower levels. There is not a good correlation between levels in the process hierarchy and levels in hierarchies of scale. This demonstrates the importance of integrating across scales in identifying the optimum foci for targeting management action. It is not possible to generalize on the need for integration across scales within management plans. This is because of the complex ecology of salmon, the broad range of characteristics of the systems of which they are a part, and the fact that both local scale and broad scale management can have broad scale effects. Many uncertainties remain regarding the large-scale components of the ecology of salmon, the way that small-scale mechanisms interact with life histories, and the way that different factors interact to limit production of fish. When more is understood of these processes, it is likely that generalized rules might be developed to predict the management requirements for stream systems. In the meantime, it is essential that there is good integration among managers working at different scales and it is important that management systems operating at all spatial scales include high-calibre expertise to compensate for the present paucity of general rules.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Biology
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Armstrong, John D. and Grant, James W.A. and Forsgren, Harvey L. and Fausch, Kurt D. and DeGraaf, Richard M. and Fleming, Ian A. and Prowse, Terry D. and Schlosser, Isaac J.
Journal or Publication:Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Date:1998
ID Code:7549
Deposited By:DANIELLE DENNIE
Deposited On:10 May 2011 16:48
Last Modified:10 May 2011 16:48
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