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Advanced Carbon Fiber Composite Materials for Shielding and Antenna Applications

Title:

Advanced Carbon Fiber Composite Materials for Shielding and Antenna Applications

Mehdipour, Aidin (2011) Advanced Carbon Fiber Composite Materials for Shielding and Antenna Applications. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Due to the low weight, ease of fabrication, low cost, high stiffness, high thermal and electrical conductivity, advanced carbon fiber composite (CFC) material is one of the most desirable materials which have been considered recently in the aerospace, electronic, and infrastructure industry.
This thesis examines the use of CFC materials for electromagnetic field shielding and antenna applications. Using a suitable electromagnetic model of composite materials, we evaluate the shielding effectiveness (SE) and other EM properties of composites paying attention to antenna design. Analytical and simulation results are compared with experimental data. Two kinds of composite materials are investigated, namely reinforced continuous carbon-fiber (RCCF) composites and carbon nanotube (CNT) composites.
For analytical SE analysis of multilayer RCCF composites, the material shows anisotropic behavior along the direction of the fibers, and we employ the transmission matrix method in conjunction with the anisotropic properties of each layer. The shielding performance of composites is also experimentally investigated. In order to enhance the conductivity of an RCCF composite, a small volume fraction of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) is added to the RCCF material. We investigate the SE of the proposed MWCNT “nanocomposite” over a wide frequency band up to 26.5 GHz. The effect of aspect ratio on shielding performance is addressed as well. The effective conductivity of the nanocomposites was determined over the frequency range of interest.
The use of RCCF and single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) composite is investigated for building antennas, by replacing the metal with CFC. We use an RCCF composite to build resonant and wideband antennas. The effect of the conductivity tensor of RCCF composite on the antenna performance is addressed. We also study the performance of a microstrip patch antenna with the ground plane made of RCCF composite.
As one of the most highly-conductive composite materials, single wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) buckypapers are used to build composite antennas. A new fabrication method is proposed to print arbitrarily-shaped full-composite SWCNT antenna on any type of substrate. Various types of SWCNT antennas are fabricated for different antenna applications, namely UHF-RFID, WLAN, UWB, and mm-wave applications. Good agreement is observed between simulation and experimental results for all the aforementioned composite antennas.
Using the spectral domain method, the Green’s function is obtained for an infinitesimal HED on a dielectric slab over a CFC ground plane. Due to the high conductivity, CFCs are modeled using a surface impedance. The expressions for the electric field components are derived. The numerical integration details particularly dealing with low-converged tail of the integrand for fields at the air-dielectric interface are addressed. Numerical results based on this method compare well with results based on a time-domain finite integration technique. The effect of conductivity and anisotropy of the composite ground plane on electric field is investigated.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Mehdipour, Aidin
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Electrical and Computer Engineering
Date:16 May 2011
Thesis Supervisor(s):Sebak, Abdel R. and Trueman, Christopher W.
ID Code:7637
Deposited By:AIDIN MEHDIPOUR
Deposited On:09 May 2012 09:27
Last Modified:09 May 2012 09:27
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