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Bilingual beginnings as a lens for theory development: PRIMIR in focus

Title:

Bilingual beginnings as a lens for theory development: PRIMIR in focus

Curtin, Suzanne and Byers-Heinlein, Krista and Werker, Janet F. (2011) Bilingual beginnings as a lens for theory development: PRIMIR in focus. Journal of Phonetics . ISSN 00954470

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2010.12.002

Abstract

PRIMIR (Processing Rich Information from Multidimensional Interactive Representations; Werker & Curtin, 2005; Curtin & Werker, 2007) is a framework that encompasses the bidirectional relations between infant speech perception and the emergence of the lexicon. Here, we expand its mandate by considering infants growing up bilingual. We argue that, just like monolinguals, bilingual infants have access to rich information in the speech stream and by the end of their first year, they establish not only language-specific phonetic category representations, but also encode and represent both sub-phonetic and indexical detail. Perceptual biases, developmental level, and task demands work together to influence the level of detail used in any particular situation. In considering bilingual acquisition, we more fully elucidate what is meant by task demands, now understood both in terms of external demands imposed by the language situation, and internal demands imposed by the infant (e.g. different approaches to the same apparent task taken by infants from different backgrounds). In addition to the statistical learning mechanism previously described in PRIMIR, the necessity of a comparison-contrast mechanism is discussed. This refocusing of PRIMIR in the light of bilinguals more fully explicates the relationship between speech perception and word learning in all infants.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Curtin, Suzanne and Byers-Heinlein, Krista and Werker, Janet F.
Journal or Publication:Journal of Phonetics
Date:2011
Keywords:bilingualism,theoretical framework, infant speech development, word learning
ID Code:7763
Deposited By:LUIGINA VILENO
Deposited On:01 Aug 2011 14:06
Last Modified:28 Jan 2014 14:45
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