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Protein targeting to subcellular organelles via mRNA localization

Title:

Protein targeting to subcellular organelles via mRNA localization

Weis, Benjamin and Schleiff, Enrico and Zerges, William (2012) Protein targeting to subcellular organelles via mRNA localization. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research . ISSN 01674889

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamcr.2012.04.004

Abstract

Cells have complex membranous organelles for the compartmentalization and regulation of most intracellular processes. Organelle biogenesis and maintenance requires newly synthesized proteins, each of which needs to go from the ribosome translating its mRNA to the correct membrane for insertion or translocation to an organellar subcompartment. Decades of research have revealed how proteins are targeted to the correct organelle and translocated across one or more organelle membranes to the compartment where they function. The paradigm examples involve interactions between a peptide sequence in the protein, localization factors, and various membrane-embedded translocation machineries. Membrane translocation is either cotranslational or posttranslational depending on the protein and target organelle. Meanwhile, research in embryos, neurons and yeast revealed an alternative targeting mechanism in which the mRNA is localized and only then translated to synthesize the protein in the correct location. In these cases, the targeting information is encoded by cis-acting sequences in the mRNA (“Zipcodes”) that interact with localization factors and, in many cases, are transported by molecular motors on cytoskeletal filaments. Recently, evidence has been found for this “mRNA-based” mechanism in organelleproteintargeting to endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, and the photosynthetic membranes within chloroplasts. Here we review known and potential roles of mRNAlocalization in proteintargeting to and within organelles. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Protein Import and Quality Control in Mitochondria and Plastids.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Biology
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Weis, Benjamin and Schleiff, Enrico and Zerges, William
Journal or Publication:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research
Date:2012
ID Code:974923
Deposited By:ANDREA MURRAY
Deposited On:30 Oct 2012 12:32
Last Modified:30 Oct 2012 12:32
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