Ibeid, Sharif/M. J (2011) Enhancement of the submerged membrane electro-bioreactor (SMEBR) for nutrient removal and membrane fouling control. PhD thesis, Concordia University.
|PDF - Accepted Version|
Enhancement of the submerged membrane electro-bioreactor (SMEBR) for nutrient removal and membrane fouling control
Sharif Ibeid, Ph.D.
Concordia University, 2011
A submerged membrane electro bioreactor (SMEBR) to enhance effluent quality and to reduce membrane fouling was patented by Elektorowicz et al (2009). In this system, activated sludge biological treatment, membrane filtration and electrokinetics are working together in one hybrid unit. The first objective of this research aimed to remove the major unwanted nutrients (Phosphorus and Nitrogen) in addition to the carbon in one single electro-bioreactor unit. The second objective was to investigate the relationship between the electrical input parameters (voltage gradient, current density and exposure mode) on sludge characteristics and therefore membrane fouling. This study consists of three phases: Phase 1 (batch tests), Phase 2 (lab-scale continuous flow) and Phase 3 (pilot-scale continuous flow). The results showed that the direct current (DC) field of medium current density (15 to 25 A/m2) has the potential to substantially improve sludge characteristics in terms of better dewaterability and high removal of soluble microbial products (SMP) and organic colloids. However, the electrical inputs should be selected based on the concentration of the mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS). Subsequently, a high reduction of membrane fouling was obtained. The degree of membrane fouling reduction was ranging between 1 to 5 times based on the concentration of soluble microbial products (SMP) and the volatile suspended solids (VSS). This study demonstrated substantial removal efficiencies of nutrients up to more than 95% for carbon, 99% for phosphorus and 97% for nitrogen. However, the removal efficiency of nitrogen was found to be highly influenced by the temperature and the C/N ratio. High temperature (> 18º C) and high concentration of carbon in the influent wastewater led to a better removal efficiency of nitrogen. SMEBR showed outstanding results that make it a promising technology that can reduce fouling and remove all major macro nutrients at high efficiency in one single reactor.
|Divisions:||Concordia University > Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering|
|Item Type:||Thesis (PhD)|
|Authors:||Ibeid, Sharif/M. J|
|Degree Name:||Ph. D.|
|Date:||23 December 2011|
|Thesis Supervisor(s):||Elektorowicz, Maria|
|Keywords:||nutrient removal, Phosphorus removal, Nitrogen removal, Submerged membrane electrobioreactor (SMEBR), Membrane bioreactor (MBR), Electrokinetics, Electrocoagulation, Oxidation reduction potential, Simultaneous nitrification/denitrification,|
|Deposited By:||SHARIF IBEID|
|Deposited On:||20 Jun 2012 14:03|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2013 01:38|
|Additional Information:||This research has demonstrated a novel new methodology to remove nitrogen and phosphorus in one single reactor through electrokinetics, which has many advantages in comparison with the conventional methods|
Adam, c., R. Gnirss, B. Lesjean, H. Buisson and M. Kraume. 2002. Enhanced biological phosphorus removal in membrane bioreactors. Water Sci. and Technol. 46(4-5):281-286
Ahmad, Z., J. Cho, B.R. Lim, K. G. Song and K. H. Ahn. 2007. Effect of sludge retention time on membrane fouling and microbial community structure in a membrane bioreactor. J. Memb. Sci. 287: 211-218
Ahn, K. H., K. G. Song, E. Cho, J. Cho, H. Yun, S. Lee and J. Kim. 2003. Enhanced biological phosphorus and nitrogen removal using a sequencing anoxic/anaerobic membrane bioreactor (SAM) process. Desalination. 157: 345-352
Amy, G., C. W. Bryant and M. Belyani. 1987. Molecular weight distribution of soluble microbial matter in various secondary and tertiary effluents. Water Sci. and Technol. 19:529-538
Arabi, S. and G. Nakhla. 2008. Impact of protein/carbohydrate ratio in the feed wastewater on the membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors. J. Memb. Sci. 324:142-150
Bai, R. and H. F. Leow. 2002. Microfiltration of activated sludge wastewater –the effect of system operation parameters. Sep. Purif. Technol. 29:189-198
Balkan, V. Y. and I. P. Kolesnikova. 1996. Influence of electrode material on the electrocoagulation. J. of Aerosol Sci. 27(supplement-1): 209-210
Bani-Melhem, K. and M. Elektrorowicz. 2010. Development of a novel submerged membrane electro-bioreactor (SMEBR): Performance for fouling reduction. Environmental Science and Technology, 44 (9): 3298-3304.
Bani-Melhem, K. and M. Elektorowicz. 2011. Performance of submerged membrane bioreactor (SMEBR) with iron electrodes for wastewater treatment and fouling reduction. J. of Mem. Sci. 379(1-2):434-439
Bani-Melhem, K. 2008. Development a submerged membrane electro-bioreactor SMEBR for wastewater treatment. Ph.D. thesis, Concordia University, Montreal, Qc, Canada
Barker, D. J. and D. C. Stukey. 1999. A review of soluble microbial products (SMP) in wastewater treatment systems. Water. Res. 33(14):3063-3082
Baskir, C. I. and G. S. Hansford. 1980. Product formation in the continuous culture of microbial populations grown on carbohydrates. Biotech. Bioeng. XXII:1857-1875
Bayramoglu, M., M. Eyvaz and M. Kobya. 2007. Treatment of the textile wastewater by electrocoagulation economical evaluation. Chem. Eng. J. 128: 155-161
Bayramoglu, M., M. Kobya, M. Eyvaz and E. Senturk. 2006. Technical and economic analysis of electrocoagulation for the treatment of poultry slaughterhouse wastewater. Sep. and Purif. Technol. 51: 404-408.
Bayramoglu, M., O. T. Can, M. Kobya and M. Sozbir. 2004. Operating cost analysis of electrocoagulation of textile dye wastewater. Sep. Purif. Technol. 37: 117-125.
Bhatta, C. P., A. Mastuda, K. Kawasaki, and D. Omori. 2004. Minimization of sludge production and stable operational condition of a submerged membrane activated sludge process. Wat. Sci. Technol. 50(9):121-128
Bin, Z., S. Baosheng, J. Min, G. Taishi, and G. Zhenghong. 2008. Extraction and analysis of extracellular polymeric substances in membrane fouling in submerged MBR. Desalination. 227:286-294
Bouhabila, F. H., R. B. Aim and H. Buisson. 2001. Fouling characteristics in membrane bioreactors. Sep. Purif. Technol. 22-23:123-132
Brooks, A., B. Jefferson, G. Guglielmi and S. J. Judd. 2006. Sustainable flux fouling in membrane bioreactor: Impact of flux and MLSS. Sep. Sci. and Technol. 41(7): 1279-1291
Bremere, I., M. Kenndy, P. Michel, P. Van Emmerik, G. Witkamp and J. Schipper. 1999. Controlling scaling in membrane filtration system using a desupersaturation unit. Desalination. 124:51-62.
Can, O. T., M. Bayramoglu and M. Kobya. 2003. Decolorization of reactive dye solutions by electrocoagulation using aluminium electrodes. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 42: 3391-3396
Canizares, P., F. Martinez, C. Jimenez, C. Saez and M. A. Rodrigo. 2008. Coagulation and electrocoagulation of oil-in-water emulsions. J. of Hazard. Material. 151: 44-51
Cema, G., J. Wiszniowski, S. Zabczynski, E. Zabloka-Godlewska, A. Raszka, J. Surmacz-Gorska. 2007. Biological nitrogen removal from landfill leachate by deammonification assisted by heterotrophic denitrification in a rotating biological reactor (RBR). Water Sci. Technol. 55 (8-9): 35-42
Chang, I., P. Clech, B. Jefferson and S. Judd. 2002. Membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors for wastewater treatment. J. of Environ. Eng. 128(11): 1018-1029
Chang, S. and A. G. Fane. 2001. The effect of fiber diameter on filtration and flux distribution-relevance to submerged hollow fiber modules. J. Membr. Sci. 184: 221-231
Chang, I. S., C. H. Lee and K. H. Ahn. 1999. Membrane filtration characteristics in membrane-coupled activated sludge system: The effect of floc structure on membrane fouling. Sep. Sci. Technol. 34(9):1743-1758.
Chang, I. and C. Lee. 1998. Membrane filtration characteristics in membrane-coupled activated sludge system- the effect of physiological states of activated sludge on membrane fouling. Desalination. 120:221-233
Chellam, S. and M. R. Wiesner. 1997. Particle back-transport and permeate flux behaviour in crossflow membrane filters. Water Sci. Technol. 31: 819-824.
Chiemchaisri, C. and K. Yamamoto. 1994. Performance of membrane separation bioreactor at various temperatures for domestic wastewater treatment. J. Memb. Sci. 87:119-129
Chen, G. 2004. Electrochemical technologies in wastewater treatment. Sep. Purif. Technol. 38: 11-41
Chiu Y., L. Lee, C. Chang and A. Chao. 2007. Control of carbon and ammonium ratio for simultaneous nitrification and denitrification in a sequencing batch bioreactor. International Biodeterioration and biodegradation. 59: 1-7
Cho, J., K. G. Song, S. H. Lee and K. H. Ahn. 2005. Sequencing anoxic/anaerobic membrane bioreactor (SAM)pilot plant for advanced wastewater treatment. Desalination. 178: 219-225
Choi C., M. Kim, K. Lee and H. Park. 2009. Oxidation reduction potential automatic control potential of intermittently aerated membrane bioreactor for nitrification and denitrification. Water Sci. and Technol. 60(1): 167-173
Cho, J. W., K. G. Song, S. H. Lee and K. H. Ahn. 2005. Sequencing anoxic/anaerobic membrane bioreactor (SAM) pilot plant for advanced wastewater treatment. Desalination. 28:219-225
Cho, J., G. Amy and J. Pellegrino. 1999. Membrane filtration of natural organic matter: internal comparison of rejection and flux decline characteristics with ultrafiltration and nanofiltration membranes. Water Res. 33:2517-2526
Choi, H., K. Zhang, D. D. Dionysiou, D. B. Oerther and G. A. Sorial. Influence of cross-flow velocity on membrane performance during filtration of biological suspension. J. of Memb. Sci. 248: 189-199
Christensen, B. E., W. G. Characklis. 1990. Physical and chemical properties of biofilms. In: Biofilms. Characklis, W. G. And K. Marshall eds. Wiley, NY, USA. Pp:93-130
Cote, P., H. Buisson and M. Praderie. 1998. Immersed membranes activated sludge process applied to the treatment of municipal wastewater. Water Sci. Technol. 38(4-5):437-442
Crozes, G. F., J. G. Jancenglo, C. Anselman and J. M. Laine. 1997. Impaction of ultrafiltration operating condition on membrane irreversible fouling. J. Mem. Sci. 161:63-72
Daneshvar, N., H. A. Sorkhabi and M. B. Kasiri. 2004. Decolorization of dye solution containing Acid Red 14 by electrocoagulation with a comparative investigation of different electrode connections. J. of Hazard. Mater. B112: 55-62
De Silva, D. G. V. and B. E. Rittmann. 2000a. Nonsteady-state modeling of multispecies activated sludge processes. Water Environ. Res. 72(5):554-565
De Silva, D. G. V. and B. E. Rittmann. 2000b. Interpreting the response to loading changes in a mixed-culture completely stirred tank reactor. Water Environ. Res. 72(5):566-573
Defrance, L., M. Y. Jaffrin, B. Gupta, P. Paullier and V. Geaugey. 2000. Contribution of various constituents of activated sludge sludge to membrane bioreactor fouling. Bioresource Technol. 73:105-112
Dignac, M. F., V. Urbain, D. Rybacki, A. Bruchet, D. Snidaro and P. Scribe. 1998. Chemical description of extracellular polymers: implication on activated sludge floc structure. Water Sci. Technol. 38:45-53
Dosta, J., I. Fernandez, J.R. Vazquez-Padin, A. Mosquera-Corral, J. L. Campos, J. Mata-Alvarez, R. Mendez. 2008. Short and long term effects of temperature on anammox process. J. Hazardous Materials. 154: 688-693
Drewes, J. E., M. Sprinzl, A. Soellner, M. D. Williams, P. Fox and P. Westerhoff. 1999. Tracking residual dissolved organic carbon using XDA-fractionation and C-NMR Spectroscopy in indirect potable reuse systems. Vom Wasser. 93:95-107
Drews, M., V. Vocks, B. Iversen, B. Lesjean and M. Kraume. 2005. Influence of unsteady membrane bioreactor operation on EPS formation and filtration resistance. In: Proceedings of the International Congress on Membranes and Membrane Processes (ICOM), Seoul, Korea.
Dubois, M., K. A. Gilles, J. K. Hamilton, P. A. Rebers and F. Smith. 1956. Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Anal. Chem. 28: 350-356
Elektorowicz M., K. Bani Melhem and J. Oleszkiewicz. 2009. Submerged Membrane Electro-bioreactor- SMEBR, US patent 12/553,680
Esmaily, A., M. Elektrorowicz and J. Oleszkiewicz. 2006. Dewatering and pathogen elimination from biosolids using electrokinetic phenomena, J Environ. Eng. Sci. 5:197-202
Evenblij, H., S. Geilvoet, J. Ven der Graaf, H. F. Van der Roset. 2005. Filtration characterization for assessing MBR performance: Three cases compared. Desalination. 178:115-124
Evenblij, H. and J. Van der Graaf. 2004. Occurrence of EPS in activated sludge from a membrane bioreactor treating municipal wastewater. Water Sci. Technol. 50:293-300
Escobar, I. C., E. M. Hoek, C. J. Gabelich and F. A. DiGiano . 2005. Committee report: recent advances and research needs in membrane fouling. Journal of American Water Work Association. 97:79-89
Fan, L., J. L. Harris, F. A. Roddic and N. A. Booker. 2002. Influence of the characteristics of natural organic matter on fouling of microfiltration membranes. Water Res. 35:4455-4463
Field, R. W., D. Wu, J. A. Howell and B. B. Gupta. 1995. Critical flux concept for microfiltration fouling. J. Memb. Sci. 100(3): 259-272
Fu Z., F. Yang, Y. An and Y. Xue. 2009. Simultaneous nitrification and denitrification coupled with phosphorus removal in an modified anoxic/oxic membrane bioreactor (A/O-MBR). Biochem. Eng. J. 43: 191-196
Geng, Z. and E. R. Hall. 2007. A comparative study of fouling-related properties of sludge from conventional and membrane enhanced biological phosphorus removal processes. Water Res. 41:4329-4338
Grelier, P., S. Rosenberger and T. P. Annie. 2006. Influence of sludge retention time on membrane bioreactor hydraulic performance. Desalination. 192: 10-17
Han, S. S., T. H. Bae, G. G. Jang and T. M. Tak. 2005. Influence of sludge retention time on membrane fouling and bioactivities in membrane bioreactor system. Process Biochemistry. 40: 2393-2400
Hao, O. J. and A. O. Lao. 1988. Kinetics of microbial byproduct formation in chemostat pure culture. J. Environ. Eng. 114(5):1097-1115
Hernandez Rojas, M. E., R. Van Kaam, S. Schetrite and C. Albasi. 2005. Role and variations of supernatant compounds in submerged membrane bioreactor fouling. Desalination. 179:95-107.
Holbrook, R. D., M. J. Higgins, S. N. Murthy, A. D. Fonseca, E. J. Fleischer, G. T. Daigger, T. J. Grizzard, N. G. Love and J. T. Novak. 2004. Effect of alum addition on the performance of submerged membranes for wastewater treatment. Water Environ. Res. 76(7):2699-2702
Holt, P., G. Barton and C. Mitchel. 1999. Electrocoagulation as a wastewater treatment. The third annual Australian Environmental Engineering Research Event, 23-26 November, Castlemaine, Victoria
Hong, S. P., T. H. Bae, T. M. Tak, S. Hong and A. Randall. 2002. Fouling control in activated sludge submerged hollow fiber membrane bioreactors. Desalination. 143:219-228
How, Y. NG., T. W. Tan and S. L. Ong. 2006. Membrane fouling of submerged membrane bioreactors: Impact of mean cell residence time and the contributing factors. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40: 2706-2713
Hsieh, K. M., G. A. Murgel, L. W. Lion and M. L. Shuler. 1994. Interactions of microbial biofilms with toxic trace metals: Observation and modeling of cell growth, attachment and production of extracellular polymer. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 44:219-231
Huang J., M. Elektrorowicz and J. Oleszkiewicz. 2008, Response of aerobic and anaerobic sludge to dewatering and disinfection using elektrokinetics (EK), Water Sci. and Technol. 57 (2) 231-236
Ibeid S., M. Elektorowicz and J. Oleszkiewicz. 2010a. Impact of electro-coagulation on the fate of soluble microbial products (SMP) in submerged membrane electro-bioreactor (SMEBR). 11th international Environmental Specialty Conference, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Ibeid S., M. Elektorowicz and J. Oleszkiewicz. 2010b. Modification of activated sludge characteristics due to applying Direct Current (DC) field. International Water Association (IWA) conference, Montreal, Canada.
Isaka, K., T. Sumino, S. Tsuneda. 2007. High nitrogen removal performance at moderately low temperature utilizing anaerobic ammonium oxidation reactions. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 103(5): 486-490
Isaka, K., Y. Date, T. Sumino, S. Yoshie, S. Tsuneda. 2006. Growth characteristic of anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing bacteria in an anaerobic biological filtrated reactor. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 70: 47-52
Itango, T., K. Kimura and Y. Watanabe. 2004. Influence of suspension viscosity and colloidal particles on permeability of membrane used in membrane bioreactor (MBR). Water Sci. Technol. 50(12):301-309
Ivanovic, I., T. Leikenes and H. Odegaard. 2008. Fouling control by reduction of submicron particles in a BF-MBR with an integrated flocculation zone in the membrane reactor. Sep. Sci. and Techno. 43: 1871-1883
Jang, N., R. S. Trussel, R. P. Merlo, D. Jenkins, S. W. Hermanowics and I. S. Kim. 2005. Fractionation of EPS(extracellular polymeric substances) molecular weight and filtration resistance as F/M (food/microorganisms) in submerged membrane bioreactor. In: Proceedings of the International conference on membranes and Membrane Processes (ICOM), Seol, Korea
Jiang, T., M. D. Kennedy, B. F. Guinzbourg, P. A. Vanrolleghem and J. C. Schipers. 2005. Optimizing the operation of a MBR pilot plant by quantitative analysis of the membrane fouling mechanism. Water Sci. Technol. 51: 19-25
Jin, B., B. Wilen and P. Lant. 2004. Impacts of morphological, physical and chemical properties of sludge flocs on dewaterability of activated sludge. Chem. Eng. J. 98:115-126
Jinsong, Z., C. H. Chuan, Z. Jiti and A. G. Fane. 2006. Effect of sludge retention time on membrane bio-fouling intensity in a submerged membrane bioreactor. Sep. Sci. and Technol. 41: 1313-1329
Jonsson C. and A. S. Jonsson. 1995. Influence of the membrane material on the adsorptive fouling of ultrafiltration membranes. J. Memb. Sci. 108:79-87.
Jorand, F., P. Guicherd, V. Urbain, J. Manem and J. C. Block. 1994. Hydrophobicity of activated sludge flocs and laboratory growth bacteria. Water Sci. Technol. 30(11):211-218
Hasan, S. 2011. Desige and performance of a Pilot Submerged Membrane Electro-bioreactor (SMEBR) Wastewater Treatment. Ph.D. thesis, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada
Hasar, H., C. Kinaci, A. Unlu and U. Ipek. 2001. Role of intermittent aeration in domestic wastewater treatment by submerged membrane activated sludge system. Desalination. 142: 287-293
Jianlong W., Yongzen P., Shuying W and Yongqing G. 2008. Nitrogen removal by simultaneous nitrification and denitrification via nitrite in a sequence hybrid biological reactor. Chineese Journal of Chem. Eng. 16(5): 778-784
Kang, S., E. M. V. Hoek, H. Choi and H. Shin. 2006. Effect of membrane surface properties during the fast evaluation of cell attachment. Sep. Sci. and Technol. 41:1475-1487
Karr, P. R. and T. M. Keinath. 1978. Influence of particle size on sludge dewaterability. J. Wat. Pollut. Control Fed. 50:1911-1930
Kim, J., I. Chang, D. Shin and H. Park. 2008. Membrane fouling control through the change of the depth of a membrane module in a submerged membrane bioreactor for advanced wastewater treatment. Desalination. 231: 35-43
Kim, J. S. and C. H. Lee. 2003. Effect of powdered activated carbon on the performance of an aerobic membrane bioreactor: compariso
Repository Staff Only: item control page