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Nd: YAG laser welding of ZE41A-T5 magnesium sand casting alloy

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Nd: YAG laser welding of ZE41A-T5 magnesium sand casting alloy

Al-Kazzar, Haider (2006) Nd: YAG laser welding of ZE41A-T5 magnesium sand casting alloy. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Butt joints of ZE41A-T5 plates with two thicknesses (2 and 6 mm) were laser welded using 1.6 mm EZ33A-T5 filler wire and a continuous wave Nd:YAG system with variable laser process parameters; power (2.5--4 kW), welding speed (2--7 m/min), joint gap (0--0.6 mm) and defocusing distance (0 to -4 mm). Acceptable weld geometries with smooth top and bottom profiles and minor defects were produced with the open keyhole mode. The optimum laser power was 4 kW for both thicknesses, and the welding speed was 6 and 2 m/min for thin and thick plates, respectively. The suitable gap size for the 2 mm and 6 mm plates was found to be between 0.3 and 0.4 mm. The increase in welding speed reduced the FZ defects on a condition of having an open keyhole mode. The fusion zone showed significant grain refinement due to high cooling rate. No grain coarsening was observed in the HAZ. The microhardness test showed that fusion zone hardness was recovered to the value of the base metal after natural aging of around one year. The HAZ with a typical width between 1.5 and 2 mm, showed a drop in hardness compared with the BM. Tensile test showed that the optimum parameters had a joint efficiency between 85 and 95%. Moderate and high Weibull moduli were obtained for the mechanical properties and weld geometry indicating that the laser welding process seems to have good repeatability. Simulation of laser welding process was developed through combining different models and concepts that enabled to describe the keyhole and weld profile. This model shows good agreement with the experimental results.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science > Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Al-Kazzar, Haider
Pagination:xiv, 197 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Date:2006
Thesis Supervisor(s):Medraj, Mamoun
ID Code:8931
Deposited By:Concordia University Libraries
Deposited On:18 Aug 2011 14:40
Last Modified:18 Aug 2011 14:40
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