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Client-presence : a heuristic inquiry into consolidating Soto Zen and art therapy practice


Client-presence : a heuristic inquiry into consolidating Soto Zen and art therapy practice

Moskovici, Blanche (2006) Client-presence : a heuristic inquiry into consolidating Soto Zen and art therapy practice. Other thesis, Concordia University.

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MR34597.pdf - Accepted Version


This exploratory research studied the client's experience with 10 to 25 minutes of zazen practice when used in the art therapeutic context as a transitional phase, between checking-in with the therapist and art making. First-person accounts by the researcher and six participants, women over 40 who were chosen for their experience with the Zen art therapy approach, were generated using a questionnaire format. Concepts referenced to substantiate and explain the various findings of this heuristic study are framed by and include Jungian analytic psychology and alchemy, Soto Zen based research and practice, process-oriented psychology, and art therapy. Results indicate that the client is a witness to her zazen process through client-presence, that the checking-in period with the therapist impacts the client's zazen experience, while zazen informs the client's art making process and symbolism. Client movement from an initial state of distraction to concentrated presence and calmness was conceptualized, extending D.H. Shapiro and S.M. Zifferblatt's (1976) model in terms of a six-phase zazen process: (1) focus on breathing; (2) attention wanders; (3) focus returns to breathing; (4) porous states of mind, fluid breathing; (5) quiet mind, presence; and (6) last three minutes, no content and refined content. As well, two modes of client creative engagement were identified: Expressive Reactivity (ER) and Responsive Creativity (RC) . A model of the Zen art therapy treatment approach is proposed. The findings support the use of zazen with an adult mental health population by Zen trained art therapists. Future development of an instrument to quantitatively measure client-presence is recommended

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Fine Arts > Creative Arts Therapies
Item Type:Thesis (Other)
Authors:Moskovici, Blanche
Series Name:Research Paper
Pagination:xii, 232 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Program:Creative Arts Therapies
Thesis Supervisor(s):Tanguay, Denise
ID Code:9277
Deposited By: Concordia University Library
Deposited On:18 Aug 2011 18:47
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:35
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