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Thermal performance of double-skin façade with thermal mass

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Thermal performance of double-skin façade with thermal mass

Fallahi, Ali (2009) Thermal performance of double-skin façade with thermal mass. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

In order to mitigate the overheating problem in the warmer seasons, and thereby to improve thermal performance and energy efficiency of the Double-Skin Façade (DSF) system, this study introduced an innovative design approach involving the integration of thermal mass with the air channel of the conventional DSF. Then it proposed a numerical procedure to assess the thermal performance of DSF, and finally investigated the effect of thermal mass on the energy efficiency of such system. The initial step in the assessment procedure proposed the development of base-case models, which were able to predict temperature distribution in the DSF with a venetian blind. So too were the base-case models able to determine heating/cooling loads of the perimeter room for both the mechanically and naturally ventilated DSFs. In this procedure, building energy simulation software was used for base-case development; two distinct models were generated: an airflow model and a thermal model. The nodal, unidirectional airflow network method was applied in the case of the naturally ventilated DSF. The thermal model was a transient control volume method which found temperature distribution in discretized air-channel. The base-cases were verified at two levels: inter-model verification and verification relying on measurements from mechanically and naturally ventilated outdoor test-cells. At both levels, a generally fair agreement was obtained. After this, parametric studies pertaining to the energy performance of the system were conducted on the effect of thermal mass in unison with different air-channel configurations. Considerable energy load reductions were found when thermal mass was used in the air-channel, replacing venetian blind slats for mechanically ventilated DSFs; this held true during both summer and winter. In this configuration depending on the airflow path direction, energy savings from 21% to 26% in summer and from 41% to 59% in winter are achievable in compared with conventional DSF with aluminum venetian blind. The savings were found higher in sunny days than cloudy days. On the other hand, naturally ventilated DSFs combined with thermal mass were not found to be energy efficient in winter due to stack effect and airflow rate increase within the air channel

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Fallahi, Ali
Pagination:xxiv, 204 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph.D
Program:Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Date:2009
Thesis Supervisor(s):Haghighat, F
ID Code:976613
Deposited By: Concordia University Library
Deposited On:22 Jan 2013 16:29
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:42
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