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Cross layer optimization in 4G Wireless mesh networks

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Cross layer optimization in 4G Wireless mesh networks

AL-Wazedi, Imam Mahmud Taifur Rahman (2010) Cross layer optimization in 4G Wireless mesh networks. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Wireless networks have been rapidly evolving over the past two decades. It is foreseen that Fourth generation (4G) wireless systems will involve the integration of wireless mesh networks and the 3G wireless systems such as WCDMA. Moreover their wireless mesh routers will provide service to wireless local networks (WLANs) and possibly incorporate MIMO system and smart admission control policies among others. This integration will not only help the service providers cost effectiveness and users connectivities but will also improve and guarantee the QoS criteria. On the other hand, cross layer design has emerged as a new and major thrust in improving the quality of service (QoS) of wireless networks. Cross layer design involves the interaction of various layers of the network hierarchy which could further improve the QoS of the 4G integrated networks. In this work we seek new techniques for improving the overall QoS of integrated 4G systems. Towards this objective we start with the local low tier WLAN access. We then investigate CDMA alternatives to the TDMA access for wireless mesh networks. Cross layer design in wireless mesh networks is then pursued. In the first phase of this thesis a new access mechanism for WLANs is developed, in which users use an optimum transmission probability obtained by estimating the number of stations from the traffic conditions in a sliding window fashion, thereby increasing the throughput compared to the standard DCF and RTS/CTS mechanism while maintaining the same fairness and the delay performance. In the second phase we introduce a code division multiple access/Time division duplex technique CDMA/TDD for wireless mesh networks, we outline the transmitter and receiver for the relay nodes and evaluate the efficiency, delay and delay jitter performances. This CDMA based technique is more amenable to integrating the two systems (Mesh networks and WCDMA or CDMA 2000 of3G). We compare these results with the TDMA operation and through analysis we prove that the CDMA system outperforms the TDMA counterparts. In the third phase we proceed to an instance of cross layer optimized networks, where we develop an overall optimization routine that finds simultaneously the best route and the best capacity allocation to various nodes. This optimization routine minimizes the average end to end packet delay over all calls subject to various contraints. In the process we use a new adaptive version of Spatial TDMA as a platform for comparison purposes of the MAC techniques involved in the cross layer design. In this phase we also combine CDMA/TDD and optimum routing for cross layer design in wireless mesh networks. We compare the results of the CDMA/TDD system with results obtained from the STDMA system. In our analysis we consider the parallel transmissions of mesh nodes in a mesh topology. These parallel transmissions will increase the capacity resulting in a higher throughput with a lower delay. This will allow the service providers to accommodate more users in their system which will obviously reduce the colt and the end users will enjoy a better service paying a lower amount.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Electrical and Computer Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:AL-Wazedi, Imam Mahmud Taifur Rahman
Pagination:xx,127 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Electrical and Computer Engineering
Date:2010
Thesis Supervisor(s):Elhakeem, Ahmed K
ID Code:979418
Deposited By: Concordia University Library
Deposited On:09 Dec 2014 17:59
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:49
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