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Evaluation of Traffic Operations and Safety of Reserved-Lanes

Title:

Evaluation of Traffic Operations and Safety of Reserved-Lanes

Tao, Huizhu (2015) Evaluation of Traffic Operations and Safety of Reserved-Lanes. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

This study investigates the safety and operations of reserved lane facilities, with multiple interactions between vehicles. Currently, there are a limited number of studies that investigated the effects of various geometric designs impact on traffic operations along reserved-lanes, especially the specific factors that control for frequent opportunities of merging/diverging and crossing maneuvers. In this study, a VISSIM simulation model has been developed to model vehicular interactions of reserved-lanes facilities, along an arterial with interrupted traffic setup and along an uninterrupted highway segment, both located in the Montreal metro area. The model was used to evaluate the safety and traffic operations along the selected corridors by comparing the status quo with some proposed alternative design and assuming the prevailing traffic conditions. The simulation model was calibrated with real-world vehicle headways and the generated vehicle trajectories were used in a Surrogate Safety Assessment Model (SSAM). An improvement of the SSAM model was achieved via a binary matrix calibration methodology, in order to identify the vehicle conflicts more accurately. This improvement helps traffic analysts to identify the potential traffic operations measures that could contribute to a reduction of vehicular conflicts. The results show that traffic operations along the corridor can be significantly improved if a different geometric alignment is used, one that would reduce the number of interaction opportunities. For example, it is shown that a 30-meter weaving section along the analysed arterial and a 50-meter merging section at the end of the highway bus-on-shoulder segment leads to improvements vehicles’ travel time as well as improvements in traffic safety.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Tao, Huizhu
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Civil Engineering
Date:16 April 2015
Thesis Supervisor(s):Alecsandru, Ciprian
Keywords:Reserved Lanes; HOV Lanes; Bus on Shoulder; BOS; Microscopic Traffic Simulation; Surrogate Safety Analysis; VISSIM; SSAM; Traffic Conflicts; Traffic Safety
ID Code:979921
Deposited By: HUIZHU TAO
Deposited On:09 Jul 2015 16:47
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:50

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