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WiMAX for Smart Grid Applications and the Influence of Impulsive Noise

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WiMAX for Smart Grid Applications and the Influence of Impulsive Noise

Neagu, Oana (2015) WiMAX for Smart Grid Applications and the Influence of Impulsive Noise. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

In order to adapt the power grid to today’s level of electricity consumption, growing investments are made in a smart power grid. The employment of this novel architecture brings advantages such as efficiency of energy production and consumption, availability and reliability of the service, scalability, self-healing grid, environment friendly, consumer participation in electricity production with harvested energy through solar panels and wind turbines. The rising power demand curve can be restrained by a smart implementation of the new electrical power grid. The smart grid brings out an additional layer that will interconnect and manage all the generation, transmission and distribution sectors of the power grid. Many other features will be brought by the smart grid that will improve its reliability and efficiency and will lead towards renewable and sustainable energy development. In this thesis, we analyze the performances of a smart grid in which the communication layer is implemented using Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) communication technology. Parameters such as throughput, network capacity, packet loss, latency are studied by analyzing the traffic model generated by using several applications in the Distribution Area Network (DAN) of the Smart Grid. The applications whose traffic was simulated using OPNET are the following four: metering and pricing, electrical car, video surveillance and voice support for workforce. The capacity of a base station in the distribution area network is obtained for each smart grid application individually as well as for the combined traffic of all applications. Furthermore, this thesis also discusses the effects of the impulsive noise over the communication layer. An Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) structure using WiMAX physical layer characteristics was simulated with and without the influence of impulsive noise using MATLAB. The results highlighted the effects of the impulsive noise over performances such as bit error rate, packet error rate, throughput and the overall capacity of the network. For a better understanding, the outcomes are presented with and without the presence of impulsive noise.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Electrical and Computer Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Neagu, Oana
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Electrical and Computer Engineering
Date:October 2015
Thesis Supervisor(s):Hamouda, Walaa
ID Code:980660
Deposited By: OANA NEAGU
Deposited On:15 Jun 2016 16:11
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:51
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