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The Higgs Triplet Model: mixing in the neutral sector, vector-like fermions, and dark matter

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The Higgs Triplet Model: mixing in the neutral sector, vector-like fermions, and dark matter

Bahrami, Sahar (2016) The Higgs Triplet Model: mixing in the neutral sector, vector-like fermions, and dark matter. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

The inability to predict neutrino masses and the existence of Dark Matter (DM) are two essential shortcomings of the Standard Model. This thesis is a phenomenological study of a Beyond the Standard Model (BSM) scenario, Higgs Triplet Model (HTM) and effects of introducing vector-like leptons and quarks on the Higgs sector in the model. The HiggsTriplet Model provides an elegant resolution to the first problem via the seesaw mechanism. Introducing a full representation of vector-like leptons can solve the DM problem of the HTM by assigning a vector-like neutrino to be the DM candidate. As a result, two important problems in SM will be resolved.

Within this context, after a review of the main concepts, we first revisit the neutral Higgs sector of the Higgs Triplet Model. We show that, under general considerations, an unmixed neutral Higgs boson cannot have an enhanced decay branching ratio into γγ with respect to the Standard Model one, while an enhancement is possible for the mixed case, but only for the heavier of the two neutral Higgs bosons. We then analyze the implications of introducing
vector-like leptons in the Higgs Triplet Model. We show that, if the vector-like leptons are allowed to be relatively light, they enhance or suppress the decay rates of loop-dominated neutral Higgs bosons decays H → γγ and H → Zγ, as well as alter the decay patterns of the doubly-charged Higgs bosons, modifying the restrictions on their masses. We also look at the effects of vector-like quarks (singlets, doublets or triplets) in the Higgs Triplet Model.
Though the new Higgs in the model couple to leptons only, some vector-like quarks help improve electroweak precision measurements and thus lift the mass of the doubly charged Higgs boson to within experimental limits. We also study the effects of introducing the vector-like quarks on the loop-dominated neutral Higgs decays.

We show that introducing vector-like leptons in the model also provides a resolution to the problem of Dark Matter. We investigate the invisible decay width of the Higgs boson and the electroweak precision variables, and impose restrictions on model parameters. We analyze the relic density constraint and calculate the cross sections for indirect and direct dark matter detection. With appropriate parameter restrictions, the Higgs Triplet Model with vector-like
fermions is rendered completely consistent with the data.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Bahrami, Sahar
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Physics
Date:21 July 2016
Thesis Supervisor(s):Frank, Mariana
ID Code:981403
Deposited By: SAHAR BAHRAMI
Deposited On:09 Nov 2016 19:53
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:53
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