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A Piano Training Program to Improve Manual Dexterity and Upper Extremity Function in Chronic Stroke Survivors

Title:

A Piano Training Program to Improve Manual Dexterity and Upper Extremity Function in Chronic Stroke Survivors

Villeneuve, Myriam, Penhune, Virginia and Lamontagne, Anouk (2014) A Piano Training Program to Improve Manual Dexterity and Upper Extremity Function in Chronic Stroke Survivors. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8 . ISSN 1662-5161

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00662

Abstract

Objective: Music-supported therapy was shown to induce improvements in motor skills in stroke survivors. Whether all stroke individuals respond similarly to the intervention and whether gains can be maintained over time remain unknown. We estimated the immediate and retention effects of a piano training program on upper extremity function in persons with chronic stroke.

Methods: Thirteen stroke participants engaged in a 3-week piano training comprising supervised sessions (9 × 60 min) and home practice. Fine and gross manual dexterity, movement coordination, and functional use of the upper extremity were assessed at baseline, pre-intervention, post-intervention, and at a 3-week follow-up.

Results: Significant improvements were observed for all outcomes at post-intervention and follow-up compared to pre-intervention scores. Larger magnitudes of change in manual dexterity and functional use of the upper extremity were associated with higher initial levels of motor recovery.

Conclusion: Piano training can result in sustainable improvements in upper extremity function in chronic stroke survivors. Individuals with a higher initial level of motor recovery at baseline appear to benefit the most from this intervention.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Villeneuve, Myriam and Penhune, Virginia and Lamontagne, Anouk
Journal or Publication:Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Date:2014
Funders:
  • Concordia Open Access Author Fund
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.3389/fnhum.2014.00662
ID Code:982235
Deposited By: DANIELLE DENNIE
Deposited On:17 Mar 2017 20:09
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:54

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