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Genetic structure and diversity of natural and domesticated populations of Citrus medica L. in the Eastern Himalayan region of Northeast India

Title:

Genetic structure and diversity of natural and domesticated populations of Citrus medica L. in the Eastern Himalayan region of Northeast India

Barbhuiya, Atiqur Rahman, Mohammed, Latif Khan and Dayanandan, Selvadurai (2016) Genetic structure and diversity of natural and domesticated populations of Citrus medica L. in the Eastern Himalayan region of Northeast India. Ecology and Evolution, 6 (12). pp. 3898-3911.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.2174

Abstract

Citron (Citrus medica L.) is a medicinally important species of citrus native to India and occurs in natural forests and home gardens in the foothills of the eastern Himalayan region of northeast India. The wild populations of citron in the region have undergone rapid decline due to natural and anthropogenic disturbances and most of the remaining individuals of citron are found in fragmented natural forests and home gardens in the region. In order to assess the genetic structure and diversity of citron in wild and domesticated populations, we analyzed 219 individuals of C. medica collected from four wild and eight domesticated populations using microsatellite markers. The genetic analysis based on five polymorphic microsatellite loci revealed an average of 13.40 allele per locus. The mean observed and expected heterozygosity values ranged between 0.220–0.540 and 0.438–0.733 respectively among the wild and domesticated populations. Domesticated populations showed close genetic relationships as compared to wild populations and pairwise Nei’s genetic distance ranged from 0.062 to 2.091 among wild and domesticated populations. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) showed higher genetic diversity among- than within populations. The analysis of population structure revealed five groups. Mixed ancestry of few individuals of different populations revealed exchange of genetic materials among farmers in the region. Citron populations in the region show high genetic variation. The knowledge gained through this study is invaluable for devising genetically sound strategies for conservation of citron genetic resources in the region.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Biology
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Barbhuiya, Atiqur Rahman and Mohammed, Latif Khan and Dayanandan, Selvadurai
Journal or Publication:Ecology and Evolution
Date:10 May 2016
Funders:
  • NSERC
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1002/ece3.2174
ID Code:982615
Deposited By: ATIQUR RAHMAN BARBHUIYA
Deposited On:16 Jun 2017 01:00
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:55
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