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Modeling and Control of the Cooperative Automated Fiber Placement System

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Modeling and Control of the Cooperative Automated Fiber Placement System

Zhang, Xiaoming (2017) Modeling and Control of the Cooperative Automated Fiber Placement System. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

The Automated Fiber Placement (AFP) machines have brought significant improvement on composite manufacturing. However, the current AFP machines are designed for the manufacture of simple structures like shallow shells or tubes, and not capable of handling some applications with more complex shapes.
A cooperative AFP system is proposed to manufacture more complex composite components which pose high demand for trajectory planning than those by the current APF system. The system consists of a 6 degree-of-freedom (DOF) serial robot holding the fiber placement head, a 6-DOF revolute-spherical-spherical (RSS) parallel robot on which a 1-DOF mandrel holder is installed and an eye-to-hand photogrammetry sensor, i.e. C-track, to detect the poses of both end-effectors of parallel robot and serial robot.
Kinematic models of the parallel robot and the serial robot are built. The analysis of constraints and singularities is conducted for the cooperative AFP system. The definitions of the tool frames for the serial robot and the parallel robot are illustrated. Some kinematic parameters of the parallel robot are calibrated using the photogrammetry sensor.
Although, the cooperative AFP system increases the flexibility of composite manufacturing by adding more DOF, there might not be a feasible path for laying up the fiber in some cases due to the requirement of free from collisions and singularities. To meet the challenge, an innovative semi-offline trajectory synchronized algorithm is proposed to incorporate the on-line robot control in following the paths generated off-line especially when the generated paths are infeasible for the current multiple robots to realize. By adding correction to the path of the robots at the points where the collision and singularity occur, the fiber can be laid up continuously without interruption. The correction is calculated based on the pose tracking data of the parallel robot detected by the photogrammetry sensor on-line. Due to the flexibility of the 6-DOF parallel robot, the optimized offsets with varying movements are generated based on the different singularities and constraints. Experimental results demonstrate the successful avoidance of singularities and joint limits, and the designed cooperative AFP system can fulfill the movement needed for manufacturing a composite structure with Y-shape.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Mechanical, Industrial and Aerospace Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Zhang, Xiaoming
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Mechanical Engineering
Date:3 November 2017
Thesis Supervisor(s):Xie, Wenfang and Hoa, Suong
ID Code:983359
Deposited By: ZHANG XIAOMING
Deposited On:05 Jun 2018 14:53
Last Modified:05 Jun 2018 14:53
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