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Market work, housework and childcare: A time use approach

Title:

Market work, housework and childcare: A time use approach

Cardia, Emanuela and Gomme, Paul (2018) Market work, housework and childcare: A time use approach. Review of Economic Dynamics, 29 . pp. 1-14. ISSN 10942025 (In Press)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.red.2017.12.002

Abstract

Raising children takes considerable time, particularly for women. Yet, the role of childcare time has received scant attention in the macroeconomics literature. We develop a life-cycle model in which the time dimension of childcare plays a central role. An important contribution of the paper is estimation of the parameters of a childcare production function using data on primary and secondary childcare time as reported in the American Time Use Survey (2003–2014). The model does a better job matching the observed life-cycle patterns of womens' time use than a model without childcare. Our counterfactual experiments show that the increase in the relative wage of women since the 1960s is an important factor in the increase in womens' work time; changes in fertility associated with the baby boom play a smaller role, and changes in the price of durables are found to have a negligible effect. We consider the effects of cheaper daycare. Not surprisingly, this experiment leads to greater use of daycare and more time allocated to market work. A knock-on effect of cheaper daycare is a substantial decline in primary childcare time.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Economics
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Cardia, Emanuela and Gomme, Paul
Journal or Publication:Review of Economic Dynamics
Date:December 2018
Funders:
  • Fonds Québécois de la Recherche sur la Société et la Culture (2012-SE-144688)
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (410-207-1171)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1016/j.red.2017.12.002
Keywords:Household technology; Childcare; Women labor force participation; Home production
ID Code:983371
Deposited By: DANIELLE DENNIE
Deposited On:04 Jan 2018 15:42
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 01:01

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