Login | Register

Market work, housework and childcare: A time use approach


Market work, housework and childcare: A time use approach

Cardia, Emanuela and Gomme, Paul (2018) Market work, housework and childcare: A time use approach. Review of Economic Dynamics, 29 . pp. 1-14. ISSN 10942025 (In Press)

Text (application/pdf)
Gomme_2017_Review-of-Economic-Dynamics.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.red.2017.12.002


Raising children takes considerable time, particularly for women. Yet, the role of childcare time has received scant attention in the macroeconomics literature. We develop a life-cycle model in which the time dimension of childcare plays a central role. An important contribution of the paper is estimation of the parameters of a childcare production function using data on primary and secondary childcare time as reported in the American Time Use Survey (2003–2014). The model does a better job matching the observed life-cycle patterns of womens' time use than a model without childcare. Our counterfactual experiments show that the increase in the relative wage of women since the 1960s is an important factor in the increase in womens' work time; changes in fertility associated with the baby boom play a smaller role, and changes in the price of durables are found to have a negligible effect. We consider the effects of cheaper daycare. Not surprisingly, this experiment leads to greater use of daycare and more time allocated to market work. A knock-on effect of cheaper daycare is a substantial decline in primary childcare time.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Economics
Item Type:Article
Authors:Cardia, Emanuela and Gomme, Paul
Journal or Publication:Review of Economic Dynamics
Date:December 2018
  • Fonds Québécois de la Recherche sur la Société et la Culture (2012-SE-144688)
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (410-207-1171)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1016/j.red.2017.12.002
Keywords:Household technology; Childcare; Women labor force participation; Home production
ID Code:983371
Deposited On:04 Jan 2018 15:42
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 01:01


Mark Aguiar, Erik Hurst Measuring trends in leisure: the allocation of time over five decades The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 122 (3) (2007), pp. 969–1006

Mary Dorinda Allard, Suzanne Bianchi, Jay Stewart, Vanessa R. Wright Comparing childcare measures in the ATUS and earlier time-diary studies Monthly Labor Review (2007), pp. 27–36

Orazio Attanasio, Hamish Low, Virginia Sánchez-Marcos Explaining changes in female labor supply in a life-cycle model The American Economic Review, 98 (4) (2008), pp. 1517–1552

Michael Baker, Jonathan Gruber, Kevin Milligan Universal child care, maternal labor supply, and family well-being Journal of Political Economy, 116 (4) (2008), pp. 709–745 https://ideas.repec.org/a/ucp/jpolec/v116y2008i4p709-745.html

Gary S. Becker A theory of the allocation of time The Economic Journal, 75 (1965), pp. 493–517

Jess Benhabib, Richard Rogerson, Randall Wright Homework in macroeconomics: household production and aggregate fluctuations Journal of Political Economy, 99 (6) (1991), pp. 1166–1187

Alexander Bick The Quantitative Role of Child Care for Female Labor Force Participation and Fertility No. 31713, MPRA Paper (2012)

Emanuela Cardia, Serena Ng Intergenerational time transfers and childcare Review of Economic Dynamics, 6 (2) (2003), pp. 431–454

Taryn Dinkelman The effects of rural electrification on employment: new evidence from South Africa The American Economic Review, 101 (7) (2011), pp. 3078–3108

David Domeij, Paul Klein Should day care be subsidized? The Review of Economic Studies, 80 (283) (2013), pp. 568–595

Raquel Fernández Cultural change as learning: the evolution of female labor force participation over a century The American Economic Review, 103 (1) (2013), pp. 472–500

Raquel Fernández, Joyce C. Wong Divorce risk, wages, and working wives: a quantitative life-cycle analysis of female labor force participation The Economic Journal, 124 (576) (2014), pp. 319–358

Alessandra Fogli, Laura Veldkamp Nature or nurture? Learning and the geography of female labor force participation Econometrica, 79 (4) (2011), pp. 1103–1138

Alexander M. Gelber, Joshua W. Mitchell Taxes and time allocation: evidence from single women and men The Review of Economic Studies, 79 (3) (2012), pp. 863–897

Paul Gomme, Richard Rogerson, Peter Rupert, Randall Wright Home production in a life-cycle model Mark Gertler, Kenneth Rogoff (Eds.), NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2004, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. and London (2005), pp. 415–461

Paul Gomme, Peter Rupert Theory, measurement, and calibration of macroeconomic models Journal of Monetary Economics, 54 (2) (2007), pp. 460–497

Jeremy Greenwood, Zvi Hercowitz The allocation of capital and time over the business cycle Journal of Political Economy, 99 (6) (1991), pp. 1188–1214

Jeremy Greenwood, Ananth Seshadri, Mehmet Yorukoglu Engines of liberation The Review of Economic Studies, 72 (1) (2005), pp. 109–133

Nezih Guner, Remzi Kaygusuz, Gustavo Ventura Taxation and household labour supply The Review of Economic Studies, 79 (3) (2012), pp. 1113–1149

Larry E. Jones, Ellen R. McGrattan, Rodolfo E. Manuelli Why are married women working so much? Journal of Demographic Economics, 81 (1) (2015), pp. 75–114

John A. Knowles Why are married men working so much? An aggregate analysis of intra-household bargaining and labour supply The Review of Economic Studies, 80 (3) (2013), pp. 1055–1085

Ellen R. McGrattan, Richard Rogerson, Randall Wright An equilibrium model of the business cycle with household production and fiscal policy International Economic Review, 38 (2) (1997), pp. 267–290

Claudia Olivetti Changes in women's hours of market work: the role of returns to experience Review of Economic Dynamics, 9 (4) (2006), pp. 557–587

Peter Rupert, Richard Rogerson, Randall Wright Estimating substitution elasticities in household production models Economic Theory, 6 (1) (1995), pp. 179–193

Klaus Schittkowski NLPQL: a FORTRAN subroutine solving constrained nonlinear programming problems Annals of Operations Research, 5 (1985/86), pp. 485–500
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Back to top Back to top