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Plasma-induced PAA-ZnO coated PVDF membrane for oily wastewater treatment: Preparation, optimization, and characterization through Taguchi OA design and synchrotron-based X-ray analysis

Title:

Plasma-induced PAA-ZnO coated PVDF membrane for oily wastewater treatment: Preparation, optimization, and characterization through Taguchi OA design and synchrotron-based X-ray analysis

Chen, Xiujuan, Huang, Gordon, An, Chunjiang, Feng, Renfei, Wu, Yinghui and Huang, Charley (2019) Plasma-induced PAA-ZnO coated PVDF membrane for oily wastewater treatment: Preparation, optimization, and characterization through Taguchi OA design and synchrotron-based X-ray analysis. Journal of Membrane Science, 582 . pp. 70-82. ISSN 03767388

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2019.03.091

Abstract

A novel membrane surface modification approach was proposed to successfully obtain a poly(vinylidene fluoride)-poly(acrylic acid)-ZnO (PVDF-PAA-ZnO) membrane with super-high water permeability and great oil rejection through cold plasma-induced PAA graft-polymerization followed by simple nano-ZnO self-assembly. The experimental parameters of modification were optimized and their optimal combination was identified using Taguchi orthogonal array (OA) design method. The PVDF-PAA-ZnO membrane was comprehensively characterized and the mechanism of nano-ZnO self-assembly was explored by contact angle measurement, scanning electron microscope (SEM) images, elemental analysis, tension test, Attenuated Total Reflection-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and synchrotron-based X-ray analyses. It was revealed that ZnO nanoparticles were immobilized onto membrane surface through the adsorption of PAA layer to form a PAA-ZnO coating without valence change. The carboxyl groups of PAA layer provided complexing ligands to coordinate with Zn2+ and form bidentate species on the nano-ZnO surface. The firm PAA-ZnO coating on PVDF membrane surface converted its hydrophobic nature to hydrophilic, bringing about the dramatically improvement of membrane performance both in water permeation flux and oil rejection rate. The permeation flux of the PVDF-PAA-ZnO membrane was more than 10 times as great as that of the pristine PVDF membrane.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Chen, Xiujuan and Huang, Gordon and An, Chunjiang and Feng, Renfei and Wu, Yinghui and Huang, Charley
Journal or Publication:Journal of Membrane Science
Date:30 March 2019
Funders:
  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
  • Canada Research Chairs Program (CRC)
  • National Key Research and Development Plan (2016YFC0502800)
  • Natural Sciences Foundation (51520105013, 51679087)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1016/j.memsci.2019.03.091
Keywords:Taguchi orthogonal array (OA) design; Plasma-induced PAA polymerization; Nano-ZnO self-assembly; Synchrotron-based X-ray analysis
ID Code:985428
Deposited By: MONIQUE LANE
Deposited On:22 May 2019 18:10
Last Modified:22 May 2019 18:10

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