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Steady and unsteady RANS simulations of pollutant dispersion around isolated cubical buildings: Effect of large-scale fluctuations on the concentration field

Title:

Steady and unsteady RANS simulations of pollutant dispersion around isolated cubical buildings: Effect of large-scale fluctuations on the concentration field

Tominaga, Yoshihide and Stathopoulos, Ted (2017) Steady and unsteady RANS simulations of pollutant dispersion around isolated cubical buildings: Effect of large-scale fluctuations on the concentration field. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 165 . pp. 23-33. ISSN 0167-6105

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jweia.2017.02.001

Abstract

The performance of unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes equations (URANS) for simulations of flow and dispersion fields around isolated cubical buildings has been examined in this study. URANS results were compared with those obtained from steady-RANS (SRANS) computations and experiments. The comparison determines not only the applicability of URANS simulations, but also the contribution of unsteady large-scale fluctuations to pollutant dispersion around buildings. Three different source locations, i.e. upwind, rooftop and downwind releases, were considered for pollutant dispersion around the building. It was found that the improvement of the predicted concentration field achieved by URANS largely depends on the source location. Although this improvement was not as significant in the upwind and rooftop release cases, the prediction accuracy achieved by URANS was substantially improved for the downwind release case, for which, the unsteady-RANS simulations yielded larger estimates of the momentum and concentration diffusions behind the building than SRANS did, improving the accuracy of the estimation of the mean concentration.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Authors:Tominaga, Yoshihide and Stathopoulos, Ted
Journal or Publication:Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
Date:15 April 2017
Funders:
  • Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research in Japan
  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1016/j.jweia.2017.02.001
ID Code:986081
Deposited By: THEODORE STATHOPOULOS
Deposited On:16 Jan 2020 20:49
Last Modified:16 Jan 2020 20:49
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