Login | Register

Music Therapists’ Perspectives on how Self-Awareness Impacts their Work with Adolescents


Music Therapists’ Perspectives on how Self-Awareness Impacts their Work with Adolescents

Ravaglioli, Raquel (2016) Music Therapists’ Perspectives on how Self-Awareness Impacts their Work with Adolescents. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

[thumbnail of Ravaglioli_MAMT_S2016.pdf]
Text (application/pdf)
Ravaglioli_MAMT_S2016.pdf - Accepted Version


A significant body of research indicates that self-awareness is recognized as a vital aspect in a therapist’s career. In a music therapy setting, self-awareness is also identified as a crucial aspect for music therapists who work with the adolescent population. However, studies have not yet established how music therapists’ self-awareness impacts their sessions when working with adolescents. Using a modified grounded theory method, this research investigated music therapists’ perspectives on how self-awareness impacts their work with adolescents. It comprised interviews of four board certified music therapists working with adolescents in the medical and/or mental health settings. Interview transcriptions were coded using methods from Hesse-Biber (2011). Comparisons were made of participants’ perceptions of self-awareness, reactions when self-aware, and influence of self-awareness during music therapy sessions with adolescents. Results indicated that music therapists address self-awareness personally and in regards to clients in order to adjust in the moment. Further research is recommended in order to explore self-awareness practices among music therapists and its complexity in greater detail. It is the researcher’s hope that music therapists utilize the findings of this research study to expand on and become more aware in their practice with specific populations of adolescents.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Fine Arts > Creative Arts Therapies
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Ravaglioli, Raquel
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Program:Creative Arts Therapies (Music Therapy)
Date:April 2016
Thesis Supervisor(s):Curtis, Sandi
Keywords:music therapists, self-awareness, music therapy, adolescents, perspectives, modified grounded theory
ID Code:980949
Deposited On:17 Jun 2016 15:59
Last Modified:09 Apr 2018 16:48


Adrienne, J. (2006). A feminist sociology of professional issues in music therapy. In S. Hadley
(Ed.), Feminist Perspectives in Music Therapy, (pp.41-62). Gilsum, NH: Barcelona.
American Music Therapy Association (2014). American Music Therapy Association Code of
Ethics. Retrieved from: http://www.musictherapy.org/about/ethics/
Amir, D. (2005). Grounded theory. In B. Wheeler (Ed), Music therapy research (2nd
ed.) (pp. 365-378). Gilsum, NH: Barcelona.
Austin, D. (1998). When the psyche sings: transference and countertransference in
improvised singing with individual adult. In K. E. Bruscia (Ed.), The Dynamics of Music Psychotherapy, (pp. 315–333). Gilsum, NH: Barcelona.
Bensimon, M. & Amir, D. (2010). Sharing my music with you: The musical presentation as a
tool for exploring, examining and enhancing self-awareness in a group setting. Journal of Creative Behavior. 44(4). Retrieved from: http://0-web.a.ebscohost.com.mercury.
Bruscia, K. (1998). The signs of countertransference. In K. Bruscia (Ed.), The dynamics
of music psychotherapy (pp. 71-91). Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers.
Camilleri, V. (2001). Therapist self-awareness: An essential tool in music therapy. The
Arts in Psychotherapy. 28, 79-85. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1016/S0197-4556(00)00069-1
Cartwright, C. (2011) Transference, countertransference, and reflective practice in
cognitive therapy. Clinical Psychologist, 15(3), 112-120. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-9552.2011.00030.x
Cheng, C., Govorun, O., & Chartrand, T. (2012). Effect of self-awareness on negative
affect among individuals with discrepant low-self-esteem. Self and Identity, 11, 304-316. doi: 10.1080/15298868.2011.567022
Clements-Cortes, A. (2013). HealthRHYTHMS: Adolescent drum protocol project with at-
risk students. Canadian Music Educator, 54(3), 54-57. Retrieved from http://0-web.b.ebscohost.com.mercury.concordia.ca/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=52e0e74f-e614-4e1d-b236-4666975ec8f1%40sessionmgr114&vid=17&hid=107
Coholic, D. (2011). Exploring the feasibility and benefits of arts-based mindfulness
based practices with young people in need: Aiming to improve aspects of self-awareness and resilience. Child Youth Care Forum 40, 303-317. doi: 10.1007/s10566-010-9139-x
Corey, G. (2005). The counselor: Person and Professional. In G. Corey (Ed.), Theory and
Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (7th ed.) (pp.16-35). Belmont, CA: Books/Cole publishers.
Daveson, B., O’Callaghan, C., & Grocke, D. (2008). Indigenous music therapy theory building
through grounded theory research: The developing indigenous theory framework. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 35, 280-286. doi:10.1016/j.aip.2008.06.005
Davis, M. (2010). Music and the expressive arts with children experiencing trauma.
Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 5(2), 125-133. doi: 10.1080/15401383.2010.485078
Dileo, C. (2006). Feminist therapy ethics: Implications for music therapy. In S. Hadley
(Ed.), Feminist Perspectives in Music Therapy (pp. 475-491). Gilsum, NH; Barcelona Publishers
Dillard, L. M. (2006). Musical countertransference experiences of music therapists: A
phenomenological study. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 33(3), 208-217. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1016/j.aip.2006.01.002 
DiRaimondo, D. (2002). The magic within the music: Exploring the use of music in
psychotherapy with adolescents. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 63(5-B), 2578.
Erkkila, J. (2011). Punker, bassgirl and dingo-man; Perspectives on adolescents’ music
therapy. In A. Meadows (Ed.), Development in music therapy practice: Case study perspectives (pp. 198-214). Gilsum, NH; Barcelona Publishers
Francis, T., Tan, A., Steward, K., Delgaty, L., & Bunner, M. (2014) B-11 gender effects
on self-awareness of executive functioning deficits in adolescents with ADHD. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: The Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists, 29(6), 540. doi:10.1093/arclin/acu038.99
Freud, S. (1937). Analysis terminable and interminable. International Journal of Psycho-
Analysis 18, 373-405. Retrieved from: http://icpla.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Freud-S.-Analysis-Terminable-and-Interminable.pdf
Galliher, R. & Kerpelman, J. (2012) The intersection of identity development and peer
relationship processes in adolescence and young adulthood: Contributions of the special issue. Journal of Adolescence, 35(6), 1409-1415. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2012.09.007
Gardstrom, S., & Jackson, N. (2011). Personal therapy for undergraduate music therapy
students: A survey of AMTA program coordinators. Journal of Music Therapy, 48(2), 226-255. Retrieved from http://jmt.oxfordjournals.org/content/48/2/226.
Gil, E., & Rubin, L. (2005). Countertransference play: Informing and enhancing therapist self
awareness through play. International Journal of Play Therapy, 14(2), 87-102. doi:10.1037/h0088904
Gonzalez, P. (2011). The impact of music therapists’ music cultures on the development
of their professional frameworks. Qualitative inquiries in music therapy, Vol. 6 (pp. 1-33). Barcelona Publishers. Retrieved from: http://www.bpbooks.org/QIMTV6/GONZALEZ.pdf 
Haase, U. & Reinhardt, A. (2011). “Taking a close look”: Emotional awareness as a core
principle in the music therapy treatment of a patient with an anxious-avoidant personality disorder. In. A. Meadows (Ed.), Development in Music Therapy Practice: Case Study Perspectives. (pp. 453-469). Gilsum, NH; Barcelona Publishers
Hayoung, A. (2011). Music therapy career aptitude test. Journal of Music Therapy, 48(3),
395-417. Retrieved from http://jmt.oxfordjournals.org/content/48/3/395.full.pdf+
Hesse-Biber, S., & Leavy, P. (2011). The practice of qualitative research (2nd ed.). Thousand
Oaks, CA: SAGE publications.
Hoskyns, S. (2002). Evolving capacity for wondering: The development of observation and
listening skills. In L. Blunt & S. Hoskyns (Eds.), The Handbook of Music Therapy, (pp. 167-188). New York, NY: Brunner-Routledge.
Jennings, L., & Skovhold, T. (1999). The cognitive, emotional, and relational
characteristics of master therapists. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 46(1), 3-11. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1037/0022-0167.46.1.3
Keen, A. (2004). Using music as a therapy tool to motivate troubled adolescents.
Social Work in Health Care 39(3/4), 361-373. doi: 10.1300/J010v39n03_09
Laiho, S. (2004). The psychological functions of music in adolescence. Nordic Journal of
Music Therapy, 13(1), 47-63.
Magee, W. (2000). Getting results: Planning to complete research successfully. In Robarts,
J. (Ed.), Music therapy research: Growing perspectives in theory and
Practice (Vol. 1) (pp. 95-102). BSMT publications.
McFerran, K. (2010). Adolescents, music and music therapy: Methods and
techniques for clinicians, educators and students. Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley.
McFerran, K. (2011). Moving out of your comfort zone: Group music therapy with
adolescents who have misused drugs. In A. Meadows (Ed.), Development in Music Therapy Practice: Case Study Perspectives. (pp. 248-267). Gilsum, NH; Barcelona.
Pedersen, I. (2009). Music therapy supervision with students and
professionals: The use of music and analysis of counter transference experiences in the triadic field. In H. Odell-Miller & E. Richards (Eds.), Supervision of music therapy: A theoretical and practical handbook (pp. 45-66). Abstract retrieved from http://0-web.a.ebscohost.com.mercury.concordia.ca/ehost/
Pelliterri, J. (2009). Emotional processes in music therapy. Gilsum, NH: Barcelona
Pieterse, A., Lee, M., Ritmeester, A., & Collins, N. (2013). Towards a model of self
awareness development for counseling and psychotherapy. Counseling Psychology Quarterly, 26(2), 190-207. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09515070.2013.793451
Pompeo, A., & Levitt, D. (2014). A path of counselor self-awareness. The American
Counseling Association. 59, 80-94. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-007X.2014.00043.x
Pope, K. & Tabachnick, B. (1994). Therapists as patients: A national survey of psychologists’
experiences, problems, and beliefs. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 25(3), 247-258. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1037/0735-7028.25.3.247 
Priestley, M. (1994). Essays on analytic music therapy. Phoenixville, PA: Barcelona.
Rae, T. & Pedersen, L. (2007). Developing emotional literacy with teenage boys:
Building confidence, self-esteem and self-awareness. London, England: Paul Chapman publishing.
Ruud, E. (1995). Music in the media: The soundtrack behind the construction of identity.
Young, 3(34), 34-45. doi: 10.1177/110330889500300204
Ruud, E. (1997). Music and identity. Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 6(1), 3-13.
doi: 10.1080/08098139709477889
Ruutel, E., Ratnik, M., Tamm, E., & Zilensk, H. (2004). The experience of
vibroacoustic therapy in therapeutic intervention of adolescent girls. Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 13(1), 33-46. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1080/08098130409478096 
Savela, T. (2013). Meaning of countertransference in a music therapy student’s clinical studies
– towards a professional perspective. (Unpublished masters thesis). University of Jyvaskyla, Finland. Retrieved from: https://jyx.jyu.fi/dspace/bitstream/handle/
Scheiby, B. B. (1998). The role of musical countertransference in analytical music
therapy. In K. Bruscia, (Ed.), The dynamics of music psychotherapy, (pp. 213–247). Gilsum, NH: Barcelona.
Scheiby, B. (2005). An intersubjective approach to music therapy: Identification of
processing of musical countertransference in a music psychotherapeutic context. Music Therapy Perspectives, 23, 8-17. Retrieved from http://mtp.oxfordjournals.org/
Sharma, M., & Jagdev, T. (2012). Use of music therapy for enhancing self-esteem among
academically stressed adolescents. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 27(1), 53-64. Retrieved from http://0-web.a.ebscohost.com.mercury.concordia.ca
Stige, B., Malterud, K., Midtgarden, T. (2009). Toward an agenda for evaluation of qualitative
research. Qualitative Health Research, 19(10), 1504-1516.
Turry, A (1998). Transference and counter transference in Nordoff-Robbins music
therapy. In K. Bruscia (Ed.), The dynamics of music psychotherapy (pp. 161-212). Gilsum, NH: Barcelona.
Watkins, D (2012). Qualitative research: The importance of conducting research that doesn’t
“count”. Health Promotion Practice, 13(2), 153-158. DOI: 10.1177/1524839912437370
Wildman, C. (1995). Music therapist as case study: Examining counter-transference
with a young child. Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 4(1), 3-10. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1080/08098139509477837 
Williams, E., & Fauth, J. (2005). A psychotherapy process study of therapist in session
self-awareness. Psychotherapy Research, 15(4), 374-381. doi: 10.1080/10503300500091355
Williams, E. (2008). A psychotherapy researcher’s perspective on therapist self-
awareness and self-focused attention after a decade of research. Psychotherapy Research. 18(2), 139-146. doi: 10.1080/10503300701691656
Winstone, W. & Gervis, M. (2006). Counter-transference and the self-aware sport
psychologist: Attitudes and patterns of professional practice. The Sport Psychologist, 20, 495-511. Retrieved from http://0-web.b.ebscohost.com.mercury.
Yedidia, T. (2005). Immigrant therapists' unresolved identity problems and counter-
transference. Clinical Social Work Journal, 33(2), 159-171. doi: http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1007/s10615-005-3530-3
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top