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Spectral comparison theorems in relativistic quantum mechanics


Spectral comparison theorems in relativistic quantum mechanics

Zorin, Petr (2016) Spectral comparison theorems in relativistic quantum mechanics. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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The classic comparison theorem of quantum mechanics states that if the comparison potentials are ordered then the corresponding energy eigenvalues are ordered as well, that is to say if $V_a\le V_b$, then $E_a\le E_b$. The nonrelativistic Schrodinger Hamiltonian is bounded below and the discrete spectrum may be characterized variationally. Thus the above theorem is the direct consequence of the min--max characterization of the discrete spectrum [1, 2]. The classic comparison theorem does not allow the graphs of the comparison potentials to cross over each other. The refined comparison theorem for the Schrodinger equation [3] overcomes this restriction by establishing conditions under which graphs of the comparison potentials can intersect and still preserve the ordering of eigenvalues.

The relativistic Hamiltonian is not bounded below and it is not easy to define the eigenvalues variationally. Therefore comparison theorems must be established by other means than variational arguments. Attempts to prove the nonrelativistic refined comparison theorem without using the min--max spectral characterization suggested the idea of establishing relativistic comparison theorems for the ground states of the Dirac and Klein--Gordon equations [4, 5]. Later relativistic comparison theorems were proved for all excited states by the use of monotonicity properties [6]. In the present work, refined comparison theorems have now been established for the Dirac \S 4.2.1 and \S 4.2.2 [7] and Klein--Gordon \S 4.1.1 and \S 4.1.2 [8] equations. In the simplest one--dimensional case, the condition $V_a\le V_b$ is replaced by $U_a\le U_b$, where $U_i=\int_0^xV_idt$, $x\in[0,\ \infty)$, and $i=a$ or $b$.

Special refined comparison theorems for spin--symmetric and pseudo--spin--symmetric relativistic problems [9], which also allow very strong potentials such as the harmonic oscillator \S 4.1.2, \S 4.2.1, and \S 4.2.2 [8, 10], are proved.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Mathematics and Statistics
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Zorin, Petr
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Date:1 August 2016
Thesis Supervisor(s):Hall, Richard
ID Code:981505
Deposited On:09 Nov 2016 19:44
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:53
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