Login | Register

An Intergenerational Art Therapy Intervention Using Street Art To Foster Place Attachment


An Intergenerational Art Therapy Intervention Using Street Art To Foster Place Attachment

Singer, Marissa (2016) An Intergenerational Art Therapy Intervention Using Street Art To Foster Place Attachment. [Graduate Projects (Non-thesis)] (Unpublished)

[thumbnail of Singer_MA_F2016.pdf]
Text (application/pdf)
Singer_MA_F2016.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.


This intervention research paper aims to fill the gap in intergenerational, adolescent, older adult, art therapy, place attachment, and street art research. By incorporating an analysis and synthesis of this literature, I have developed a new form of art therapy, “street art therapy”. This extensive research culminates in a proposed intergenerational art therapy intervention using street art, with the intention of fostering place attachment, and overall community safety. The first two steps of intervention research according to Fraser, Richman, Galinsky and Day (2009) are used to support this intervention, with the intent that it can be used to complete the remaining three steps of testing the intervention, evaluating and adjusting it based on the pilot and finalizing the intervention to be used at large. Considerations and Limitations are also described in the discussion section of this paper.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Fine Arts > Creative Arts Therapies
Item Type:Graduate Projects (Non-thesis)
Authors:Singer, Marissa
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Program:Creative Arts Therapies (Art Therapy Option)
Date:30 August 2016
Keywords:art therapy, street art, place attachment, intervention research, intergenerational, adolescents, older adults, adolescent place attachment, older adult place attachment, intergenerational place attachment, street art therapy, graffiti, graffiti art therapy, group art therapy, social cohesion, intergenerational solidarity, intergenerational closure
ID Code:981566
Deposited On:01 Sep 2016 12:43
Last Modified:10 Apr 2018 18:13


Anton, C. E., & Lawrence, C. (2014). Home is where the heart is: The effect of place of residence on place attachment and community participation. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 40, 451–461. doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2014.10.007

Bailey, N., Kearns, A., & Livingston, M. (2012). Place attachment in deprived neighbourhoods: The impacts of population turnover and social mix. Housing Studies, 27(2), 208–231. http://doi.org/10.1080/02673037.2012.632620

Bengtsen, P. (2013). Beyond the public art machine: A critical examination of street art as public art. Konsthistorisk tidskrift/Journal of Art History, 82(2), 63-80. doi: 10.1080/00233609.2012.762804

Burholt, V. (2012). The dimensionality of ‘place attachment’ for older people in rural areas of South West England and Wales. Environment and Planning A, 44, 2901-2921. doi: 10.1068/a4543

Checkoway, B., Richards-Schuster, K., Abdullah, S., Aragon, M., Facio, E., Figueroa, … White, A. (2003). Youth as competent citizens. Community Development Journal, 38(4), 298-309.

Dallago, M., Perkins, D. D., Santinello, M., Boyce, W., Molcho, M., & Morgan, A. (2009). Adolescent place attachment, social capital, and perceived safety: A comparison of 13 countries. American Journal of Community Psychology, 44(1-2), 148-160. doi: 10.1007/s10464-009-9250-z

De Dominicis, S., Fornara, F., Ganucci Cancellieri, U., Twigger-Ross, C., & Bonaiuto, M. (2015). We are at risk, and so what? Place attachment, environmental risk perceptions and preventive coping behaviours. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 43, 66–78. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2015.05.010

Duncum, P. (2011). Engaging public space: Art education pedadogies for social justice. Equity & Excellence in Education, 44(3), 348-363. doi: 10.1080/10665684.2011.590400

Erikson, E. H. (1982). The life cycle completed: A review. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company.

Fraser, M. W. & Galinsky, M. J. (2010). Steps in intervention research: Designing and developing social programs. Research on Social Work Practice. 20(5), 459-466. doi: 10.1177/1049731509358424

Fraser, M. W., Richman, J. M., Galinsky, M. J., & Day, S. H. (2009). Intervention Research: Developing Social Programs. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Gilleard, C., Hyde, M., & Higgs, P. (2007). The impact of age, place, aging in place, and attachment to place on the well-being of the over 50s in England. Research on Aging, 29(6), 590–605. http://doi.org/10.1177/0164027507305730

Hanna, S. (n.d.). Senior Street Art. Retrieved October 25, 2015, from http://www.seniorstreetart.de/seniors_english.html

Hanfling, P. (2016, January 15). Creating Connections, Breaking Down Barriers – Aging Well in Wales: Manchester’s Intergenerational Practice Toolkit. European Map of Intergenerational Learning. [PDF document] Retrieved from: http://www.emil-network.eu/creating-connections-breaking-down-barriers-manchester-intergenerational-practice-toolkit/

Harris, A. (2016). Retrieved from Oakland Mural Project Web site: http://oaklandmuralproject.com/

Heydon, R. M. (2007). Making meaning together: Multi‐modal literacy learning opportunities in an inter‐generational art program, Journal of Curriculum Studies, 39(1), 35-62. doi: 10.1080/00220270500422665

Hobson-Prater, T. L. (2011). Aging in Urban Communities, Neighborhood Senior Attachment and Youth Offending: New Roles and New Goals. Indiana University. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.iupui.edu/bitstream/handle/1805/2748/Hobson_Prater_Thesis.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Holsten, G. & Traub, D. (Director). (2014 Year). The Barefoot Artist [Motion Picture]. United States of America: Paladin

Jalava, V. (2013). Senior Graffiti – On an innovative participatory project among the elderly. Retrieved from: http://www.mustekala.info/node/35780

Jones, C. H. (2016, March 29). ‘Granny Does Graffiti’ brings dementia patients, street artists together. Colorado Public Radio. Retrieved from https://www.cpr.org/news/story/granny-does-graffiti-brings-dementia-patients-street-artists-together

Kapitan, L., Litell, M., & Torres, A. (2011). Creative art therapy in a community’s participatory research and social transformation. Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 28(2), 64–73. doi: 10.1080/07421656.2011.578238

Karlberg, M. (2012). K65 Graffiti Crew. Retrieved from http://www.kontinent.se/stories/k65_graffiti_crew#1

Klingman, A., Shalev, R., & Pearlman, A. (2000). Graffiti: a creative means of youth coping with collective trauma. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 27(5), 299–307. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0197-4556(00)00072-1

Kuehne, V.S & Melville, J. (2014). The state of our Art: A review of theories used in intergenerational program research (2003–2014) and ways forward. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 12(4), 317-346. doi:10.1080/15350770.2014.958969

Leffert, N., Benson, P. L., Scales, P. C., Sharma, A. R., Drake, D. R., & Blyth, D. A. (1998). Developmental assets: Measurement and prediction of risk behaviors among adolescents. Applied Developmental Science, 2(4), 209-230. doi:10.1207/s1532480xads0204_4

Maddox, D. (2016, March 23). Graffiti and street art can be controversial, but can also be a medium for voices of social change, protest, or expressions of community desire. What, how, and where are examples of graffiti as a positive force in communities? The Nature of Cities. Retrieved from: http://www.thenatureofcities.com/2016/03/23/graffiti-and-street-art-can-be-controversial-but-can-also-be-a-medium-for-voices-of-social-change-protest-or-expressions-of-community-desire-what-how-and-where-are-examples-of-graffiti-as-a-posi/

Malchiodi, C. (2013). What is Art Therapy? Retrieved from Cathy Malchiodi Web site: http://www.cathymalchiodi.com/about/what-is-art-therapy/

Montpetit, J. (2016, May 29). “St-Henri store stormed, looted in anti-gentrification protest”. Retrieved from CBC New Montreal Web site: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/notre-dame-street-3734-vandalism-gentrification-1.3605510

Moss, K. L. (2010). Cultural representation in Philadelphia murals: Images of resistance and sites of identity negotiation. Western Journal of Communication, 74(4), 372-395. doi: 10.1080/10570314.2010.492819

Off, C. & Douglas, J. (2015). Art knows no age limit: Seniors take up graffiti in Lisbon. CBC Radio. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/radio/asithappens/as-it-happens-tuesday-edition-1.3106427/art-knows-no-age-limit-seniors-take-up-graffiti-in-lisbon-1.3106637

Riggle, N. A. (2010). Street art: the transfiguration of the commonplaces. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 68(3), 243-257.

Riley, S. (1999). Contemporary Art Therapy with Adolescents. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley.

Rothman, E. E. (2002). Graffiti Art Therapy. Retrieved on February, 2015 from: http://www.graffitiverite.com/graffitiartTherapy.htm

Rossetto, E. (2012). A hermeneutic phenomenological study of community mural making and social action art therapy. Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 29(1), 19-26. doi:10.1080/07421656.2012.648105

Scannell, L., Gifford, R. (2009). Defining place attachment: A tripartite organizing framework. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30, 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2009.09.006

Silverman, L. K. (2004, May). At- risk youth and the creative process. Paper presented at ARTernatives for At-Risk Youth Conference, Colorado Springs.

Slayton, S. C. (2012). Building community as social actions: An art therapy group with adolescent males. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 39, 179-185. doi:10.1016/j.aip.2011.12.010

Smith, A. E., (2009). Aging in urban neighbourhoods: Place attachment and social exclusion. Bristol, UK: Policy Press.

Stanley, P. D. & Miller, M. M. (1993). Short-term art therapy with an adolescent male. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 20, 397-402.

Stephenson, R.C. (2013) Promoting well-being and gerotranscendence in an art therapy program for older adults, Art Therapy, 30(4), 151-158. doi:10.1080/07421656.2014.846206

The Teresa Group. (n.d). “Graffiti as therapy”. Retrieved on June 6, 2016 from: http://www.teresagroup.ca/gallery/grafitti-as-therapy

VanderVen, K. (1999). Intergenerational theory : The missing element in today’ s intergenerational programs. Child & Youth Services, 20(1-2), 33–47. http://doi.org/10.1300/J024v20n01_04

Wheeland, P. (2016, June 2). “St.-Henri’s anti-gentrification crew is totally off base”. Retrieved from Cult Montreal Web site: http://cultmontreal.com/2016/06/anti-gentrification-st-henri/

Yankov, I. (2011). Trauma and narrative fetishism as the source for creativity in the urban space. LIMES: Borderland Studies. 4(2), 122-130. doi:10.3846/20290187.2011.633247

Yeh, L. (2016). The Rwanda Healing Project. Retrieved from: http://barefootartists.org/the-rwanda-healing-project/

Wilson, J. Q., & Kelling, G. L. (1982, March). Broken windows. The Atlantic Online. Retrieved from: www.atlantic.com/doc/print/198203/broken-windows
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top