Login | Register

Modeling of Double Skin Façades Integrating Photovoltaic Panels and automated roller shades: Analysis of the Thermal and Electrical Performance


Modeling of Double Skin Façades Integrating Photovoltaic Panels and automated roller shades: Analysis of the Thermal and Electrical Performance

Ioannidis, Z., Buonomano, A., Athienitis, A.K. and Stathopoulos, T. (2017) Modeling of Double Skin Façades Integrating Photovoltaic Panels and automated roller shades: Analysis of the Thermal and Electrical Performance. Energy and Buildings . ISSN 03787788 (In Press)

[thumbnail of Stathopoulos-Energy-Buildings-2017.pdf]
Text (application/pdf)
Stathopoulos-Energy-Buildings-2017.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.08.046


A numerical model is developed for simulating a single or multi–story Double Skin Façade integrating Photovoltaics (DSF-PV). The DSF-PV can co-generate solar electricity and heat while it also allows daylight to be transmitted to the interior space. The buoyancy-driven air flow inside the cavity may be assisted by a fan to cool down the photovoltaics while providing natural or hybrid ventilation to adjacent zones. Automated roller shades are also implemented in the model and help regulate heating and cooling loads but also control the daylight levels in the indoor space. A parametric analysis for different control strategies for the airflow within the cavity and the roller shading devices is performed with the purpose to apply the proposed methodology to minimize the heating and cooling demand of the DSF-PV system. In addition, a parametric analysis for different adjacent zones floor areas is performed. The simulations show that a DSF-PV system can supply approximately 120kWh/façade area/year covering the yearly electricity demand of the adjacent office if the floor area is approximately less than 3 times larger than the floor area.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Article
Authors:Ioannidis, Z. and Buonomano, A. and Athienitis, A.K. and Stathopoulos, T.
Journal or Publication:Energy and Buildings
Date:30 August 2017
  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.08.046
Keywords:Double Skin Façade, BIPV, BIPV/T, Photovoltaics, multi-story, energy consumption
ID Code:983016
Deposited By: Danielle Dennie
Deposited On:12 Sep 2017 13:48
Last Modified:01 Sep 2018 00:01


Modeling, Design and Optimization of Net-Zero Energy Buildings (2015)

X. Cao, X. Dai, J. Liu Building energy-consumption status worldwide and the state-of-the-art technologies for zero-energy buildings during the past decade Energy Build., 128 (2016), pp. 198-213

A. Buonomano, G. De Luca, U. Montanaro, A. Palombo Innovative technologies for NZEBs: An energy and economic analysis tool and a case study of a non-residential building for the Mediterranean climate Energy Build., 121 (2016), pp. 318-343

S. Monteiro, R. Mateus, L. Marques, M. Ramos Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells Contribution of the solar systems to the nZEB and ZEB design concept in Portugal −Energy, economics and environmental life cycle analysis Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, 156 (2016), pp. 59-74

I. E. A. IEA, Expert Guide Part 2 Responsive Building Elements, 2009.

I. Sartori, A. Napolitano, K. Voss Net zero energy buildings: A consistent definition framework Energy Build., 48 (2012), pp. 220-232

R.A. Agathokleous, S.A. Kalogirou Double skin facades (DSF) and building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV): A review of configurations and heat transfer characteristics Renew. Energy, 89 (2016), pp. 743-756

D. Saelens, J. Carmeliet, H. Hens Energy Performance Assessment of Multiple-Skin Facades HVAC&R Res., 9 (2) (2003), pp. 167-185

E. Gratia, A. De Herde Are energy consumptions decreased with the addition of a double-skin? Energy Build., 39 (2007), pp. 605-619

M.A. Shameri, K. Alghoul, M.F.M. Zain, O. Elayeb Perspectives of double skin façade systems in buildings and energy saving, Renew. Sustain Energy Rev., 15 (3) (2011), pp. 1468-1475

G. Quesada, D. Rousse, Y. Dutil, M. Badache, S. Hallé A comprehensive review of solar facades. Transparent and translucent solar facades Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol., 16 (no. 5) (2012), pp. 2643-2651

S. Kala, T. Stathopoulos, K. Suresh Kumar Wind loads on rainscreen walls: Boundary-layer wind tunnel experiments J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn., vol., 96 (no. 6) (2008), pp. 1058-1073

F. Favoino, F. Goia, M. Perino, V. Serra Experimental analysis of the energy performance of an ACTive, RESponsive and Solar (ACTRESS) facade module Sol. Energy, 133 (2016), pp. 226-248

S. Barbosa, K. Ip Perspectives of double skin façades for naturally ventilated buildings: A review Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 40 (2014), pp. 1019-1029

E. Gratia, A. De Herde Is day natural ventilation still possible in office buildings with a double-skin façade? Build. Environ., 39 (2004), pp. 399-409

E. Gratia, A. De Herde Natural ventilation in a double-skin facade
Energy Build., 36 (2) (2004), pp. 137-146

E. Gratia, A. De Herde Natural cooling strategies efficiency in an office building with a double-skin façade Energy Build., 36 (11) (2004), pp. 1139-1152

A. de Gracia, L. Navarro, A. Castell, L.F. Cabeza Energy performance of a ventilated double skin facade with PCM under different climates Energy Build., 91 (2015), pp. 37-42

A. Fallahi, F. Haghighat, H. Elsadi Energy performance assessment of double-skin facade with thermal mass Energy Build., 42 (no. 9) (2010), pp. 1499-1509

E. Gratia, A. De Herde The most efficient position of shading devices in a double-skin facade Energy Build., 39 (2007), pp. 364-373

H. Manz Total solar energy transmittance of glass double facades with free convection Energy Build., 36 (2) (2004), pp. 127-136

D. Saelens, S. Roels, H. Hens Strategies to improve the energy performance of multiple-skin facades Build. Environ., 43 (2008), pp. 638-650

V. Gavan, M. Woloszyn, F. Kuznik, J.J. Roux Experimental study of a mechanically ventilated double-skin facade with venetian sun-shading device: A full-scale investigation in controlled environment Sol. Energy, 84 (2) (2010), pp. 183-195

W. Pasut, M. De Carli Evaluation of various CFD modelling strategies in predicting airflow and temperature in a naturally ventilated double skin faade Appl. Therm. Eng., 37 (2012), pp. 267-274

M. Coussirat, A. Guardo, E. Jou, E. Egusquiza, E. Cuerva, P. Alavedra Performance and influence of numerical sub-models on the CFD simulation of free and forced convection in double-glazed ventilated facades Energy Build., 40 (no. 10) (2008), pp. 1781-1789

N. Safer, M. Woloszyn, J.J. Roux Three-dimensional simulation with a CFD tool of the airflow phenomena in single floor double-skin facade equipped with a venetian blind Sol. Energy, 79 (2005), pp. 193-203

Y. Ji, M.J. Cook, V.I. Hanby, D.G. Infield, D.L. Loveday, L. Mei, Q. Building, T. Gateway, L.L.E. Uk CFD MODELLING OF DOUBLE-SKIN FAÇADES WITH VENETIAN BLINDS Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development, De Montfort University, Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology Department of Electronic and Electrical Department of Civil and Building, 1491-1498 (2007)

X.L. Xu, Z. Yang Natural ventilation in the double skin facade with venetian blind Energy Build., 40 (2008), pp. 1498-1504

Z. Zeng, X. Li, C. Li, Y. Zhu Modeling ventilation in naturally ventilated double-skin facade with a venetian blind Build. Environ., 57 (2012), pp. 1-6

L. Liao Numerical and Experimental Study of Heat Transfer in a BIPV-Thermal System J. Sol. Energy Eng., vol., 129 (no. 4) (2007), p. 423
a. K. Athienitis, L., Candanedo, K.-W. Park, Y. Poissant, and M. Collins, p

R. Charron, A.K. Athienitis Optimization of the performance of double-façades with integrated photovoltaic panels and motorized blinds Sol. Energy, 80 (2006), pp. 482-491

J.H. Yoon, J. Song, S.J. Lee Practical application of building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) system using transparent amorphous silicon thin-film PV module Sol. Energy, 85 (5) (2011), pp. 723-733

L. Olivieri, E. Caamano-Martin, F.J. Moralejo-Vazquez, N. Martin-Chivelet, F. Olivieri, F.J. Neila-Gonzalez Energy saving potential of semi-transparent photovoltaic elements for building integration Energy, 76 (2014), pp. 572-583

K. Kapsis, A.K. Athienitis A study of the potential benefits of semi-transparent photovoltaics in commercial buildings Sol. Energy, 115 (2015), pp. 120-132

L. Lu, K.M. Law Overall energy performance of semi-transparent single-glazed photovoltaic (PV) window for a typical office in Hong Kong Renew. Energy, 49 (2013), pp. 250-254

L. Gaillard, C. Ménézo, S. Giroux, H. Pabiou, R. Le-Berre Experimental Study of Thermal Response of PV Modules Integrated into Naturally-ventilated Double Skin Facades Energy Procedia, 48 (2014), pp. 1254-1261

L. Gaillard, S. Giroux-Julien, C. Ménézo, H. Pabiou Experimental evaluation of a naturally ventilated PV double-skin building envelope in real operating conditions Sol. Energy, 103 (2014), pp. 223-241

J. Peng, D.C. Curcija, L. Lu, S.E. Selkowitz, H. Yang, W. Zhang Numerical investigation of the energy saving potential of a semi-transparent photovoltaic double-skin facade in a cool-summer Mediterranean climate Appl. Energy, 165 (2016), pp. 345-356

A. De Gracia, A. Castell, L. Navarro, E. Oró, L.F. Cabeza Numerical modelling of ventilated facades: A review Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 22 (2013), pp. 539-549

J.M. Blanco, A. Buruaga, E. Rojí, J. Cuadrado, B. Pelaz Energy assessment and optimization of perforated metal sheet double skin façades through Design Builder; A case study in Spain Energy Build., 111 (2016), pp. 326-336

L. Mei, D. Infield, U. Eicker, V. Fux Thermal modelling of a building with an integrated ventilated PV facade Energy Build., 35 (no. 6) (2003), pp. 605-617

A.S. Anđelković, I. Mujan, S. Dakić Experimental validation of a EnergyPlus model: Application of a multi-storey naturally ventilated double skin façade Energy Build., 118 (2016), pp. 27-36

S. Flores Larsen, C. Filippin, G. Lesino Modeling double skin green facades with traditional thermal simulation software Sol. Energy, 121 (2015), pp. 56-67

H. Elarga, F. Goia, A. Zarrella, A. Dal Monte, E. Benini Thermal and electrical performance of an integrated PV-PCM system in double skin façades: A numerical study Sol. Energy, 136 (2016), pp. 112-124

Matlab Matworks (2016) [Online]. Available: http://www.mathworks.com/

A. Tzempelikos, A.K. Athienitis, P. Karava Simulation of facade and envelope design options for a new institutional building Sol. Energy, 81 (9) (2007), pp. 1088-1103

J.F. Kreider, P.S. Curtiss, A. Rabl Heating and Cooling of Buildings: Design for Efficiency Second. NewYork: McGraw-Hill (2002)

A.K. Athienitis Building Thermal Analysis Math Soft, Inc (1993), p. 1998

A.K. Athienitis, M. Stylianou Method and Global Relationship for Estimation of Transmitted Solar Energy Distribution in Passive Solar Rooms Method and Global Relationship for Estimation of Transmitted Solar Energy Distribution in Passive Solar Rooms, vol. 8312, no August (2016)

M. Sandberg Cooling of Building Integrated Photovoltaics by Ventilation Air, IEA-ECB& CS Annex, 35 (1999)

S. Pantic, L. Candanedo, a. K. Athienitis Modeling of energy performance of a house with three configurations of building-integrated photovoltaic/thermal systems Energy Build., 42 (no. 10) (2010), pp. 1779-1789

G.N. Walton Algorithms for Calculating Radiation View Factors Between Plane Convex Polygons With Obstructions. National Bureau of Standards NBSIR, 8 (1986), pp. 6-3463

A.B. Shapiro Computer Implementation, Accuracy, and Timing of Radiation View Factor Algorithms ASME J. Heat Transf., no., 107 (1985), pp. 730-732

F.P. Incropera, D.P. DeWitt Introduction to Heat Transfer, 6th editio
Wiley (2011)

M.G. Emmel, M.O. Abadie, N. Mendes New external convective heat transfer coefficient correlations for isolated low-rise buildings Energy Build., 39 (no. 3) (2007), pp. 335-342

W. Lou, M. Huang, M. Zhang, N. Lin Experimental and zonal modeling for wind pressures on double-skin facades of a tall building Energy Build., 54 (2012), pp. 179-191

M. Dongellini, C. Naldi, G.L. Morini Sizing effects on the energy performance of reversible air-source heat pumps for office buildings Appl. Therm. Eng., 114 (2017), pp. 1073-1081

Z. Ioannidis Double Skin Facades Integrating Photovoltaic Panels
Motorized Shades and Controlled Air Flow, Concordia University (2016)


C.F. Reinhart, J.A. Jakubiec, D. Ibarra DEFINITION OF A REFERENCE OFFICE FOR STANDARDIZED EVALUATIONS OF DYNAMIC FAÇADE AND LIGHTING TECHNOLOGIES 1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA 2 Harvard University, Graduate School of Design, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA, 13th Conf. Int. Build. Perform. Simul Assoc.,. (2013), pp. 3645-3652

C.K. Wilkins, M.H. Hosni Plug load design factors ASHRAE J., 53 (no. 5) (2011), pp. 30-34
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top