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GDFE: Geometry-Driven Finite Element for Four-Dimensional Printing


GDFE: Geometry-Driven Finite Element for Four-Dimensional Printing

Kwok, Tsz Ho ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7240-1426 and Chen, Yong (2017) GDFE: Geometry-Driven Finite Element for Four-Dimensional Printing. Journal Of Manufacturing Science And Engineering, 139 (11). p. 111006.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.4037429


Four-dimensional (4D) printing is a new category of printing that expands the fabrication process to include time as the forth dimension, and its process planning and simulation have to take time into consideration as well. The common tool to estimating the behavior of a deformable object is the finite element method (FEM). Although FEM is powerful, there are various sources of deformation from hardware, environment, and process, just to name a few, which are too complex to model by FEM. This paper introduces Geometry-Driven Finite Element (GDFE) as a solution to this problem. Based on the study on geometry changes, the deformation principles can be drawn to predict the relationship between the 4D-printing process and the shape transformation. Similar to FEM, the design domain is subdivided into a set of GDFEs, and the principles are applied on each GDFE, which are then assembled to a larger system that describes the overall shape. The proposed method converts the complex sources of deformation to a geometric optimization problem, which is intuitive and effective. The usages and applications of the GDFE framework have also been presented in this paper, including freeform design, reserve design, and design validation.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Mechanical, Industrial and Aerospace Engineering
Item Type:Article
Authors:Kwok, Tsz Ho and Chen, Yong
Journal or Publication:Journal Of Manufacturing Science And Engineering
Date:13 September 2017
  • Natural Sciences & Engineering Research Council of Canada
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1115/1.4037429
ID Code:983466
Deposited By: Tsz Ho Kwok
Deposited On:05 Feb 2018 14:17
Last Modified:12 Sep 2018 00:00


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