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4D Printing: Design and Fabrication of Smooth Curved Surface Using Controlled Self-Folding


4D Printing: Design and Fabrication of Smooth Curved Surface Using Controlled Self-Folding

Deng, Dongping, Kwok, Tsz Ho ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7240-1426 and Chen, Yong (2017) 4D Printing: Design and Fabrication of Smooth Curved Surface Using Controlled Self-Folding. Journal Of Mechanical Design, 139 (8). 081702.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.4036996


Traditional origami structures fold along pre-defined hinges, and the neighboring facets of the hinges are folded to transform planar surfaces into three-dimensional (3D) shapes. In this study, we present a new self-folding design and fabrication approach that has no folding hinges and can build 3D structures with smooth curved surfaces. This four-dimensional (4D) printing method uses a thermal-response control mechanism, where a thermo shrink film is used as the active material and a photocurable material is used as the constraint material for the film. When the structure is heated, the two sides of the film will shrink differently due to the distribution of the constraint material on the film. Consequently, the structure will deform over time to a 3D surface that has no folding hinges. By properly designing the coated constraint patterns, the film can be self-folded into different shapes. The relationship between the constraint patterns and their correspondingly self-folded surfaces has been studied in the paper. Our 4D printing method presents a simple approach to quickly fabricate a 3D shell structure with smooth curved surfaces by fabricating a structure with accordingly designed material distribution.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Mechanical, Industrial and Aerospace Engineering
Item Type:Article
Authors:Deng, Dongping and Kwok, Tsz Ho and Chen, Yong
Journal or Publication:Journal Of Mechanical Design
Date:22 June 2017
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.1115/1.4036996
ID Code:983468
Deposited By: Tsz Ho Kwok
Deposited On:05 Feb 2018 14:29
Last Modified:12 Jun 2018 00:00


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