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Dyadic Coping, Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia, and Depressive Symptoms Among Parents of Preschool Children


Dyadic Coping, Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia, and Depressive Symptoms Among Parents of Preschool Children

Switzer, Andrew, Caldwell, Warren, da Estrela, Chelsea, Barker, Erin T and Gouin, Jean-Philippe (2018) Dyadic Coping, Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia, and Depressive Symptoms Among Parents of Preschool Children. Frontiers in Psychology, 9 . ISSN 1664-1078

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01959


Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is a biomarker of cardiac vagal tone that has been linked to social functioning. Recent studies suggest that RSA moderates the impact of interpersonal processes on psychosocial adjustment. The goal of this study was to assess whether RSA would moderate the association between dyadic coping (DC) and depressive symptoms. Eighty cohabiting couples raising preschool children completed the Dyadic Coping Inventory, the Center for Epidemiological Study-Depression scale and had their RSA assessed during a laboratory session. Couples completed follow-up assessments of depressive symptoms 6 and 12 months later. Data were analyzed using an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model. Results indicated that RSA moderated the actor effect of negative DC on depression in men, such that men with lower RSA had a stronger association between their own ratings of negative DC within the couple relationship and their own depressive symptoms, compared to their counterparts with higher RSA. RSA also moderated the partner effect of delegated DC on depressive symptoms. Among men with higher RSA, there was a significant negative association between their partner’s ratings of delegated DC within the couple relationship and the men’s depressive symptoms, whereas partner-rated delegated DC was unrelated to depressive symptoms among men with lower RSA. These results suggest that men with higher RSA may possess social skills and abilities that attenuate the association between stressful marital interactions and negative mood.

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Arts and Science > Psychology
Item Type:Article
Authors:Switzer, Andrew and Caldwell, Warren and da Estrela, Chelsea and Barker, Erin T and Gouin, Jean-Philippe
Journal or Publication:Frontiers in Psychology
  • Concordia Open Access Author Fund
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Insight Development Grant
  • Canada Research Chair Grant
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01959
Keywords:dyadic coping, respiratory sinus arrhythmia, heart rate variability, depression, stress, social support
ID Code:984612
Deposited On:24 Oct 2018 20:49
Last Modified:24 Oct 2018 20:49


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