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Hydrothermal/Solvothermal Synthesis of Hierarchical Titanium Dioxide Photocatalysts for Indoor Air Purification


Hydrothermal/Solvothermal Synthesis of Hierarchical Titanium Dioxide Photocatalysts for Indoor Air Purification

Haghighatmamaghani, Alireza (2019) Hydrothermal/Solvothermal Synthesis of Hierarchical Titanium Dioxide Photocatalysts for Indoor Air Purification. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Energy saving policies applied to modern buildings, tighter building envelopes, and decline in outdoor air quality promote the escalation in levels of indoor air pollutants. In recent years, concerns regarding the impact of indoor air quality (IAQ) on human health especially in well-insulated buildings in metropolitans have created a pressing need for reliable air remediation technologies. Heterogeneous ultraviolet photocatalytic oxidation (UV-PCO) has been put forward as an efficient method to ameliorate IAQ via catalytic degradation of harmful organic compounds to benign final products.
In this context, developing highly photoactive and durable photocatalysts that can perform satisfactorily under realistic conditions is sought after to expedite UV-PCO systems commercialization. Photocatalyst’s performance is a function of several interconnected features: crystallinity, crystal phase and size, surface area, porosity, surface chemistry, light-harvesting ability, exposed facet, and charge-separation efficiency. In this regard, thanks to their unique morphology and multimodal porosity, hierarchical photocatalysts can incorporate high molecular diffusion/transport, superior light harvesting, and large surface area. Template-free hydrothermal/solvothermal route is a green, versatile, and less costly strategy for fabricating hierarchical photocatalysts with controlled characteristics.
Taking into account the above-mentioned merits of hierarchical photocatalysts and hydrothermal synthesis method, the core objectives of this research are:
1) Synthesize hierarchically porous titanium dioxide materials with enhanced photoactivity with respect to commercially available photocatalysts (e.g. P25) via hydrothermal method.
2) Explore the complex preparation-property-performance relationships for titanium dioxide photocatalysts utilized in photocatalytic air purification.
3) Examine the role of photocatalyst’s morphology in photocatalytic degradation by developing several potentially promising structures and assess their performance.
4) Investigate the improvement in photocatalytic filter activity and stability with combining hierarchical titanium dioxide with carbonaceous support.
5) Evaluate the activity of photocatalysts under realistic operating conditions to provide reliable information regarding the capability of UV-PCO air purifiers.
To accomplish these goals, a large number of TiO2 photocatalysts are synthesized by systematically varying the hydrothermal preparation parameters (e.g. time, temperature, pressure, pH, solvent, titanium precursor, calcination temperature, etc.). Accordingly, by means of comprehensive characterization, the influence of synthetic methodology on textural, morphological, and crystallographic properties of photocatalysts is investigated. In the last stage, the performance of photocatalyst is evaluated by degradation of two prevalent indoor air pollutants (toluene and methyl ethyl ketone (MEK)) at wide ranges of operating conditions.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Haghighatmamaghani, Alireza
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Building Engineering
Date:January 2019
Thesis Supervisor(s):Haghighat, Fariborz and Lee, Chang-Seo
ID Code:985022
Deposited By: Alireza Haghighatmamaghani
Deposited On:10 Jun 2019 13:07
Last Modified:25 Feb 2020 01:00
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