Login | Register

Honouring Resistance: A performance autoethnography created by a second generation Chinese settler drama therapist working with Indigenous clients using response-based practice


Honouring Resistance: A performance autoethnography created by a second generation Chinese settler drama therapist working with Indigenous clients using response-based practice

Yong, Bill (2019) Honouring Resistance: A performance autoethnography created by a second generation Chinese settler drama therapist working with Indigenous clients using response-based practice. [Graduate Projects (Non-thesis)] (Unpublished)

[thumbnail of Yong_MA_S2019-2.pdf]
Text (application/pdf)
Available under License Spectrum Terms of Access.


I created this performance autoethnography with an agenda and a bias. My bias is that drama therapy discourses about trauma are causing more harm than help for many Indigenous clients. My motivation with this research is to document my journey of decolonizing my own drama therapy approach by honouring Indigenous resistance and investigating our problematic discourses about intergenerational trauma. As a theatre artist, I have come to understand my experiences through my body, somatically and physically. As a social activist and ethical therapist, I aspire to consistently hold my choices personally and clinically accountable to the greater social reality. As a settler on Turtle Island (Canada), I therefore need to reflect and hold my settler-privilege accountable. As a drama therapist, I hope to process my experiences through both a personal discourse and an academic lens to better serve and understand my clients. This paper delineates my experiences of exploring intergenerational trauma and responses to colonial violence through a response-based lens. It utilizes a performance autoethnography methodology to investigate my personal response, as a second generation Chinese settler born and raised on Treaty 6 Territory, in working with Indigenous clients living in Tiohtià ke (Montreal).

Divisions:Concordia University > Faculty of Fine Arts > Creative Arts Therapies
Item Type:Graduate Projects (Non-thesis)
Authors:Yong, Bill
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A.
Program:Creative Arts Therapies (Drama Therapy Option)
Date:30 August 2019
Keywords:resistance, response-based practice, drama therapy, Chinese, Settler, Indigenous, intergenerational trauma, social justice, performance autoethnography
ID Code:986894
Deposited By: Bill Yong
Deposited On:17 Jun 2020 15:47
Last Modified:16 Feb 2021 23:57


Alexander, B. K. (1999). Performing culture in the classroom: An instructional (auto) ethnography. Text & Performance Quarterly, 19(4), 307-331.

Alexander, B. K. (2000). Skin flint (or, The garbage man’s kid): A generative autobiographical performance based on Tami Spry’s Tattoo stories. Text and Performance Quarterly, 20(4), 97-114.

American Psychiatric Association, DSM-5 Task Force. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5 (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.

Andrews, B., Brewin, C. R., & Rose, S. (2003). Gender, social support, and PTSD in victims of violent crime. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 16(4), 421-427.

Ansloos, J. (2018). Rethinking Indigenous suicide. IJIH, 13(2), 8-28. DOI 10.18357/ijih.v13i2.32061

Antone, R.A., D.L. Miller [Hill], and B.A. Myers. (1986). The power within people: A community organizing perspective. Deseronto, ON: Peace Tree Technologies.

Ball, J. (2008). Cultural safety in practice for children, families and communities. Early Childhood Development Intercultural Partnerships, University of Victoria, Retrieved from http://www.ecdip.org/culturalsafety/.

Bishop, Russell. (1998). Freeing ourselves from neo-colonial domination in research: A Maori approach to creating knowledge. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 66(11), 199–219.

Blackstock, C. (2003). First Nations child and family services: Restoring peace and harmony in First Nations communities. In K. Kufeldt and B. McKenzie (Ed.) Child Welfare: Connecting Research Policy and Practice (pp. 331-343), Wilfrid Laurier University Press, Waterloo.

Brascoupé, S. & Waters, C. (2009). Cultural safety exploring the applicability of the concept of cultural safety to Aboriginal health and community wellness. International Journal of Indigenous Health, 5(2), 6-41.

Belanger, Y. D., Awosoga, O., & G.W., Head (2013). Homelessness, urban Aboriginal people, and the need for a national enumeration. Aboriginal Policy Studies, 2(2), 4-33.

Benoit, C., D. Carroll, and M. Chaudhry. (2003). In search of a healing place: Aboriginal women in Vancouver’s Downtown East side. Social Science and Medicine, 56(4), 821-933.

Bishop, R. (1996). Collaborative research stories: Whakawhanaungatanga. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Dunmore Press.

Blackstock, C. (2011). The emergence of the Breath of Life Theory. Journal of Social Work and Ethics, 8(1). Retrieved from http://jswve.org/download/2011-1/spr11-blackstock-Emergence-breath-of-life-theory.pdf

Blackstock, C., & Trocmé, N. (2005). Community based child welfare for Aboriginal children. In M. Ungar (Ed.), Handbook for working with children and youth: Pathways to resilience across cultures and contexts (pp. 105−120). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Bleuer, J., Chin, M., & Sakamoto, I. (2018). Why theatre-based research works? psychological theories from behind the curtain. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 15(2-3), 395-411.

Brady, M. (2015). Cultural considerations in play therapy with Aboriginal children in Canada. First Peoples Child & Family Review, 10(2), 95–109.

Brave Heart, M. Y. H. (1998). The return to the sacred path: Healing the historical trauma and historical unresolved grief response among the Lakota through a psychoeducational group intervention. Smith College Studies in Social Work, 68(3), 287-305.

Brave Heart, M. Y. H. (2003). The historical trauma response among Natives and its relationship with substance abuse: A Lakota illustration. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 35(1), 7–13.

Brown, L. E. (2015). Response Based Drama Therapy: A Viable Option for Youth Experiencing Anxiety (Thesis). City University. Vancouver Island, British Columbia.

Burstow, B. (2003). Toward a radical understanding of trauma and trauma work. Violence Against Women, 9(11), 1293-1317.

Calgary Women’s Emergency Shelter. (2007). Honouring resistance: How women resist abuse in intimate relationships (formerly resistance to violence and abuse in intimate relationships: A Response-Based perspective) Available from Calgary Women's Emergency Shelter, P.O. Box 52051 Edmonton Trail N., Calgary, Alberta T2E 8K9.

Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association Code of Ethics. (2007).
Retrieved from https://www.ccpa-accp.ca/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/CodeofEthics-

Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association Standards of Practice. (2015).
Retrieved from https://www.ccpa-accp.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/StandardsOfPractice_en_June2015.pdf

Centre for Response-Based Practice. (2019). Our Philosophy. Retrieved January 24, 2019 from https://www.responsebasedpractice.com.

Chrisjon, R., & Young, S. (1997). The circle game: Shadows and substance in the Indian residential school experience in Canada. Penticton, BC: Theytus Books.

Coates, L. & Wade, A. (2007). Language and violence: Analysis of four discursive operations. Family Violence, 22(7), 511-522.

Coates, L. & Wade, A. (2015). ‘We’re in the 21st century after all’: Analysis of social response in individual support and institutional reform. In M. Hyden, D. Gadd, A., Wade (Eds.) Response based approaches to the study of interpersonal violence (pp. 176-195). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Concordia University Indigenous Directions Leadership Group. (2017). Territorial Acknowledgement. Concordia University.

Conquergood, D. (1998). Beyond the text: Toward a performative cultural politics. In S. J. Dailey (Ed.), The future of performance studies: Visions and revisions (pp. 25–36). Annadale, VA: National Communication Association.

Craik, L., Ogden, C., Todd, N., & Weaver, J. (2007). Honouring resistance: How women resist abuse in intimate relationships. Calgary Women’s Emergency Shelter.

Crawford, L. (1996). Personal ethnography. Communication Monographs, 63(2), 158-170.

Dubrasky, D., Sorensen, S., Donovan, A. & Corser, G. (2019). Discovering inner strengths: a co-facilitative poetry therapy curriculum for groups, Journal of Poetry Therapy, 32(1), 1-10. DOI: 10.1080/08893675.2019.1548924

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2018). The SAGE handbook of qualitative research. Los Angeles: Sage.

Dhudwal, S. & Sheehan, C. (2011). A Content Analysis of Response-Based Practice (Thesis). University of Victoria.

Duran, E.F. (2006). Healing the soul wound: Counselling with American Indian and other Native peoples. New York, NY: Teachers College, Columbia University.

Durrant, M., & Kowalski, L. (1990). Overcoming the effects of sexual abuse: Developing self-perception of competence. In M. Durrant & C. White (Eds.), Ideas for rherapy with sexual abuse (pp. 65-110). Dulwich: Dulwich Centre Publications.

Ellis, C., & Bochner, A. P. (Eds.). (1996). Composing ethnography: Alternative forms of qualitative writing. Walnut Creek, CA: Alta Mira Press.

Ellis, C., Adams, T. & Bochner, A. (2010). Autoethnography: an overview. Forum Qualitative
Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 12(1). Article 10. Retrieved from http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/1589/3095.

Ellis, C. (2004). The ethnographic I: A methodological novel about autoethnography. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.

Ellis, C., & Flaherty, M. G. (Eds.). (1992). Investigating subjectivity: Research on lived experience. London: Sage.

Emunah, R. (2014). Self-revelatory performance in mitigating the impact of trauma. In N. Sajnani & D.R Johnson’s Trauma-informed Drama Therapy: Transforming clinics, classrooms, and communities (pp 93-121). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, Publisher.

Emunah, R. (2015). Self-revelatory performance: A form of Drama Therapy and theatre. Drama Therapy Review, 1(1), 71-85.

Ermine, W. (1995). Aboriginal Epistemology. In M. Battiste and K. Barman (eds.), First Nations education in Canada: The circle unfolds. Vancouver BC: University of British Columbia Press.

Evans, A. (2004). Chee Chee: A study of Aboriginal suicide. Montreal, Quebec, and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Farris-Manning, C., & Zandstra, M. (2003). Children in care in Canada: Summary of current issues and trends and recommendations for future research. Unpublished manuscript.

Frydman, J. S. & McLellan, L. (2014). Complex trauma and executive functioning: Envisioning a cognitive-based, trauma-informed approach to Drama Therapy. In N. Sajnani & D. R. Johnson (Eds.), Trauma-informed Drama Therapy: Transforming clinics, classrooms, and communities (pp. 152-178). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publishers.

Glass, J. (2006). Working toward aesthetic distance. In C. Lois (Eds.), Expressive and creative arts methods for trauma survivors (pp. 57-71). Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Goffman, I. (1961). Asylums. New York: Doubleday.

Goforth, S. (2007). Aboriginal healing methods for residential school abuse and intergenerational effects: A review of the literature. Native Social Work Journal: Resistance and Resiliency: Addressing Historical Trauma of Aboriginal peoples, 6(1), 11-32.

Goodall, Jr., H. L. (1998, November). Notes for the autoethnography and autobiography panel NCA. A paper presented at the National Communication Association Convention in New York City.

Gone, J.P. (2004). “Mental Health services for Native Americans in the 21st century United States.” Professional psychology: Research and Practice, 35(1), 10-18.

Gulliver-Garcia, T. (2015). Putting an End to Child & Family Homelessness in Canada. Toronto, ON: Raising the Roof.

Harnden, B. (2014). You arrive: Trauma performed and transformed. In N. Sajnani & D. R. Johnson (Eds.), Trauma-informed Drama Therapy: Transforming clinics, classrooms, and communities (pp. 122-151). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publishers.

Harter, S. (2007). Visual art making for therapist growth and self-care. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 20(2), 167-182. doi:10.1080/10720530601074721.

Hervey, L. W. (2000). Artistic inquiry in dance/movement therapy. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.

Hodge, D.R., G.E. Limb, and T.L. Cross. (2009). Moving from colonization toward balance and harmony: A Native American perspective on wellness. Social Work, 54(3), 211-219.

Holt, N. L. (2001). Beyond technical reflection: Demonstrating the modification of teaching
behaviors using three levels of reflection. Avante, 7(2), 66-76.

Howell-Jones, G. E. (2005). Counselling First Nations: Experiences of how Aboriginal clients develop, experience, and maintain successful healing relationships with non- Aboriginal counsellors in mainstream mental health settings, a narrative study (Unpublished thesis). University of British Columbia.

Hyden, M. (1999). The world of the fearful: battered women’s narratives of leaving abusive husband. Feminism and Psychology, 9(4), 449-469.

Jones, K. (2010, October). Seminar. Performative social science. What it is, What it isn’t [Script]. Paper presented at the Seminar on Performative Social Science, Bournemouth University, Dorset, UK. Retrieved from www.academia.edu/4769877/Performative_SocSci_What_it_is_What_it_isnt_Seminar_script.

Jones, P. (2007). Drama as therapy: Theory, practice and research. New York, NY: Routledge.

Kapitan, L. (2015). Introduction to art therapy research. New York: Routledge.

Kapitan, L. (2017). Introduction to art therapy research. New York: Routledge.

Karcher, O., & Caldwell, C. (2014). Turning data into dance: Performing and presenting research on oppression and the body. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 41(5), 478–483. doi:10.1016/j.aip.2014.09.001

Kelly, L. (1988). Surviving Sexual Violence. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Khashaba, N. (2019). Creating Cultural Safety with Indigenous Clients as a Settler Drama Therapist: A Heuristic Study. [Graduate Projects (Non-thesis)] (Unpublished).

Kirmayer, L. J., Brass, G.M., & Tait, C.L. (2000). The mental health of Aboriginal peoples: Transformation of identity and community. Community Journal of Psychiatry, 45(1), 7-16.

Kirmayer, L., Simpson, C., & Cargo, M. (2003). Healing traditions: culture, community and mental health promotion with Canadian Aboriginal peoples. Australasian Psychiatry, 11, 15–24.

Kirmayer, L. J., G. M. Brass, T. Holton, K. Paul, C. Simpson, and V. Tait. (2007). Suicide among Aboriginal people in Canada. Ottawa, ON: Aboriginal Healing Foundation.

Langellier, K. (1999). Personal narrative, performance, performativity: Two or three things I know for sure. Text and Performance Quarterly, 19(2), 125-144.

Leary, J.D. (2005). Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome: America’s legacy of enduring injury and healing. Milwaukie, OR: Uptone Press.

Leavy, P. (2015). Method meets art: Arts-based research practice. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Lee Soon, R. (2016). Nohona I Waena I nā Mo’olelo/living between the stories: Contextualizing Drama Therapy within an indigenous Hawaiian epistemology. Drama Therapy Review, 2(2), 257-272.

Leveton, E. (2010). Healing collective trauma using Sociodrama and Drama Therapy. New York: Springer Pub.

Levine P. A. (1997). Waking the tiger: Healing trauma. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.

Levine, S. K. (2013). Expecting the unexpected: Improvisation in art-based research. In S. McNiff (Ed.), Art as research: Opportunities and challenges (pp. 125–132). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Lifton, R.J. (1986). The Nazi doctors: Medical killing and the psychology of genocide. New York: Basic Books.

Linklater, R. (2014). Decolonizing trauma work: Indigenous stories and strategies. Halifax, NS: Fernwood Publishing.

University of Alberta. Marketing & Communications Toolkit. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.ualberta.ca/toolkit/communications/acknowledgment-of-traditional-territory.

Masecar, D. (2007). What is working, what is hopeful: Supporting community-based suicide prevention strategies within Indigenous communities. Ottawa, ON: First Nations and Inuit Health Branch, Health Canada.

McCabe, G. (2008). Mind, body, emotions and spirit: Reaching to the ancestors. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 21(2), 143-152.

McCabe, G. (2017). Indigenous North American Psychological Healing Ways and the Placement of Integration and Decolonization. In S. L. Stewart, R. Moodley, A. Hyatt (Eds.), Indigenous Cultures and Mental Health Counselling: Four Directions for Integration with Counselling Psychology (pp. 73-89). New York, NY: Routledge.

McCormick, R. (1998). Ethical considerations in First Nations counselling and research. Canadian Journal of Counselling, 32(4), 284-297.

McCormick R. (2009). Aboriginal approaches to counselling. In L.K. Kirmayer and G.G. Valaskakis (Eds.) Healing traditions: the mental health of Aboriginal peoples in Canada (pp. 337-354). Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press.

Mehl-Madrona, L. (2007b). Narrative medicine: The use of history and story in the healing process. Rochester, VT: Bear.

Menzies, P. (2010). Intergenerational trauma from a mental health perspective. Native Social Work Journal, 7, 63-85.

Muncey, T. (2005). Doing autoethnography. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 4(1). Retrieved March 27, 2008, from http://www.ualberta.ca/~iiqm/backissues/4_1/html/muncey.htm.

Neuman, M. (1996). Collecting ourselves at the end of the century. In C. Ellis & A. Bochner (Eds.), Composing ethnography: Alternative forms of qualitative writing (pp. 172-200). London: Alta Mira Press.

North American Drama Therapy Association. (2019). Code of ethics. Retrieved from https://www.nadta.org/about-nadta/code-of-ethics.html.

Nehiyaw Masinahikan. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.creedictionary.com/search/index.php?q=amiskwaciwâskahikan&scope=1.

Oulanova, O., & Moodley, R. (2017). Lessons from clinical practice: Some of the ways in which Canadian mental health professionals practice integration. In S. L. Stewart, R. Moodley, A. Hyatt (Eds.), Indigenous Cultures and Mental Health Counselling: Four Directions for Integration with Counselling Psychology (pp. 73-89). New York, NY: Routledge.

Overmars, D. (2010). Diagnosis as a naming ceremony: Caution warranted in use of the DSM-IV with Canadian Aboriginal peoples. First Peoples Child and Family Review, 5(1), 78-85.

Pendzik, S. (1988). Drama Therapy as a form of modern shamanism. The Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 20(1), 81-91.

Pitre, R. (2014). Extracting the perpetrator: Fostering parent/child attachment with developmental transformations. In N. Sajnani & D. R. Johnson (Eds.), Trauma-informed Drama Therapy: Transforming clinics, classrooms, and communities (pp. 243-269). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publishers.

Ramsden, I. M. (2002). Cultural safety and nursing education in Aotearoa and Te Waipounamu: a thesis submitted to the Victoria University of Wellington in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing (PhD thesis), Victoria University of Wellington. Wellington. New Zealand. http://doi.org/http://helicon.vuw.ac.nz/login?url=http://restrictedarchive.vuw.ac.nz/ha ndle/123456789/587.

Reclaiming Power and Place: The Final Report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls. (2019) Government of Canada. Retrieved from https://www.mmiwg-ffada.ca/final-report/.

Reed-Danahay, D. E. (1997). Auto/ethnography: Rewriting the self and the social. Oxford, UK: Berg.

Reynolds, V. (2011). Resisting burnout with justice-doing. The International Journal of Narrative Therapy and Community Work. (4) 27-45.

Reynolds, V. (2019). Setting an intention for decolonizing practice and justice doing: Social justice activism in community work and therapy. In S. Collins (Eds.), Embracing cultural responsivity and social justice: Re-shaping professional identity in counselling psychology (pp. 615-630). Victoria, BC: Counselling Concepts.

Richardson, C. (2009). A Word Is Worth a Thousand Pictures: Working With Aboriginal Women Who Have Experienced Violence. In L. R. Ross (Ed.), Feminist Counselling: Theories, Issues and Practice (pp. 122-148). Toronto: Women’s Press.

Richardson, C. (2010a, June). Orchestrating Positive Social Responses to People Who Have Experienced Violence and/or Mistreatment. Handout Package Presented at the Vancouver Island Narrative Collective Evening Workshop, Victoria, B.C.

Richardson, C., & Reynolds, V. (2014). Structuring Safety in Therapeutic Work alongside Indigenous Survivors of Residential Schools. Canadian Journal of Native Studies, (2), 147-164.

Richardson, C. & Wade, A. (2008). Taking resistance seriously: a response-based approach to
social work in cases of violence against Indigenous women. In S.J. Carriere
(Eds), Walking this path together: an anti-racist and anti-oppressive child welfare
practice (pp. 204-220). Winnipeg, MB: Fernwood.

Richardson, C., & Wade, A. (2012). Creating islands of safety: contesting “failure to protect and
Mother-blaming in child protection cases of paternal violence against children and mothers. In S. Strega, J. Krane, S. LaPierre, & C. Richardson (Eds.), Failure to protect: moving beyond gendered responses to violence (pp. 146-165). Winnipeg, MB: Fernwood.

Riel, D. R. (2019). Indigneous historical trauma: A decolonizing therapeutic framework for Indigenous counsellors working with Indigenous clients. In S. Collins (Eds.), Embracing cultural responsivity and social justice: Re-shaping professional identity in counselling psychology (pp. 269-298). Victoria, BC: Counselling Concepts.

Rolling, J. H., Jr. (2013). Arts-based research primer. New York: Peter Lang.

Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. (1996). Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Ottawa, Ontario: Canada Communication Group - Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.bac- lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/aboriginal-heritage/royal-commission-aboriginal- peoples/Pages/final-report.aspx.

Sal'TShan Institute (2002). Presentation to the Romanov Commission regarding First Nation's health: Pooling of best thinking. Chilliwack, BC: Author.

Secklin, P. L. (1997). Lucy’s dividing family: My discovery of the person in the subject. Journal of Personal and Interpersonal Loss, 2(3), 267-275.

Sela-Smith, S. (2002). Heuristic Research: A review and critique of Moustakas’s method. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 23(3), 53.

Statistics Canada. (2006). Women in Canada: A gender-based statistical report. Ottawa: Minister of Industry.

Smith, J. (2012). Becoming-music: A description of an improvisational music therapy outreach approach.

International journal of child, youth and family studies, 3(2-3), 272-283. doi:10.18357/ijcyfs32-3201210870
Smith, L. H. (1999). Decolonizing methodologies: Research and Indigenous peoples. Dunedin, New Zealand: University of Otago Press.

Smith, S. (1993). Subjectivity, identity, and the body: Women’s autobiographical practices in the twentieth century. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Smye, V., & Browne, A. (2002). "Cultural safety" and the analysis of health policy affecting Aboriginal people. Nurse Researcher 9(3), 42-56.

Smye, V., & Mussell, B. (2001). Aboriginal mental health: What works best. A discussion paper. Vancouver, BC: Mental Health Evaluation and Consultation Unit, University of BC. Retrieved from http://www.mheccu.ubc.ca/documents/ publications/discussion-paper.pdf.

Solomon, A., and N.N. Wane. (2005). Indigenous healers and healing in a modern world. In R. Moodley and W. West (Eds.), Integrating Traditional Healing Practices into Counselling and Psychotherapy. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Sparkes, A. C. (2000). Autoethnography and narratives of self: Reflections on criteria in action. Sociology of Sport Journal, 17(1), 21-43.

Spry, T. (2001). Performing autoethnography: An embodied methodological praxis. Qualitative Inquiry, 7(6), 706–732.

Stewart, N.J, and St. Germaine. (2003). Using the gifts of the trickster: Balancing self in the helping field. Native Social Work Journal: Articulating Aboriginal Paradigms: Implications for Aboriginal Social Work Practice 5, 155-171.

Stewart, N.J., (2007). “Indigenous mental health: Canadian Native counsellors’ narrative.
Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Victoria, BC.

St. Germain, M. (2015). Opening the conversation: An investigation into the interface of Drama Therapy, intergenerational trauma, and Aboriginal youth of Canada. [Graduate Projects (Non-thesis)] (Unpublished).

Todd, N. & Wade, A. (2004). Coming to terms with violence and resistance: From a language of effects to a language of responses. In T. Strong & D. Pane (Eds.), Furthering Talk and Advances in the Discursive Therapies (pp. 145-161). New York, New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. (2015). Honoring the truth, reconciling for the future: Summary of the final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved from http://www.trc.ca/websites/trcinstitution/File/2015/Findings/Exec_Summary_2015_05_3 1_web_o.pdf.

University of Ottawa. (2009). Aboriginal medicine and healing practices. Retrieved from http://www.med.uottawa.ca/sim/data/Aboriginal_Medicine_e.htm.

Volkas, A. (2014). Drama Therapy in the repair of collective trauma. In N., Sajnani & D. R., Johnson (Eds.), Trauma-informed Drama Therapy: Transforming clinics, classrooms, and communities (pp. 122-151). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publishers.

Wade, A. (1995). Resistance knowledges: therapy with Aboriginal persons who have experienced
violence. In P. H. Stephenson, S.J. Elliott, T. F. Leslie, & J. D. R Harris (Eds.), A persistent spirit: towards understanding Aboriginal health in British Columbia (pp. 166-206). Victoria, British Columbia: University of Victoria.

Wade, A. (2007a). Coming to Terms with Violence: A Response-Based Approach to Therapy, Research and Community Action. Handout Package, Therapeutic Conversations, 8.

Wade, A. (1997). Small acts of living: everyday resistance to violence and other forms of
oppression. Contemporary Family Therapy, 19(1), 23-39.

Wall, S. (2008) Easier said than done: Writing an autoethnography. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 7(1), 38-53. https://0-doi-org.mercury.conordia.ca/10.1177/160940690800700103

Wesley-Esquimaux, C.C. (2004). Raven saw: Tradition, transition, and transformation in a northern Aboriginal community. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Toronto, ON.

White, M. 1995. Reauthorizing Lives: Interviews and Essays. Adelaide: Dulwich Centre.

Whyte, Megan Kanerahtenha:wi (2018) Walking on Two-Row: Assessing Acculturative Identity through Material Interaction, An Indigenous Arts-Based Heuristic Inquiry. [Graduate Projects (Non-thesis)] (Unpublished).

Wilson, W.A and M. Yellow Bird. (2005). For Indigenous eyes only: A decolonization handbook. Sante Fe, NM: School of American Research.
All items in Spectrum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved. The use of items is governed by Spectrum's terms of access.

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads per month over past year

Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
- Research related to the current document (at the CORE website)
Back to top Back to top