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Development of Resuspension Technique for On-site Phosphorus Remediation of Eutrophic Lakes


Development of Resuspension Technique for On-site Phosphorus Remediation of Eutrophic Lakes

Karimipourfard, Golnoosh (2020) Development of Resuspension Technique for On-site Phosphorus Remediation of Eutrophic Lakes. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Eutrophication is the enrichment of nutrients, especially phosphorus, in aquatic systems, with harmful effects on surface water bodies such as lakes. Usually, 80-90% of the phosphorus is incorporated into lake bottom sediments, which could be released to the water body through different mechanisms.
Resuspension technique has been introduced as a new approach to solving the eutrophication issue by treating the bottom sediments. The basic idea of resuspension method is that finer sediment particles tend to adsorb more contamination due to their higher effective surface area and ionic attraction. In resuspension systems, finer particles are targeted for removal from the aquatic environment. In this experimental study, the resuspension mechanism was simulated in a confined water column. This study aims to identify the most effective particle sizes and the optimum condition to capture the sediment particles, and to investigate the feasibility and efficiency of the resuspension method.
The results show that sediment particles of around 16 µm to 30 µm in size carried higher concentrations of phosphorus than sediment particles of other sizes. Resuspension technique could successfully reduce the total concentration of phosphorus contaminations. The optimum settling time to decrease the phosphorus level by 15% was calculated as 14 minutes, considering 30% slurry removal. The phosphorus concentration decreased by 15% by removing only 7% of the fine particles. Phosphorus contamination carried by the suspended sediment particles was about 2.4 times higher than the bulk sediments. The experimental results confirmed the accuracy of theoretical calculations. The suspended particle matter (SPM) removed through the resuspension system was passed through one layer of different filters. Filters with a pore size of 13.3 µm decreased the phosphorus level of SPM from 6.57 mg/L to 0.027 mg/L. Generally, filters with smaller pore sizes were more effective for decreasing the phosphorus contamination.
The resuspension method showed desirable results for the removal of phosphorus from bottom sediments. A small amount of sediment removed from the system, and no chemical substances were employed. Consequently, the resuspension method causes less destruction in the aquatic ecosystem.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Karimipourfard, Golnoosh
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Civil Engineering
Date:4 October 2020
Thesis Supervisor(s):Mulligan, Catherine and Li, Samuel
Keywords:Resuspension technique, In-situ sediment treatment, Phosphorus treatment, eutrophication
ID Code:987539
Deposited By: Golnoosh Karimipourfard
Deposited On:23 Jun 2021 16:30
Last Modified:01 Nov 2022 00:00


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