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Measuring, modeling and assessing evaporative fluxes over an integrated lake-wetland system in Southern Quebec

Title:

Measuring, modeling and assessing evaporative fluxes over an integrated lake-wetland system in Southern Quebec

Vieira, Henrique ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4928-3668 (2022) Measuring, modeling and assessing evaporative fluxes over an integrated lake-wetland system in Southern Quebec. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Evapotranspiration (ET) is the second largest component of the hydrological cycle globally and a major factor in surface energy balance. Despite its importance, quantifying evapotranspiration presents high uncertainties due to limitations in available data and modeling approaches. This thesis provides – for the first time – a temporally high-resolution ET dataset (30 minutes) using Eddy Covariance method for a lake-wetland duo in Southern Québec during 2020’s growing season, during the Covid-19 pandemic lockdown. In addition, this thesis benchmarks the performance of 40 existing ET models – the largest number of empirical ET models intercompared to date – across different time scales, times of the day and times of the season. The benchmarking effort uses a non-dominated sorting framework with multiple goodness-of-fit measures to rank models. In general, the most non-falsified models in the marsh are Carpenter (aerodynamic), McMillan (aerodynamic), Kimberley-Penman (combination) and Stephens-Stewart (temperature-hybrid). In the lake, Hamon’s (temperature) equation remains non-falsified across most scenarios. Comparing continuous simulations in the two landscapes, the expected Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency of non-falsified models is consistently higher in the marsh across all timescales from half-hour to one month and different times of the season. Considering different diurnal segments, the performance of non-falsified models becomes comparable in daytime and strictly better in the lake during nighttime. ET was better estimated during daytime and nighttime separately than full days. Overestimation of ET was observed during local temperature peaks preceded by prolonged net radiation peaks without precipitation, which potentially points at models’ inability to capture the effect of stomata closure of the canopy during heatwaves. Capturing evapotranspiration in wetlands and lakes requires more physically-based parameterizations to represent thermal and biological dynamics at weekly and finer scales. This study also provides evidence for the necessity of using multi-objective ranking to benchmark evapotranspiration and points at strategic directions for future developments.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Vieira, Henrique
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Civil Engineering
Date:February 2022
Thesis Supervisor(s):Nazemi, Ali
Keywords:Evapotranspiration, empirical models, lakes, wetlands, multi-objective sorting, benchmarking.
ID Code:988621
Deposited By: Henrique Fagundes Vieira
Deposited On:16 Jun 2022 15:19
Last Modified:16 Jun 2022 15:19

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