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Three Essays on Sustainability, Bank Solvency, and Stock Price Returns


Three Essays on Sustainability, Bank Solvency, and Stock Price Returns

Zhao, Yunfei (2021) Three Essays on Sustainability, Bank Solvency, and Stock Price Returns. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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My dissertation consists of three essays in which I explore the effect of various types of news announcements (presidential tweets, natural disasters, and corporate innovations) on the stock price performance of firms and the solvency of banks.

Using event-study methodology and cross-sectional regression analysis, my first essay explores the effects of U.S. President Donald Trump's messages (tweets) on the stock prices of media and non-media companies. For media firms, we find that positive tweets have a pronounced positive stock price impact, whereas negative and neutral tweets have little or no effect. For non-media firms, we observe the opposite: negative tweets tend to be associated with significant stock price declines whereas neutral and positive tweets incur weekly positive stock price reactions. The paper provides important insights re. the ability of political figureheads to move stock prices on one hand and investors’ ability to differentiate between presidential statements that are inconsequential for the affected firms or may have long-lasting implications on the other hand.

My second essay is based on a comprehensive dataset on natural catastrophes around the world and detailed financial statements for 9,928 banks that operate in 149 countries from 1990 to 2017. We use a variety of empirical analyses to explore (1) whether and how natural disasters affect bank solvency, (2) how accounting and regulatory measures of bank solvency reflect a bank’s true affectedness, and (3) whether the effects differ across different types of banks. This study adds to the discussion of what type of capital and capital ratio best reflects a bank’s sensitivity to risk. The main finding is that damages from disasters matter: they negatively affect capital ratios, and the severity of their impact depends on a bank’s location, capitalization, and business model. In addition, the results show that accounting measures of solvency are more sensitive to disasters than are regulatory measures.

My third essay employs data on patents and trademarks collected from the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and on disaster data collected from the Spatial Hazard Events and Losses Database for the United States (SHELDUS) covering 12,897 publicly traded firms from 1990 to 2015. By using multiple measurements of innovation and estimating a variety of different models, we show that natural disasters have a negative impact on corporate innovations in general, with important differences among different industries. We also find several channels through which natural disasters can influence firms' innovation ability.

Divisions:Concordia University > John Molson School of Business > Finance
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Zhao, Yunfei
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Business Administration (Finance specialization)
Date:15 November 2021
Thesis Supervisor(s):Walker, Thomas
ID Code:989924
Deposited By: Yunfei Zhao
Deposited On:16 Jun 2022 14:21
Last Modified:16 Jun 2022 14:21
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