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Development of paper-based hygro-mechanical systems for liquid characterization

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Development of paper-based hygro-mechanical systems for liquid characterization

Perez-Cruz, Angel (2017) Development of paper-based hygro-mechanical systems for liquid characterization. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Abstract

Over the past few years, paper-based microfluidics systems have been extensively applied to perform different analytical tasks including detection and quantification of the specific analyte. Few works have reported the use of paper as a structural element to develop both sensors and actuators. These devices are extremely useful as they are inexpensive, easy to fabricate, disposable and portable. However, other features of paper that can be applied to develop new sensing principles have not been explored. Paper is a hygroscopic material that enables the generation of motion by hygromorphism.
In this work, paper-based hygro-mechanical systems (PB-HMS) for liquid characterization are developed. The configuration of the developed PB-HMS is formed by the interaction of a paper-based cantilever beam and a liquid droplet. The paper-based cantilever beam acts as a hygroscopic sensitive element, while the liquid droplet triggers the bending response of the PB-HMS. These systems do not require any external source of energy to stimulate the sensing element (i.e. electric or magnetic field) as their interaction with the liquid droplet activates the motion.
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In addition, different gaps in the knowledge found in the literature were addressed to develop the PB-HMS. They are described as follows. First, an imbibition model based on Richards’ equation is developed in this thesis to predict liquid imbibition in complex paper-based networks. Second, a dimensionless stress-imbibition model including three main nonlinearities (imbibition, swelling and softening) is developed in this work. Third, the influences of such nonlinearities on the characteristic hygro-mechanical bending response of paper-based beams are studied. Fourth, the design of the PB-HMS is performed in order to extract information from the systems using their dynamic response. Finally, a method to quantify the dynamic performance of the PB-HMS in order to characterize liquid is developed.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Perez-Cruz, Angel
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Mechanical Engineering
Date:March 2017
Thesis Supervisor(s):Stiharu, Ion and Dominguez, Aurelio
ID Code:982467
Deposited By: ANGEL PEREZ CRUZ
Deposited On:01 Jun 2017 12:46
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:55

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