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Measuring the Impacts of Climatic Exposure to Pavement Surface Deterioration with Low Cost Technology


Measuring the Impacts of Climatic Exposure to Pavement Surface Deterioration with Low Cost Technology

Gadi, Zakariya (2018) Measuring the Impacts of Climatic Exposure to Pavement Surface Deterioration with Low Cost Technology. Masters thesis, Concordia University.

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Gadi_MASc_S2018.pdf - Accepted Version
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Pavements play a significant role in social and economic development. Canada spent approximately 12 billion dollars annually on pavements. However, roads are exposed to climatic changes and truck loads which affect their serviceability and reduce their lifespan. Most of Canada is exposed to freeze-thaw cycles which have a drastically impact on the pavement structure. A large portion of the deterioration occurs during the spring thaw period.
This research uses a smartphone to estimate pavement roughness on a weekly basis during 30 weeks in an attempt to test if such indicator can be used to identify the beginning of the load restriction and the overall damage experienced after one environmental cycle. A pavement section located on highway 20 near Montreal was visited during 2016 and 2017 season. The studied segment is about 8 km long. A pavement roughness index (RI) was estimated before, during, and after the winter season. The air temperature was registered in order to characterize the number of freeze thaw cycles experienced. It was impossible to use the RI measurements to identify the beginning of the thawing period as RI reflected the wheel-path driven and in many occasions changed were imperceptible. It was only after taking dates with larger time separation that overall decay in roughness condition was observed.
One day during Fall, Winter, and Spring selected as an excellent case to present the freeze-thaw cycle effect and to show the variations in the pavement surface condition. It has been found that the freeze-thaw cycle impacted the subgrade soil layer which reflected on the pavement surface. The average RI value before the frost season was found to be 3.99 m/km in average, while during winter season was 4.52 m/km, and in spring season was 5.30 m/km on average. The pavement deterioration was increased by average of 1.31 m/km. The results of RI change were then transferred into other Canadian location with dissimilar freezing index and annual precipitation, and annual impact of expected roughness decay estimated for various cities.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Authors:Gadi, Zakariya
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:M.A. Sc.
Program:Civil Engineering
Date:March 2018
Thesis Supervisor(s):Amador, Luis
ID Code:983810
Deposited On:11 Jun 2018 02:14
Last Modified:11 Jun 2018 02:14
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