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Modeling and Control of Magnetostrictive-actuated Dynamic Systems


Modeling and Control of Magnetostrictive-actuated Dynamic Systems

Li, Zhi (2015) Modeling and Control of Magnetostrictive-actuated Dynamic Systems. PhD thesis, Concordia University.

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Magnetostrictive actuators featuring high energy densities, large strokes and fast responses appear poised to play an increasingly important role in the field of nano/micro positioning applications. However, the performance of the actuator, in terms of precision, is mainly limited by 1) inherent hysteretic behaviors resulting from the irreversible rotation of magnetic domains within the magnetostrictive material; and 2) dynamic responses caused by the inertia and flexibility of the magnetostrictive actuator and the applied external mechanical loads. Due to the presence of the above limitations, it will prevent the magnetostrictive actuator from providing the desired performance and cause the system inaccuracy.

This dissertation aims to develop a modeling and control methodology to improve the control performance of the magnetostrictive-actuated dynamic systems. Through thorough experimental investigations, a dynamic model based on the physical principle of the magnetostrictive actuator is proposed, in which the nonlinear hysteresis effect and the dynamic behaviors can both be represented. Furthermore, the hysteresis effect of the magnetostrictive actuator presents asymmetric characteristics. To capture these characteristics, an asymmetric shifted Prandtl-Ishlinskii (ASPI) model is proposed, being composed by three components: a Prandtl-Ishlinskii (PI) operator, a shift operator and an auxiliary function. The advantages of the proposed model are: 1) it is able to represent the asymmetric hysteresis behavior; 2) it facilitates the construction of the analytical inverse; 3) the analytical expression of the inverse compensation error can also be derived. The validity of the proposed ASPI model and the entire dynamic model was demonstrated through experimental tests on the magnetostrictive-actuated dynamic system.

According to the proposed hysteresis model, the inverse compensation approach is applied for the purpose of mitigating the hysteresis effect. However, in real systems, there always exists a modeling error between the hysteresis model and the true hysteresis. The use of an estimated hysteresis model in deriving the inverse compensator will yield some degree of hysteresis compensation error. This error will cause tracking error in the closed-loop control system. To accommodate such a compensation error, an analytical expression of the inverse compensation error is derived first. Then, a prescribed adaptive control method is developed to suppress the compensation error and simultaneously guaranteeing global stability of the closed loop system with a prescribed transient and steady-state performance of the tracking error. The effectiveness of the proposed control scheme is validated on the magnetostrictive-actuated experimental platform. The experimental results illustrate an excellent tracking performance by using the developed control scheme.

Divisions:Concordia University > Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science > Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Authors:Li, Zhi
Institution:Concordia University
Degree Name:Ph. D.
Program:Mechanical Engineering
Date:20 February 2015
ID Code:980037
Deposited By: ZHI LI
Deposited On:16 Jul 2015 15:31
Last Modified:18 Jan 2018 17:50
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